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France: Six French Citizens Prohibited from Leaving Under New Anti-Terrorism Law

(Feb. 26, 2015) A key provision of a new antiterrorism law was recently applied for the first time in France, when authorities confiscated the passports of six would-be jihadist fighters who were believed to be about to leave for Syria. (Six djihadistes français sur le depart privés de passeports [Passports Taken Away from Six Jihadists […]

France: Law on Public Exposure to Electromagnetic Waves Adopted

(Feb. 5, 2015) The French parliament recently adopted a law regulating public exposure to electromagnetic waves. (Proposition de loi relative à la sobriété, à la transparence, à l’information et à la concertation en matière d’exposition aux ondes électromagnétiques, Texte définitif [Proposed Law on Sobriety, Transparency, Information and Consultation on Exposure to Electromagnetic Waves, Final Text], […]

France: Law on Administrative Simplification Implemented

(Dec. 2, 2014) France has recently implemented a law reversing the presumption of denial that had applied in most dealings between the French administration and the public. Previously, the general rule was that a governmental agency was deemed to have refused a request if the agency had not responded within two months. (Mathilde Damgé, Administration: […]

European Court of Human Rights; France: Prohibition of Unionization of Military Personnel Condemned

(Oct. 24, 2014) In two related decisions, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) has found that France’s prohibition on military unionization violates the European Convention of Human Rights. (Matelly v. France, Eur. Ct. H.R. (Oct. 2, 2014), Application No. 10609/10, HUDOC; Adefdromil v. France, Eur. Ct. H.R. (Oct. 2, 2014), Application No. 32191/09, HUDOC.) […]

France: Legislation Requiring Plain Packaging for Cigarettes to Be Developed

(Oct. 8, 2014) The French Health Minister has announced a new plan to reduce tobacco use in France by requiring that cigarettes be sold in plain packs. (Press Kit, Programme National de Réduction du Tabagisme [National Program for the Reduction of Tobacco Use], Ministry of Social Affairs, Health, and Women’s Rights (Sept. 25, 2014).) Under […]

France: Legislators Considering New Law to Fight Terrorism

(Sept. 30, 2014) French legislators are currently considering a proposed new law to reinforce the legal arsenal against terrorism. (Projet de loi renforçant les dispositions relatives à la lutte contre leterrorisme [Draft Law to Reinforce Provisions Regarding the Fight Against Terrorism], No. 2110 (July 9, 2014), Assemblée nationale website.) This draft law was adopted by […]

France: Major Reform of Penal Code

(Sept. 2, 2014) An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 août 2014 relative à l’individualisation des peines et renforçant l’efficacité des sanctions pénales [Law No. 2014-896 of August 15, 2014, on the Individualization of Sentencing and Reinforcing the Efficacy of Penal […]

France: Government Must Apply Law Requiring Anonymous Job Applications

(July 30, 2014) The Conseil d’Etat, France’s highest jurisdiction for administrative matters, recently ordered the government to implement a 2006 anti-discrimination law requiring employers of more than 50 employees to anonymize job applications. (CE [Conseit d’Etat], 9 juillet 2014, M.A… et autres, Nos. 345253, 352987, & 373610.) The Court’s July 9, 2014, decision is mainly […]

European Court of Human Rights; France: Recent Court Decisions on Islamic Veil Bans

(July 11, 2014) The European Court of Human Rights has recently ruled that the French ban on veiling one’s face in public does not breach the European Convention on Human Rights. (S.A.S. v. France, Eur. Ct. H.R. (July 1, 2014), Application No. 43835/11.) This ruling ends a case regarding a 2010 French law banning concealment […]

Belgium: Class Action Lawsuits Introduced

(June 26, 2014) On March 28, 2014, the Federal Parliament of Belgium enacted a law adding a new section on “collective compensation action” to the Code of Economic Law. The new title on collective compensation action will be part of Book XVII, Special Jurisdictional Procedures of the Code. (Loi portant insertion d’un titre 2 “De […]