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Mexico: Supreme Court Upholds Gasoline and Diesel Tax

(June 2, 2008) Mexico's Supreme Court of Justice validated most of the fiscal reform package, known as the gasolinazo, “gasoline boom,” on May 12, 2008. The Court upheld the new federal tax that the public has had to pay since January 2008 when buying gasoline and diesel. The Court considered that the new federal tax […]

Mexico: Energy Reform Bill Submitted

(Apr. 2, 2008) President Felipe Calderón submitted an energy reform bill to the Mexican Congress on April 9, 2008. In a broadcast address to the nation, he pointed out that the object of the reform is to make the best possible use of the potential of the country's oil industry and to strengthen Petróleos Mexicanos […]

Mexico: New Electoral Code

(Mar. 2, 2008) The Mexican Government officially published a new federal electoral law on January 14, 2008. The Federal Code of Electoral Institutions and Procedures (COFIPE) supersedes the Code that had been in force since August 1990. Among the innovations in the new Code are a separate chapter on transparency; regulation of the use of […]

Mexico: Law on National Symbols Amended

(Mar. 2, 2008) An amendment to Mexico's Law on the Coat of Arms, the Flag, and the National Anthem that was passed in January of 2008 mandates that under no circumstances may a reproduction of the coat of arms of the nation be altered or changed. Although the coat of arms may be used on […]

Central America: Presidents Sign Customs Union Agreement

(Mar. 2, 2008) The presidents of the five Central American republics that make up the Central American Integration System (SICA) signed an agreement in Guatemala City, on December 12, 2007, on the establishment of a customs union to create a free trade zone in the region. The document has to be ratified by the congresses […]

Mexico: Government Promulgates Law Against Human Trafficking

(Dec. 2, 2007) The Mexican Federal Government promulgated the Law to Prevent and Punish Trade in People on November 27, 2007, effective the same day, its official date of publication, President Felipe Calderón announced the Law's publication the day before, during a commemoration of the International Day for the Elimination of Violence Against Women. The […]

Mexico; United States: Memorandum of Understanding on Exchange of Criminal Information

(Nov. 2, 2007) On September 19, 2007, Mexico and the United States signed a memorandum of understanding to collaborate in areas of training and exchange of information on criminal matters and experience in oral trials. The memorandum was signed by American prosecutors Gary King and Lawrence Wasden from New Mexico and Idaho, respectively, and by […]

Mexico: Fiscal Reform Measures Published in Federal Official Gazette

(Nov. 2, 2007) On October 1, 2007, the Mexican government officially published a fiscal reform package to increase the government's revenue. The fiscal laws amended are: the Income Tax Law, the Federal Fiscal Code, the Special Tax Law on Production and Services, and the Value-Added Tax Law. The package newly establishes an employment subsidy; the […]

Cuba; Honduras: Cooperation Agreement

(Nov. 2, 2007) The Cuban Minister of Foreign Investment and Economic Cooperation, Martha Lomas, and the Honduran Minister for Technical Matters and International Cooperation, Karen Zelaya, recently signed an agreement of cooperation that includes joint programs for scholarships, educational training, internships, and technical visits. The agreement also covers expert technical assistance in areas of special […]