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European Union: Iranian Group’s Status on Terrorist List

(Oct. 30, 2008) On October 23, 2008, the European Court of First Instance (ECFI) annulled a decision of the European Council, issued in December 2007, to maintain the People's Mujahedin Organization of Iran (PMOI) on the EU terrorist list on the grounds that evidence provided by the United Kingdom for its inclusion on the list […]

European Union: National and European Alert Programs to Report Internet Offenses

(Oct. 29, 2008) On October 24, 2008, the European Union Justice and Home Affairs Council, which convened in Luxembourg, adopted its conclusions on establishing national alert programs and a European alert program to report information on Internet offenses. For this purpose, it invited the EU Member States to take the necessary measures to create such […]

European Union: Response to U.S. Financial Crisis

(Oct. 3, 2008) The repercussions of the recent financial crisis in the United States have already been felt across the European Union and in other markets as well. On September 30, 2008, in response to the failure of the U.S. House of Representatives to approve a US$700 billion bailout bill, Johannes Laitenberger, a spokesman for […]

European Union: European Parliament Urges Prohibition on Animal Cloning

(Sept. 10, 2008) Within the European Union, no products derived from cloned animals are available for sale as yet. Some experts now believe that such products may reach the EU market by 2010, even though there is widespread concern about adverse effects of animal cloning on the welfare of animals, food quality, and the environment. […]

European Union; Italy: Fingerprinting of Roma Approved

(Sept. 5, 2008) On September 4, 1008, the European Commission rejected accusations that Italy's fingerprinting of Roma gypsies as part of a census of their population in camps in the country amounted to ethnic discrimination. The Commission has said it is satisfied that the program is consistent with EU law. The Commission concluded that the […]

European Union: Exchange of Data with Interpol on Lost and Stolen Passports

(Sept. 4, 2008) Pursuant to Common Position 2005/96/JHA, European Union Member States are required to report information on stolen and lost passports to Interpol. The objective of the Common Position is to prevent and fight organized crime, including terrorism, committed through the misuse by criminals of lost or stolen passports. In practice, national authorities, once […]

European Union: Proposal for Self-Extinguishing Cigarettes

(Sept. 4, 2008) Self-extinguishing cigarettes, which go out automatically within a minute if not puffed, are sold in Canada and in some states in the United States. Recently, the European Commission announced that all cigarettes have to be “fire-safe” by 2011. EU Commissioner for Consumer Protection Meglena Kuneva remarked that “by introducing self-extinguishing cigarettes, at […]

European Union: Proposal to Introduce Communication Among Cars

(Sept. 4, 2008) European Union statistics available for 2006 indicate that approximately 42,000 persons died and more than 1.6 million were involved in automobile accidents in that year. Moreover, Europeans spent 24% of driving time in traffic jams. This fact alone is anticipated to cost the economy about €80 billion (about US$116.3 billion) by 2010. […]

European Union: EU Emissions Trading System to Join U.N. Carbon Credit Registry by End of 2008

(Sept. 4, 2008) The European Union's Emissions Trading Scheme, which was established in 2005 to meet the EU's Kyoto Protocol commitments to reduce carbon dioxide emissions, enables companies to trade carbon dioxide pollution permits. Thus, companies that go beyond their CO2 emissions targets can purchase allowances from “greener” companies. With the termination of the first […]

European Union: Proposal to Amend Regulation on Ozone-Depleting Substances

(Sept. 4, 2008) The 1985 Vienna Convention for the Protection of the Ozone Layer and the ensuing Montreal Protocol of 1987 on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer require contracting member states to phase out ozone-depleting substances according to a timetable. In 2000, the European Union implemented the provisions of the Montreal Protocol by adopting […]