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France: New Law Places Limits on Holding Multiple Political Offices

(Feb. 18, 2014) On January 22, 2014, the French Parliament adopted two laws placing limits on the ability of politicians to hold multiple concurrent political offices. (Projet de loi interdisant le cumul de fonctions exécutives locales avec le mandat de représentant au Parlement européen [Draft Law to Prohibit the Concurrent Holding of Local Executive Offices […]

France: 2010 Law Banning Full Islamic Veil Challenged in Court

(Jan. 6, 2014) In October 2010, France enacted a law banning the concealment of one’s face in public (Loi n° 2010-1192 du 11 octobre 2010 interdisant la dissimulation du visage dans l’espace public [Law No. 2010-1192 of October 11, 2010, Banning Concealment of the Face in Public Places], LEGIFRANCE; see also Nicole Atwill, France: Law […]

France: New Mining Code Under Consideration

(Dec. 23, 2013) On September 5, 2012, the French Prime Minister, Jean-Marc Ayrault, created a working group to elaborate an in-depth reform of the French Mining Code. This working group, which consisted of elected officials, jurists, representatives from non-government organizations, and representatives from the industrial sector, as well as other concerned social actors and experts, […]

France: Official Report Calls for Reform of Rehabilitation Centers for Juvenile Delinquents

(Nov. 18, 2013) On November 13, 2013, the French Comptroller-General of prisons issued a report that is highly critical of two “Centres Educatifs Fermés” (CEF, Closed Education Centers). (Contrôleur général des lieux de privation de liberté, JOURNAL OFFICIEL DE LA RÉPUBLIQUE FRANÇAISE (Nov. 13, 2013).) These centers are the product of a 2002 law reforming […]

France: Parliament Passes Legislation to Strike the Word “Race” from All French Laws

(Aug. 6, 2013) On May 16, 2013, the French legislature passed a draft law to strike the word “race” from all of its legislation. (No Such Thing as ‘Race,’ Say French Lawmakers, FRANCE 24 (May 17, 2013).) According to a report issued by the Commission des Lois Constitutionnelles, de la Législation et de l’Administration Générale […]

France: Provision on Same-Sex Marriage Approved by Legislature

(Feb. 7, 2013) On February 2, 2013, the French National Assembly approved a provision on the redefinition of marriage – as an agreement between two people, rather than between a man and a woman – that is part of a major piece of proposed legislation to legalize same-sex marriage in <?France. (Julie Deisher, France National […]

France: Approval of Same-Sex Marriage Draft Law

(Nov. 15, 2012) France’s Council of Ministers (Conseil des Ministres, Cabinet) approved a draft law on November 7, 2012, that legalizes marriage for same-sex couples. The proposal gives such couples the rights usually assigned to marriage, as well as adoption rights, be it joint adoption of a child by the two spouses or adoption of […]

France: Payment for Abortions and for Contraceptives for Minors

(Nov. 7, 2012) On October 26, 2012, the National Assembly, the lower house of <?France's legislature, approved a bill to extend government payment for abortions to all French women. Previously, only minors and low-income women were eligible for reimbursement for the costs of abortions. The payment would be up to €450 (about US$582) for each […]

France: Cour de Cassation Decision on Google

(Aug. 1, 2012) On July 12, 2012, the Cour de Cassation, France's Supreme Court for civil and criminal matters, ruled that a search engine that systematically sends users, by automatically suggesting key words associated with their queries, to websites containing music files made available to the public without the consent of the files' authors should […]

France: 2012 Finance Law Amendment

(July 13, 2012) On July 4, 2012, Pierre Moscovici, France's Minister of Economy, presented a revision of the 2012 Finance Law to the Council of Ministers. (Loi de finances rectificative pour 2012, Portail du Gouvernement (July 4, 2012).) The amended budget is designed to meet the promise of holding the budget deficit to 4.5% of […]