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Brazil: Supreme Court Allows Satire of Political Candidates

(June 26, 2018) On June 21, 2018, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court (Supremo Tribunal Federal, STF) ruled as unconstitutional provisions of the Elections Law that prevented radio and television broadcasters from running humorous programs ridiculing or lampooning candidates, political parties, and coalitions in the three months prior to an election. (Lei das Eleições, Lei No. […]

Brazil: Supreme Court Rules Federal Police Plea Bargains Are Constitutional

(June 25, 2018) On June 21, 2018, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court (Supremo Tribunal Federal, STF) ruled on a Direct Action of Unconstitutionality (Ação Direta de Inconstitucionalidade (ADI) 5508) proposed by the Public Prosecutor’s Office (Procuradoria Geral da República), holding that agents of the Federal Police (Delegados) could not make plea bargain agreements (acordos de […]

Brazil: New Law Creates Single Public Security System

(May 31, 2018) On May 16, 2018, the Brazilian Senate approved a proposal of law that would create the Single Public Security System (Sistema Único de Segurança Pública, SUSP). (Senado Aprova Projeto que Cria Sistema Unico de Segurança; Matéria Vai à Sanção, ISTO E (May 16, 2018).) The proposed law provides that federal, state, and municipal […]

Portugal: Change of Gender in the Civil Register for Certain Minors Vetoed by the President

(May 31, 2018) On May 9, 2018, the president of Portugal, Marcelo Rebelo de Sousa, vetoed a decree that had been approved by the Portuguese Parliament allowing a change of gender to be entered in the civil register for minors aged 16 to 18. (Decreto No. 203/XIII; Marieta Cazarré, Portugal Veta Mudança de Gênero no […]

Brazil: Eleven Indicted for Helping Terrorist Group Islamic State

(May 30, 2018) On May 17, 2018, the Federal Public Prosecutor’s Office (Ministério Público Federal, MPF) indicted (denunciou) 11 Brazilian citizens for the formation of a criminal organization and promotion of the terrorist group Islamic State. (MPF Denuncia 11 Brasileiros por Promover Estado Islâmico, ISTO E (May 17, 2018).) According to the newspaper O Estado […]

Brazil: Rio de Janeiro Regulates Ridesharing Services in the City

(May 30, 2018) On April 11, 2018, the Mayor of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, issued Decree No. 44399, regulating the use of the municipality’s road system for the economic operation by private individuals of paid-passenger transportation services (like Uber and Lyft) intermediated by digital platforms managed by transport companies (known as Provedoras de Redes de […]

Brazil: Penal Code Amended to Stop Attacks on ATM Machines

(May 2, 2018) In an effort to curb attacks on ATM machines throughout Brazil, President Michel Temer on April 23, 2015, promulgated Law No. 13,654 (Lei No. 13.654, de 23 de Abril de 2018, Presidency of the Republic of Brazil website), which amends the Penal Code (CÓDIGO PENAL, Decreto-Lei No. 2.848, de 7 de Dezembro […]

Brazil: Federal Supreme Court Authorizes Release of Pregnant Women in Pretrial Detention

(Mar. 15, 2018) On February 20, 2018, the second chamber of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court decided by a majority vote to grant collective habeas corpus to women currently in pretrial detention and place them under house arrest instead. This decision applies to all women prisoners in the national territory who are pregnant or mothers […]

Brazil: Federal Supreme Court Allows Transfer of Two Transvestites to Prisons Compatible with their Sexual Orientation

(Mar. 14, 2018) On February 19, 2018, Justice Luis Roberto Barroso of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court ruled in a habeas corpus proceeding that two persons who self-identified as transvestites and who had been placed in a men’s prison cell be transferred to a prison that is “compatible with their gender identity.” (Ministro determina transferência […]