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France: Statute of Limitations Extended for Criminal Offenses

(Mar. 21, 2017) On February 27, 2017, the French President signed into law a bill that extends the statute of limitations for criminal matters. (Loi n° 2017-242 du 27 février 2017 portant réforme de la prescription en matière pénale [Law No. 2017-242 of 27 February 2017, Reforming the Statutes of Limitations for Criminal Matters], LEGIFRANCE.) […]

France: Law to Help Youth Transition to Adulthood and to Further Equality

(Mar. 20, 2017) At the end of January 2017, the French President promulgated a new law aimed at helping young people successfully transition into adulthood. (Loi n° 2017-86 du 27 janvier 2017 relative à l’égalité et à la citoyenneté [Law No. 2017-86 of 27 January 2017 Regarding Equality and Citizenship], LEGIFRANCE.) The law is organized […]

France: Right to Disconnect Takes Effect

(Jan. 13, 2017) The “right to disconnect” came into effect in France on January 1, 2017. (Clémentine Maligorne, Travail: vous avez désormais le droit de vous déconnecter [Work : You Have the Right to Disconnect], LE FIGARO (Jan. 4, 2017).) This refers to the right of employees to not have to take calls or read emails […]

France: State of Emergency Extended to July 2017

(Dec. 29, 2016) On December 15, 2016, the French Parliament adopted legislation extending the “state of emergency” to July 15, 2017. (Loi n° 2016-1767 du 19 décembre 2016 prorogeant l’application de la loi n° 55-385 du 3 avril 1955 relative à l’état d’urgence (1) [Law No. 2016-1767 of 19 December 2016 Extending the Application of […]

France: Justice Reforms Adopted

(Dec. 6, 2016) On October 12, 2016, the French Parliament adopted a law reforming various aspects of the French justice system. The President promulgated the law on November 18.  (Loi n° 2016-1547 du 18 novembre 2016 de modernisation de la justice du XXIe siècle (1) [Law No. 2016-1547 of 18 November 2016 to Modernize XXIst […]

Côte d’Ivoire: New Constitution Adopted

(Nov. 25, 2016) Alassane Ouattara, the President of Côte d’Ivoire, promulgated a new Constitution on November 8, 2016.  (Côte d’Ivoire: Alassane Ouattara promulgue la nouvelle Constitution [Côte d’Ivoire: Alassane Ouattara Promulgates the New Constitution], JEUNE AFRIQUE (Nov. 8, 2016); Loi No. 2016-886 portant Constitution de la République de Côte d’Ivoire [Law No. 2016-886 Establishing the […]

France: Controversial Labor Law Reform Adopted

(Oct. 14, 2016) On August 9, 2016, French President Francois Hollande signed into law a significant reform of France’s labor laws. (Loi n° 2016-1088 du 8 août 2016 relative au travail, à la modernisation du dialogue social et à la sécurisation des parcours professionnels (1) [Law No. 2016-1088 of 8 August 2016 on Labor, Modernization […]

France: Seized Cell Phone Data Can Be Used

(Sept. 29, 2016) On August 12, 2016, a judge of the Conseil d’État (the highest administrative jurisdiction in France) authorized the use of the data stored in a cell phone that had been seized during a search ordered on the basis of the Law on the State of Emergency.  (CE, ordonnance du 12 août 2016, […]

France: Continuous Video Surveillance of Prisoner Maintained

(Sept. 13, 2016) The Conseil d’État (the highest administrative jurisdiction in France) has rejected a request to suspend continuous video surveillance of Salah Abdeslam, an imprisoned suspect in the Paris and Saint-Denis terrorist attacks that took place on November 13, 2015. (Vidéosurveillance en prison [Video Surveillance in Prison], Conseil d’État [Council of State] website, (July 28, […]

Madagascar: Controversial Mass Media Code Approved

(Sept. 9, 2016) A draft law on a Code of Media Communication was adopted by Madagascar’s Senate and National Assembly on July 13, 2016, and July 14, 2016, respectively. (Loi no 2016-029 portant Code de la Communication Médiatisée [Law 2016-029 Establishing the Code of Media Communication] (Code de la Communication Médiatisée), National Assembly website (July […]