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European Union: Czech Republic Assumes Presidency in January 2009

(Dec. 8, 2008) With its ascent to the six-month rotating European Union presidency scheduled to commence on January 1, 2009, the Czech Republic is setting the agenda for its leadership role. The Czech government has chosen as its representative slogan “Europe without barriers,” alluding to the country's stand on eliminating the labor barriers between the […]

European Union: Mutual Recogntion of Supervision Measures as Alternatives to Provisional Detention

(Dec. 5, 2008) A problem that most European Union Member States face is prison overpopulation. Among the factors identified as contributing to this problem are the excessive use of pre-trial detention and the length of that detention. In most EU states, non-resident suspects are often remanded in custody, while resident suspects are subject to alternative […]

European Union: Sweden Ratifies Lisbon Treaty

(Nov. 28, 2008) On November 21, 2008, the European Union came closer to its ultimate goal of ratification of the Lisbon Treaty – whose purpose is to restructure EU institutions to accommodate an enlarged union of 27 members – through the vote in favor of ratification by the Swedish Parliament. Two hundred members voted for […]

European Union: Stricter Rules on Animal Testing

(Nov. 14, 2008) For the past eight years, the European Commission has been working on a highly controversial proposal regarding animal testing. The proposal attempts to balance animal rights with the rights of scientists to use animals for experimental purposes. Within the European Union, approximately 12 million animals are used for experiments each year. Most […]

European Union: Iranian Group’s Status on Terrorist List

(Oct. 30, 2008) On October 23, 2008, the European Court of First Instance (ECFI) annulled a decision of the European Council, issued in December 2007, to maintain the People's Mujahedin Organization of Iran (PMOI) on the EU terrorist list on the grounds that evidence provided by the United Kingdom for its inclusion on the list […]

European Union: National and European Alert Programs to Report Internet Offenses

(Oct. 29, 2008) On October 24, 2008, the European Union Justice and Home Affairs Council, which convened in Luxembourg, adopted its conclusions on establishing national alert programs and a European alert program to report information on Internet offenses. For this purpose, it invited the EU Member States to take the necessary measures to create such […]

European Union: Response to U.S. Financial Crisis

(Oct. 3, 2008) The repercussions of the recent financial crisis in the United States have already been felt across the European Union and in other markets as well. On September 30, 2008, in response to the failure of the U.S. House of Representatives to approve a US$700 billion bailout bill, Johannes Laitenberger, a spokesman for […]

European Union: European Parliament Urges Prohibition on Animal Cloning

(Sept. 10, 2008) Within the European Union, no products derived from cloned animals are available for sale as yet. Some experts now believe that such products may reach the EU market by 2010, even though there is widespread concern about adverse effects of animal cloning on the welfare of animals, food quality, and the environment. […]

European Union; Italy: Fingerprinting of Roma Approved

(Sept. 5, 2008) On September 4, 1008, the European Commission rejected accusations that Italy's fingerprinting of Roma gypsies as part of a census of their population in camps in the country amounted to ethnic discrimination. The Commission has said it is satisfied that the program is consistent with EU law. The Commission concluded that the […]

European Union: Exchange of Data with Interpol on Lost and Stolen Passports

(Sept. 4, 2008) Pursuant to Common Position 2005/96/JHA, European Union Member States are required to report information on stolen and lost passports to Interpol. The objective of the Common Position is to prevent and fight organized crime, including terrorism, committed through the misuse by criminals of lost or stolen passports. In practice, national authorities, once […]