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Chad/Senegal: Former Chad Dictator Hissène Habré Prosecuted

(Oct. 8, 2015) On September 7, 2015, the trial of the former leader of Chad, Hissène Habré, resumed, following a 45-day delay of the proceedings. Habré, who was dictator of Chad from 1982 to 1990, is facing charges of crimes against humanity, war crimes, and torture before the Extraordinary African Chamber, an ad hoc tribunal, in Senegal. […]

Republic of the Congo: President Announces Referendum on New Constitution

(Oct. 1, 2015) On September 22, 2015, Denis Sassou Nguesso, the President of the Republic of the Congo, announced that a referendum would be held on the adoption of a new Constitution. (Congo: Denis Sassou Nguesso annonce un référendum sur un projet de nouvelle Constitution [Congo: Denis Sassou Nguesso Announces Referendum on a Project for […]

France: National Assembly Adopts Immigration Bill

(Sept. 9, 2015) The French National Assembly (Assemblée nationale, one of the two houses of the French Parliament) approved legislation on immigration on July 23, 2015. (Projet de loi relatif au droit des étrangers en France [Bill on the Rights of Foreigners in France], Senat [Senate] website (last visited Sept. 9, 2015).) The legislation, which […]

African Union; Chad; Senegal: Former Chad Dictator Hissene Habre’s Trial Adjourned to September

(July 28, 2015) On July 21, 2015, the trial of the former President of Chad, Hissène Habré, before the Extraordinary African Chambers (EAC) in Dakar, Senegal, was adjourned to September 7, 2015. (Diadie Ba, Trial of Chad’s Habre Suspended After Boycott by His Lawyers, REUTERS (July 21, 2015).) Habré had to be forced to appear […]

African Union; Chad; Senegal: Former Chad Dictator Hissene Habre’s Trial Opens in Dakar

(July 21, 2015) On July 20, 2015, the trial of former Chadian President Hissène Habré before the Extraordinary African Chambers (EAC) opened in Dakar, Senegal. He is facing accusations of crimes against humanity, torture, and war crimes. Habré denies being responsible for the thousands of deaths and the systematic torture that allegedly occurred during his […]

Belgium; European Court of Human Rights: Belgium Condemned for Degrading Treatment of Roma Family of Asylum Seekers

(July 16, 2015) On July 7, 2015, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) rendered a Chamber judgment in the case of V.M. and Others v. Belgium, in which the majority held that Belgium had violated article 3 (prohibition of inhuman or degrading treatment) of the European Convention on Human Rights and article 13 (right […]

France; France: Parliament Adopts New Surveillance Legislation

(July 10, 2015) Controversial national intelligence and surveillance legislation was adopted by the French Senate on June 23, 2015, and by the National Assembly on June 24, 2015. (Police et sécurité: renseignement, Assemblée Nationale website (last visited July 9, 2015).) This action follows a long legislative process that involved the establishment of a joint commission […]

Luxembourg: Three Referendum Questions Voted Down

(July 7, 2015) On June 7, 2015, voters in the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg were called to vote by referendum on three questions related to the drafting of a new Constitution: (1) the optional right to vote for Luxembourgers from 16 years of age, (2) the optional right to vote for non-Luxembourg residents, provided that […]

France: Constitutional Court Rules on Car-Hiring Services Legislation

(June 30, 2015) There have been some important recent developments on the legal status of chauffeured vehicles for hire in France. Probably the most significant came in the form of a constitutional challenge to Law No. 2014-1104 of October 1, 2014, on Taxis and Chauffeured Transport Vehicles, commonly called the Loi Thévenoud (Thévenoud Law), the […]

Chad: New Governmental Measures Following Two Suicide Bombings

(June 25, 2015) On June 19, 2015, Prime Minister Kalzeubet Payimi Deubet of Chad announced that his government was imposing new measures to enhance security in the country, notably the issuance of new identity cards and passports and the prohibition of activities along the Chari River from Gassi to Karkandjéri, including clothes washing. Police forces […]