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France: Constitutional Court Confirms Legal Obligation to Vaccinate Children

(June 23, 2015) On March 20, 2015, the Conseil constitutionnel (Constitutional Council) found that the French legal requirement for parents to have their children vaccinated against diphtheria, tetanus, and poliomyelitis was constitutionally valid. (Conseil Constitutionnel (Constitutional Council), Decision No. 2015-458 QPC, Epoux L. (Mar. 20, 2015), Conseil Constitutionnel website.) The Conseil constitutionnel is the French […]

European Court of Human Rights; France: Ruling on French Case of Discontinuation of Treatment

(June 17, 2015) On June 5, 2015, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR), in the case of Lambert and Others v. France, held by a majority opinion that the application of the French Conseil d’État decision of June 24, 2014, allowing the discontinuation of life-sustaining treatment to Vincent Lambert, would […]

France: Comedian Condemned for Hate Speech and Condoning Terrorism

(Mar. 26, 2015) The controversial French comedian Dieudonné M’Bala M’Bala, known simply as Dieudonné, has been the subject of a recent prosecution for a statement condoning terrorism and of several prosecutions involving hate speech. These cases were principally governed by the Law of July 29, 1881, on Freedom of the Press, which is considered one […]

France: Germanwings Crash Being Investigated as Homicide

(Mar. 26, 2015) The March 25, 2015, crash of a Germanwings flight in the French Alps is being investigated as a potential involuntary homicide. (Crash de l’A320: Hollande, Merkel et Rajoy se recueillent sur les lieux du drame [A320 Crash: Hollande, Merkel and Rajoy Gather to Mourn on the Location of the Disaster], LE POINT […]

France: Six French Citizens Prohibited from Leaving Under New Anti-Terrorism Law

(Feb. 26, 2015) A key provision of a new antiterrorism law was recently applied for the first time in France, when authorities confiscated the passports of six would-be jihadist fighters who were believed to be about to leave for Syria. (Six djihadistes français sur le depart privés de passeports [Passports Taken Away from Six Jihadists […]

France: Law on Public Exposure to Electromagnetic Waves Adopted

(Feb. 5, 2015) The French parliament recently adopted a law regulating public exposure to electromagnetic waves. (Proposition de loi relative à la sobriété, à la transparence, à l’information et à la concertation en matière d’exposition aux ondes électromagnétiques, Texte définitif [Proposed Law on Sobriety, Transparency, Information and Consultation on Exposure to Electromagnetic Waves, Final Text], […]

France: Law on Administrative Simplification Implemented

(Dec. 2, 2014) France has recently implemented a law reversing the presumption of denial that had applied in most dealings between the French administration and the public. Previously, the general rule was that a governmental agency was deemed to have refused a request if the agency had not responded within two months. (Mathilde Damgé, Administration: […]

European Court of Human Rights; France: Prohibition of Unionization of Military Personnel Condemned

(Oct. 24, 2014) In two related decisions, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) has found that France’s prohibition on military unionization violates the European Convention of Human Rights. (Matelly v. France, Eur. Ct. H.R. (Oct. 2, 2014), Application No. 10609/10, HUDOC; Adefdromil v. France, Eur. Ct. H.R. (Oct. 2, 2014), Application No. 32191/09, HUDOC.) […]

France: Legislation Requiring Plain Packaging for Cigarettes to Be Developed

(Oct. 8, 2014) The French Health Minister has announced a new plan to reduce tobacco use in France by requiring that cigarettes be sold in plain packs. (Press Kit, Programme National de Réduction du Tabagisme [National Program for the Reduction of Tobacco Use], Ministry of Social Affairs, Health, and Women’s Rights (Sept. 25, 2014).) Under […]

France: Legislators Considering New Law to Fight Terrorism

(Sept. 30, 2014) French legislators are currently considering a proposed new law to reinforce the legal arsenal against terrorism. (Projet de loi renforçant les dispositions relatives à la lutte contre leterrorisme [Draft Law to Reinforce Provisions Regarding the Fight Against Terrorism], No. 2110 (July 9, 2014), Assemblée nationale website.) This draft law was adopted by […]