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Brazil: Decree Enacted to Regulate Use of Handcuffs

(Oct. 6, 2016) On September 26, 2016, Decree No. 8,858 was enacted to regulate the use of handcuffs in the Brazil. (Decreto No. 8.858 de 26 de Setembro de 2016, PLANALTO.)  The decree follows the guidelines established in articles 1(III) and 5(III) of the Brazilian Constitution, which provide for the protection and promotion of human […]

Brazil: Federal Supreme Court Recognizes Dual Paternity

(Sept. 23, 2016) On September 21, 2016, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court (Supremo Tribunal Federal, STF) held that a child’s relationship with one man through socio-affective paternity does not exempt the child’s biological father from paternal responsibility.  A majority of ministers of the STF dismissed an appeal by a biological father from a decision that imposed paternal obligations despite the child’s ties […]

Brazil: State Tribunal and State Government Sign Agreement to Promote Conciliation

(Sept. 15, 2016) The Justice Tribunal of the State of Minas Gerais and the State Secretariat of Health of Minas Gerais, on August 18, 2016, signed a technical cooperation agreement (termo de cooperação técnica) to promote conciliation procedures involving complaints related to public health.  The agreement was in compliance with the National Judicial Policy on Proper […]

Brazil: Use of Face Recognition Technology to Identify International Travelers at Airports

(Aug. 3, 2016) On August 1, 2016, the Brazilian Internal Revenue Service (Secretaria da Receita Federal, SRF) started to use a facial recognition system to identify international travelers arriving at airports in the country.  The goal is to expedite customs service procedures by the prior identification and selection for further inspection of passengers who present a […]

Brazil: Ten People Arrested on Suspicion of Terrorism

(July 26, 2016) On July 21, 2016, the Brazilian Federal Police arrested ten Brazilian nationals based on the recently enacted anti-terrorism law. (Lei No. 13.260, de 16 de Março de 2016 [Law 13,260 of March 16, 2016], PLANALTO; Eduardo Soares, Brazil: New Anti-Terrorism Law Enacted, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (Apr. 15, 2016).) They are suspected of preparing […]

Brazil: National Indicted on Suspicion of Planning Terrorist Attack

(June 20, 2016) In June 2016, the Brazilian Federal Police indicted an individual suspected of planning a terrorist attack in the country for three crimes — incitement to crime, violation of the law against religious prejudice, and breach of the national security law. (Penal Code, Law No. 2,848 (Dec. 7, 1940), art. 286, PLANALTO; Law on […]

Brazil: Sale of Incandescent Light Bulbs Prohibited

(June 17, 2016) The sale in Brazil of incandescent light bulbs, either domestically-produced or imported, will no longer be permitted as of June 30, 2016, pursuant to Inter-Ministerial Administrative Act No. 1,007 of December 31, 2010. (Portaria Interministerial No. 1.007 de 31 de Dezembro de 2010, Ministry of Mines and Energy website; Sabrina Craide, Lâmpadas Incandescentes Não Serão Mais Vendidas no País […]

Brazil: Registration of Babies Born from In Vitro Fertilization or Surrogacy

(Apr. 28, 2016) On March 14, 2016, Brazil’s National Internal Affairs Office (Corregedoria Nacional de Justica, CNJ) published Act No. 52,  regulating the issuance of a birth certificate for children whose parents opted for reproductive techniques such as in vitro fertilization and “pregnancy by substitution” (barriga de aluguel), which is better known as “surrogacy.” (Provimento No. […]

Brazil: New Anti-Terrorism Law Enacted

(Apr. 15, 2016) On March 16, 2016, Brazil enacted Law No. 13,260 to regulate section XLIII of article 5 of the Constitution, on terrorism. (Lei No. 13.260, de 16 de Março de 2016, PLANALTO; Constituição Federal [C.F.] (1988, as amended through Feb. 18, 2016), PLANALTO.) Section XLIII states that the law will regard the practice of […]

Brazil: Mandatory Final Assessment Test for Medical Program Graduates

(Apr. 14, 2016) Starting in August 2016, students of medicine in Brazil will have to pass an evaluation exam to graduate from the six-year course of medical studies at the college level.  The requirement was created in 2013 by Law No. 12,871, which determines that a specific assessment of med students must be made every […]