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Brazil: Harsh Punishment for Bad Drivers

(May 2, 2008) In Brazil, a driver who receives a certain number of negative points on his driver's license due to traffic violations may temporarily lose his license and be obligated to attend a driver's course in order to be able to retrieve the license drive again. In the near future, this may not be […]

Brazil: Electoral Propaganda Restricted

(May 2, 2008) The Brazilian Superior Electoral Tribunal (Tribunal Superior Eleitoral – TSE) will soon vote on an opinion (parecer técnico) in response to a consultation formulated by Federal Deputy José Aparecido de Oliveira questioning the legality of political candidates' using blogs, spam, telemarketing, cell phone messages, and Web site banners and links as well […]

Brazil; Spain: Protocol on Immigration

(May 2, 2008) On April 1, 2008, in Madrid, Brazil and Spain signed a Protocol on Immigration designed to put an end to the recent diplomatic crisis involving tourists of both countries. According to the document, both countries agree, inter alia , that tourists not admitted into either country will be allowed to contact the […]

Brazil: New President of Federal Supreme Court

(Apr. 2, 2008) On March 12, 2008, Justice Gilmar Mendes was elected to preside over the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court for the next two years and Justice Cezar Peluso was elected vice-president. Justice Mendes will also preside over the National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiça), a judicial agency responsible for the administrative and […]

Brazil: Federal Supreme Court Authorizes Extradition of Colombian Drug Trafficker to United States

(Apr. 2, 2008) On March 13, 2008, the Federal Supreme Court (FSC) of Brazil authorized the extradition of Colombian national Juan Carlos Ramirez Abadia, who is considered by the Brazilian Federal Police to be one of the biggest drug traffickers in the world. The request for Abadia's extradition was made by the Government of the […]

Brazil: Freedom of the Press

(Apr. 2, 2008) The Brazilian Federal Supreme Court preliminarily suspended for six months 20 articles of the Brazilian Press Law. Within this period, the highest court of Brazil will analyze the merit of the lawsuit and discuss all 70 articles of the law. At the end of this period, the court may decide to completely […]

Argentina; Brazil: Broad Range of Cooperation Agreements Signed

(Apr. 2, 2008) In February 2008, in Buenos Aires, the President of Brazil, Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva, and the President of Argentina, Cristina Fernandez Kirchner, signed cooperation agreements to battle poverty and hunger and to promote social justice, social inclusion, and decent jobs. The agreements cover macroeconomic coordination and sectoral policies; consultations on World […]

Brazil: Proposals to Amend Constitution to Be Voted on in 2008

(Mar. 2, 2008) In 2008, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies and the Federal Senate will vote, inter alia, on two proposals to amend the Constitution. The first proposal establishes that the number of Council Members (Vereadores) of a municipality is to be determined according to the amount of its tax collection. The second proposal addresses […]

Brazil: Government Decides to Charge for Official Gazettes

(Feb. 8, 2008) On October 23, 2007, the Director-General of the Brazilian National Press, Fernando Tolentino de Sousa Vieira, issued Administrative Act (Portaria) No. 275 establishing the commercialization of official gazettes and their electronic versions. In response, the national president of the Brazilian Bar Association, Cezar Britto, sent a letter to Vieira requesting the immediate […]

Brazil: Judges Will Have to Make Monthly Inspections in Penitentiaries

(Feb. 2, 2008) On December 18, 2007, the Brazilian National Council of Justice issued a resolution (Resolução No. 47 de 18 de Dezembro de 1007) determining that the judges responsible for the execution of criminal sentences (juízes de execução criminal) will have to make monthly personal inspections in the penitentiaries under their jurisdiction. According to […]