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Egypt: Judicial Authority Warns Parliament

(Feb. 17, 2012) On February 8, 2012, it was reported that the Chief of the Supreme Judicial Council and President of the Court of Cassation in Egypt, Judge Husam el-Din al-Ghariani, had sent a letter to the Speaker of the People's Assembly (the Parliament) insisting on the necessity of respecting the principle of separation of […]

Egypt: Supreme Council of Armed Forces Approves Provisions Amending Presidential Election Law

(Feb. 1, 2012) On January 21, Egypt's Supreme Council of the Armed Forces (SCAF) issued Decree 12-2012, amending an array of provisions found in Law 174-2005 on presidential elections. The new Law grants political parties that are represented in the Parliament the right to nominate a presidential candidate from among their members. The Law also […]

Egypt: Lawsuit Seeks to Allow Detained Blogger to Vote in Parliamentary Election

(Dec. 20, 2011) On December 8, 2011, blogger Alaa Abd al Fattah filed a lawsuit before an administrative court in Egypt against the Ministers of the Interior and of Justice, asking to be allowed to cast his vote in the parliamentary election. Alaa Abd al Fattah had been detained by the military police because he […]

Egypt: Supreme Council for Armed Forces Approves Anti-Discrimination Law

(Nov. 1, 2011) On October 15, 2011, the head of the Egyptian Supreme Council for the Armed Forces (SCAF) issued Decree 126-2011, amending the Penal Code (Law 58-1937). The purpose of the new law is to eradicate all forms of discrimination by and against Coptic Christians and Muslims. (Anti-Discrimination Legislation in Egypt [in Arabic], AL […]

Egypt: Proceedings in Mubarak Trial Televised Live

(Aug. 8, 2011) On August 3, 2011, the Criminal Court of Cairo began the public trial for former President Hosni Mubarak, along with both of his sons. Mubarak was transferred by a military plane from a hospital in the resort of Sharm El Sheikh to the court room in Cairo, where he was placed on […]

Egypt: Constitutional Amendments Passed

(Mar. 25, 2011) On March 19, 2011, the Egyptian people participated in a public referendum and approved, by a majority of 77% of the votes cast, amendments to the 1971 Constitution relating to the election of the President of the Republic. The main object of the amendments is to qualify more individuals to be candidates […]

Egypt: Supreme Administrative Court Rules Parliamentary Elections Void

(Dec. 21, 2010) On December 4, 2010, the Supreme Administrative Court (SAC), the highest administrative judicial body in Egypt, invalidated the two rounds of polling for the November 2010 Egyptian parliamentary elections. It upheld 1,000 court decisions issued by multiple circuits of the Administrative Judicial Court (lower court) (AJC) ordering that the announcement of the […]

Egypt: Appellate Court Rejects DNA Results That Contradict Shari’a Rules of Evidence

(Oct. 20, 2010) In October 2010, a family court in Egypt rejected the DNA results in a case concerning a parental relationship. The primary reason for rejecting the test results is that DNA testing does not adhere to Islamic law, shari'a. A husband who doubted his paternal relationship with his daughter conducted a DNA test […]

Egypt: New Family Law for Christians to Be Drafted Following Contentious Court Decision

(June 29, 2010) On June 13, 2010, the Ministry of Justice of Egypt established a committee to compose a draft law regulating marriage and divorce for Christians. The purpose of this initiative is to help alleviate the anger expressed by the Egyptian Coptic Orthodox Church after a Supreme Administrative Court ruling allowed divorced Christians who […]

Egypt: Bill Targets Human Rights Activists and Local NGOs

(May 18, 2010) It was reported on April 2, 2010, that a bill targeting human rights activists as well as non-governmental organizations (NGOs) will be discussed by the People's Assembly (lower house) of the Egyptian Parliament in its current session. The bill curtails the activities of human rights activists in Egypt. It subjects NGOs to […]