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Bahrain: Royal Decree Amends Provisions on Constitutional Court

(Aug. 22, 2012) On August 15, 2012, the King of Bahrain issued a Royal Decree containing Law 38-2012, which amends Law 27-2002 concerning the establishment of the Constitutional Court. Law 38-2012 covers the structure of the Court and the duration of its terms of office. It declares that the Court shall consist of a chief […]

Bahrain: Court Decision Dissolves a Well-Known Shi’ite Non-Governmental Organization

(Aug. 2, 2012) On July 9, 2012, the Court of First Instance of Bahrain issued a decision dissolving “The Islamic Work Association,” considered to be one of the best known non-governmental organizations in Bahrain. In its decision, the court stated that the Association had violated the Bahraini Constitution by mixing religious, non-governmental work with political […]

Bahrain: Penalties Increased for Attacking Military Personnel

(July 20, 2012) Pursuant to articles 221 and 339 of the Bahrain Criminal Law No. 15 of 1976, an assault on the person of a public employee (including military personnel) during or because of the discharge of his duties is a crime punishable by incarceration of up to three years (habs) or a fine of […]

Bahrain: Constitutional Amendments Issued

(May 24, 2012) On May 22, 2012, the Asharq al-Awsat newspaper reported that the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia had hailed constitutional amendments issued by the monarch of Bahrain. The amendments had first been enacted by the Parliament, an elected institution, and the Shura Council, an appointed body, of Bahrain. (Saudi Arabia Hails the Constitutional Amendments […]

Bahrain: Law Banning Microphones Attached to Mosques Is Enforced

(Nov. 19, 2010) On October 21, 2010, the Bahraini Ministry of Homeland Security began enforcing a royal decree issued in 1999 that bans the use of all types of microphones attached to mosques. Muslim clerics in Bahrain have been shouting through microphones to announce the Muslim prayers. The purpose of the law is to prevent […]

Bahrain: Shura Council Prohibits Liquor Consumption by Muslims but Allows It for Non-Muslims

(May 18, 2010) On April 30, 2010, the Committee of Foreign Affairs and National Security of the Shura Council (legislature) of Bahrain approved a new provision as an amendment to the Penal Code, Law 15-1976. The new article regulates the use of all kinds of liquor in the Kingdom. It prohibits Muslims from drinking liquor […]

Bahrain: Military Personnel Allowed to Grow Beards

(May 2, 2008) Ending a prohibition going back 70 years, the Bahraini army has allowed military personnel to grow beards. According to the decision issued by the General Command Officer of the Bahraini Defense Force, Sheikh Khalifa bin Ahmed Al Khalifa, members of the armed forces will be allowed to grow beards starting the first […]