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International: Electronic Apostille Program Developments

(Mar. 16, 2017) From November 2-4, 2016, the Hague Conference on Private International Law (HCCH) held a Special Commission meeting to review the practical operation of the Hague Convention Abolishing the Requirement of Legalisation for Foreign Public Documents. Better-known as the Apostille Convention, this international instrument entered into force on January 24, 1965, and currently […]

United States: Conventions Proposed by U.N. Commission on International Trade Law Submitted to Senate for Ratification

(Feb. 14, 2017) On November 16, 2016, the U.S. State Department’s Advisory Committee on Private International Law held its annual meeting to discuss ongoing work involving the negotiation and drafting of instruments governing private cross-border transactions. The Committee announced that it had sent transmittal letters for each of several treaty documents to the Senate in […]

Slovenia: Mechanisms Introduced for Stricter Border Control of Refugee Influx

(Feb. 9, 2017) On January 26, 2017, the Parliament of Slovenia adopted amendments to the laws on aliens and on state border control that if implemented would allow the government to introduce a special temporary system of border checks and prevent the admission of refugees into the country. (Slovenia Passes Law Allowing Migrant Border Pushbacks, […]

Armenia: Relocation of Legal Entities Introduced

(Feb. 2, 2017) On December 17, 2016, legislative amendments on re-domiciliation of foreign companies to Armenia came into effect. (Law No. 207-N of Nov. 17, 2016, OFFICIAL GAZETTE, No. 88 (Dec. 7, 2016), Armenian Legal Information System (ARLIS) database (in Armenian).) The amendments affected both the Civil Code and the Law on Registration of Legal […]

Latvia: New Regulations on Drone Operation

(Jan. 26, 2017) The Cabinet of Ministers of Latvia adopted regulations on the operation of unmanned aerial vehicles on November 22, 2016. (Decision No. 737 of Nov. 22, 2016, LATVIJAS VĒSTNESIS [LATVIAN OFFICIAL GAZETTE], No. 231 (Nov. 28, 2016) (in Latvian).)  The new regulations require the drones to have special markings that include the full […]

Lithuania: Military Conscription Reinstated

(Dec. 16, 2016)  On September 1, 2016, the Law on Compulsory Military Duty, which was signed by the President of Lithuania in June, entered into force, and it will be valid for the next five years.  The Law will require legislative reauthorization every five years in order to remain in effect.  (Press Release, Office of […]

Georgia: Military Conscription Terminated

(Oct. 31, 2016) On June 27, 2016, the Minister of Defense of Georgia signed an order cancelling compulsory military service and creating armed forces based solely on voluntary recruitment. The order was issued almost a year ahead of a planned legislative amendment on creating a professional Georgian military that was debated in the Georgian Parliament. […]

Russia: New Requirements for Firearms Operation Licenses

(Sept. 27, 2016) In July 2016, the most recent amendments to the Russian Federal Law on Weapons entered into force. (Federal Law No. 227-FZ of July 3, 2016 on Amendments to Certain Legislative Acts of the Russian Federation and the Repeal of Certain Legislative Acts (Provisions of Legal Acts) of the Russian Federation in Connection […]

Tajikistan: Fines for Language Mistakes

(Sept. 26, 2016) On August 1, 2016, the State Committee on Language and Terminology under Tajikistan’s Cabinet of Ministers announced that it will issue fines for violating Tajik language norms and using words in the Farsi language that are not clearly understood by the audience of print and broadcast media. The fine will be in […]

Georgia: New Legislation Simplifies Tax Code

(Sept. 2, 2016) On May 13, 2016, the Parliament of Georgia unanimously approved amendments to the country’s Tax Code. (Law of Georgia No. 5092 on Amendments to the Tax Code of Georgia, MATSNE.GOV.GE (June 1, 2016) (official publication) (in Georgian).) The amendments mainly address corporate income taxation of profit-sharing companies, aligning the national tax system […]