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Bangladesh: Ordinance to Create an Independent Election Commission

(Feb. 2, 2008) The Advisory Council of Bangladesh Government has approved the Election Commission Secretariat Ordinance 2008. The ordinance is designed to ensure the independence of the Election Commission Secretariat from the control of the Prime Minister's Office. It provides that the Election Commission Secretariat will have its own budget and will be responsible for […]

Bangladesh: Four Cabinet Members Resign

(Jan. 2, 2008) The caretaker government of Bangladesh dropped four advisors from the Cabinet on January 8 following their submission of resignations. The four advisors are the Law Adviser, the Health Adviser, the Power and Food Adviser, and the Industry Adviser. These advisors are the equivalent of cabinet ministers. The advisors mentioned to the news […]

Bangladesh: Human Rights Commission Created

(Jan. 2, 2008) On December 9, the Bangladesh National Human Rights Commission Ordinance of 2007 became law. It establishes the National Human Rights Commission. The Commission is empowered to investigate human rights violations and settle issues, or refer them to judiciary for further action. The selection committee is headed by an Appellate Division Justice, nominated […]

Bangladesh: Supreme Court Ruling on General Strikes

(Dec. 2, 2007) The Supreme Court of Bangladesh has reversed a 1999 High Court Bench ruling that violence or coercion for or against a general strike, known in Bangladesh as a "hartal," is illegal. In Bangladesh, the hartal is recognized as an instrument to articulate political demands. On February 15, 1999, a High Court Bench […]

India: Supreme Court Rules on Mandatory Marriage Registration

(Nov. 2, 2007) On October 25, 2007, the Supreme Court of India ruled that all marriages must be registered without any exception for any religion. The court directed all states and union territories to enact legislation within three months to make registration of all marriages compulsory. The Supreme Court in February 2006 had ordered states […]

Bangladesh: Judiciary Separated from Executive Control

(Nov. 2, 2007) Bangladesh formally declared the final separation of the government's executive and judicial functions on November 1, 2007, at a ceremony at which two separate magistracies for judicial and executive functions were inaugurated. Article 22 of the Bangladesh Constitution provides for independence of the Judiciary. In 1999 the Supreme Court directed that separation […]

Bangladesh: Mobile Court Ordinance 2007

(Nov. 2, 2007) "The Mobile Court Ordinance 2007, Ordinance No. 31, was published in the Bangladesh Gazette, October 29, 2007. The ordinance bars people from suing executive magistrates. It also empowers executive magistrates to perform certain judicial powers, including confiscating illegal goods and making decisions regarding confiscated perishable goods." The 2007 Mobile Court Ordinance created […]