Library of Congress

Law Library of Congress

The Library of Congress > Law Library > News & Events > Global Legal Monitor

Japan: Nationality Law Amended

(Dec. 17, 2008) The Diet (Japan's parliament) passed a bill to revise the Nationality Law on December 5, 2008. It was promulgated December 12 as Law No. 88 of 2008. Some parts of the amendment were effective upon the date of promulgation of the Law, and the rest will be effective 20 days later. The […]

South Korea: Government Values Diplomacy over Freedom of Speech Regarding Propaganda to the North

(Nov. 26, 2008) South Korean civic groups, such as the Fighters for Free North Korea and the Family Assembly Abducted to North Korea [sic], are reportedly sending about ten million copies of leaflets to North Korea in balloons every year. The leaflets contain messages stating, for example, that Kim Jong-il has suffered a stroke or […]

South Korea: Universal Health Plan and Citizens Abroad

(Nov. 19, 2008) Article 5 of the National Health Insurance Act of the Republic of Korea states that Korean nationals who reside in the country are national health insurance policyholders, unless their employers provide other health insurance. Recently, due to the increasing number of cases of overseas Koreans coming back to the country for a […]

Japan: Official Recognition of Ainu as Indigeneous People

(Sept. 5, 2008) The Diet (Japan's parliament) passed a resolution on June 6, 2008, to recognize the Ainu as an indigenous people. On the same day, Chief Cabinet Secretary Nobutaka Machimura released a comment on the resolution, in which he acknowledged the suffering of the Ainu and recognized them as an indigenous people. There are […]

South Korea: Doctors Can Disclose Gender of an Embryo

(Sept. 5, 2008) The Constitutional Court of South Korea ruled on July 31, 2008, that a Medical Law provision that bans doctors from telling parents the gender of their unborn babies is unconstitutional. The purpose of the provision is to remove gender imbalance and protect the lives of unborn babies by preventing gender-related abortions. Korean […]

Japan: New Insurance Law

(July 2, 2008) The Diet (Japan's Parliament) passed the new Insurance Law on May 30, 2008. The old law was enacted in 1911. At that time, the legislature did not foresee the spread of injury and illness insurance, and so there have not been specific provisions for such insurance. The life insurance part of the […]

Japan: Foreign Ship Navigation Within the Territorial Waters Law

(July 2, 2008) The Diet (Japan's Parliament) passed a new law on June 5, 2008, to regulate foreign ships' navigation within Japan's territorial waters. Japan did not previously have a law to control the movements of suspect foreign ships within its territorial sea, and so Japanese maritime officials could not conduct on-the-spot inspection of suspicious […]

South Korea: New Rule to Sell Old Munitions

(July 2, 2008) The Ministry of National Defense of South Korea has sold to the Philippines, Bangladesh, and Kazakhstan, at an extremely low price, old munitions that had been used for 30 to 40 years, including the F-5A/B Freedom Fighter. The unit price was typically US$100. With the number of countries requesting to purchase the […]

Japan: Acceptance of Indonesian Healthcare Workers Based on Agreement

(June 2, 2008) Japan and Indonesia signed the Agreement for an Economic Partnership (EPA) on August 20, 2007, under which Japan agreed to issue visas and allow resident status for qualified Indonesian nurses and nursing-care workers. The workers will receive Japanese language classes for six months. Then, they will work at hospitals and nursing homes […]