Library of Congress

Law Library of Congress

The Library of Congress > Law Library > News & Events > Global Legal Monitor

Brazil; France: Agreements on Defense Include Transfer of Technology

(Jan. 5, 2009) On December 22, 2008, Brazilian President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva and French President Nicolas Sarkozy signed several agreements in the area of defense during Sarkozy's visit to Rio de Janeiro. The agreements include the purchase of helicopters, the construction of submarines (including a nuclear-propelled one), and the transfer of technology to […]

France: Constitutional Council Validates Option to Retire at Age 70

(Dec. 18, 2008) On December 11, 2008, France's Constitutional Council ruled on the constitutionality of several provisions of the 2009 Law on the Financing of Social Security. Determination of the constitutionality of laws in France takes place before their promulgation. The Law had been referred to the Council by socialist members of Parliament. The most […]

France: Competition Authority Ordinance

(Dec. 4, 2008) Law 2008-776 on the Modernization of the Economy, which was passed by the French legislature on August 4, 2008, established a new single competition authority, the Autorité de la concurrence.The creation of the Competition Authority was recently implemented by Ordinance 2008-1161 of November 13, 2008. The Ordinance sets forth the investigation powers […]

France: Bank Support Plan

(Oct. 23, 2008) The French Parliament recently passed Amended Law 2008-1061 of October 16, 2008, on Finances to Fund the Economy, aimed at restoring trust in the French banking and financial system and guaranteeing the good functioning of the economy. The measures adopted reflect the action plan devised by the Member States of the European […]

France: Law on Environmental Liability

(Oct. 7, 2008) Law 2008-757 of August 1, 2008, on environmental liability, transposes Directive 2004/35/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of April 21, 2004, on the prevention and remedying of environmental damage. The Law also implements articles 3 and 4 of the Environmental Charter contained in the Preamble of the 1958 Constitution, […]

France; Gabon: Gabonese President Ordered to Pay Restitution

(Oct. 6, 2008) On September 29, 2008, a court of appeal in Bordeaux, France, confirmed a June 2007 ruling ordering Omar Bongo, the President of Gabon, to return €457,347 (about US$654,000) to the son of a French company director. This ruling is enforceable even if a further appeal is initiated. The company director, Rene Cardona, […]

France: Measures to Combat Discrimination

(July 2, 2008) Law 2008-496 of May 27, 2008, transposes into national law various measures to combat discrimination to comply with three European Union directives: Directive 2000/43/EU of June 29, 2000 (equal treatment between persons irrespective of racial or ethnic origin); Directive 2000/78/EU of November 27, 2000 (general legal framework on equal treatment in employment); […]

France: Biometric Passports

(June 2, 2008) On April 30, 2008, the French government issued a decree implementing biometric passports and creating a national database to store fingerprints, photographs, and information relating to the civil status of passport applicants. The decree was published in the official gazette of May 4, 2008. It is designed to comply with European Council […]

Australia; China; France: Extradition Treaties

(May 2, 2008) On April 24, 2008, the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress of the People's Republic of China (PRC) ratified extradition treaties with France and Australia. Each treaty has 23 articles. The treaties cover, among other matters, extradition obligations, extraditable offenses, reasons that can be used and reasons that should be used […]

France: Protection Against Police Abuses and Video Surveillance

(May 2, 2008) France's National Commission on Ethics and Security (Commission Nationale de Déontologie de la Sécurité), an independent administrative authority that has the power to investigate cases of abuses by police officers and others in charge of public security, released its annual activities report to the President of the Republic on April 8, 2008. […]