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Iran: American-Iranian Woman Pardons Youth Accused of Killing Her Sister

(Dec. 22, 2009) A news item reported in November 2009 offers a vivid illustration of the workings of the Iranian criminal justice system. Facing a murder charge in a criminal court in Tehran, Majid, a youth who was working in a house as a cleaner and who was a crack addict, confessed to having killed […]

Iran: Criticism of Use of Death Penalty

(Nov. 24, 2009) An Iranian boy, Behnoud Shojaie, was executed in Iran on October 11, 2009, after being convicted of the murder of another boy in a street fight; both participants were just 17 years old. The Iranian judiciary had recently encouraged families of victims to reach private settlements, as permitted under Islamic law. In […]

Iran: $20 Million Allocated to Fight U.S. Media

(Nov. 18, 2009) On August 22, 2009, the House of Representatives of the Islamic Republic of Iran approved by a majority vote a “top priority” bill on “exposing the U.S. violations of human rights in the world.” The bill provides for fighting back against mass media publications and other “gimmicks” used by the U.S. government […]

Iran: Foreign Banks Encouraged to Open Branches

(Sept. 18, 2009) The Council of Ministers approved new regulations to encourage foreign banks to do business in Iran. The new regulations, organized in four parts and totaling 13 articles, are dated March 18, 2009, and entitled “The Executive By-Law on the Manner of Establishment and Operations of Branches of Foreign Banks in Iran.” They […]

Iran: New Regulations on Lawyers Suspended After Bar Associations Object

(Sept. 10, 2009) The Bar Associations of Tehran and of all provincial cities in Iran unanimously and strenuously objected to new regulations recently recommended by the Judiciary. These regulations authorize the Judiciary to extend or suspend the permits of practicing lawyers. The Bar Associations Union, reflecting the opposition of the Bar Associations, demanded that the […]

Iran: Ruling on Foreigners’ Lawsuits Against Iranian Nationals in Iranian Courts

(Sept. 10, 2009) In July 2008, in response to a question from Iran's Minister of Justice, the Guardian Council announced that in some cases foreign nationals cannot benefit from a statute of limitations for litigation when they file lawsuits in Iranian courts. The Guardian Council is an institution established under Iran's Constitution to examine the […]

Iran: Amendment to New Family Law Makes Bigamy Rare

(Aug. 31, 2009) On September 8, 2008, the Judicial Committee of the Iranian Parliament's House of Representatives voted to delete two articles from the Family Protection Bill, including one on polygamy. Under article 23 of the bill as presented by the government to the House, a man wishing to marry a second wife would have […]

Iran: Payment Can Save a Murderer from Execution

(Aug. 31, 2009) It was reported on June 12, 2009, that judges of the High Criminal Court of Fars Province of Iran held a hearing to try a man charged with killing his daughter and seven other persons. The defendant, Hassan, had become furiously enraged because his daughter had fled with her lover, a young […]

Iran: Production, Distribution, and Sale of Obscene Computer Content Are Punishable

(Aug. 31, 2009) The Islamic House of Representatives introduced certain amendments to the Computer-Generated Crimes Bill in compliance with objections to the bill raised by the Guardian Council. The principal article providing for punishment of those involved in illicit activities related to computer-generated obscene materials received final approval of the House. It states: Every person […]

Iran: Chief of Judiciary Warns Against Rising Cost of Compensation

(Aug. 28, 2009) It was reported on August 25, 2009, that the head of Iran's judiciary had warned judges against the rising cost to the state treasury of the Iranian system of compensation (Diah). Article 294 of the Islamic Criminal Law of Iran has defined Diah as “the property given to the victim of the […]