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European Union: Member States Disagree over Proposed Cybersecurity Directive

(June 12, 2015) A proposal by the European Commission, adopted in 2013, for a Directive on Network and Information Security (NIS) has recently failed to be endorsed by the Council of the European Union, due to disagreements among the Member States. (European Commission, Proposal for a Directive of the European Parliament and of the Council […]

European Union: EU Signs Agreement with Switzerland to End Banking Secrecy

(June 2, 2015) On May 27, 2015, the European Union and Switzerland signed a new tax transparency agreement. Pierre Moscovici, the EU Commissioner for Economic and Financial Affairs, Taxation and Customs, and Janis Reirs, Latvian Minister of Finance on behalf of the Latvian Presidency of the Council for the EU, and the Swiss State Secretary […]

Cyprus; European Court of Human Rights; Turkey: Interstate Application of Cyprus Against Turkey: Just Satisfaction Claims

(Mar. 13, 2015) On January 23, 2015, the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, in its annual report on human rights in Cyprus, described the concerns of a number of international and human rights bodies about the implementation of human rights standards on the island due to the “protracted conflict” there. […]

European Union; Greece: New Agreement on Financial Assistance

(Feb. 26, 2015) On February 20, 2015, the Eurozone members and the newly elected leftist Government of Greece, after tense negotiations, reached a new accord to extend the existing bailout agreement, formally known as the Master Financial Assistance Facility Agreement (MFAFA), for an additional four months. The extension had been requested by the Greek government […]

Court of Justice of the European Union: Draft Agreement on Future Accession to European Human Rights Convention

(Feb. 12, 2015) On December 18, 2014, the Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU) delivered its opinion on the compatibility with European Union law of the draft agreement on the future accession of the EU to the European Convention on Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms (“European Human Rights Convention” or “Convention”). The CJEU […]

Croatia; International Court of Justice; Serbia: Judgment in a Case on the Application of the Convention on Genocide

(Feb. 6, 2015) On February 3, 2015, the International Court of Justice (ICJ) in The Hague, Netherlands, issued a judgment on whether Serbia had committed the crime of genocide against Croatians and whether Croatia had committed genocide against Serbs. (Press Release, No. 2015/4, International Court of Justice, Application of the Convention on the Prevention and […]

European Union; Lithuania: Euro Zone Membership on January 1, 2015

(Dec. 18, 2014) Lithuania, after a long and arduous process, has been found by the European Commission and the European Central Bank to meet the required criteria and will join the euro zone on January 1, 2015; as of that date it will also adopt the euro as its currency. With the addition of Lithuania, […]

Court of Justice of the European Union: Evidence Required of Applicants for Asylum Persecuted for Homosexuality in Country of Origin

(Dec. 17, 2014) On December 2, 2014, the Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU) issued a judgment on a preliminary question posed by a court in the Netherlands, as to whether individuals who are persecuted for being homosexuals are eligible to apply for asylum in the EU. (Judgment of the Court (Grand Chamber): […]

Court of Justice of the European Union: Conscientious Objectors May Claim Asylum in the EU

(Nov. 24, 2014) On November 11, 2014, Eleanor Sharpton, the Advocate General (AG) of the Court of Justice of the European Union, issued an opinion in Case C-472/13, on the question of whether conscientious objectors are eligible to seek asylum in the EU. The Court held that non-combat military personnel may seek asylum in the […]

Bulgaria; European Union: Bank Depositors Denied Access to Their Deposits in Bulgaria

(Oct. 8, 2014) On September 25, 2014, the European Commission instituted infringement proceedings against Bulgaria arising from its failure to pay the claims of depositors at two closed banks. The Commission sent a letter of formal notice to Bulgarian authorities informing them that the country had committed two violations of European Union legislation: (a) incorrect […]