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France: Administrative Courts Issue Differing Decisions on Legality of Publicly-Financed Nativity Scenes

(Nov. 16, 2017) On October 5 and 6, 2017, two French administrative courts reached different conclusions in separate cases concerning the legality of government-sponsored Christmas nativity scenes. On October 5, 2017, the Tribunal administratif (Administrative Court) of Lyon ruled that a decision by the President of the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region to install a nativity scene on the […]

France: Advocacy Group Files Criminal Complaint Against Alleged Planned Obsolescence Practices

(Nov. 1, 2017) An advocacy group in France has filed a criminal complaint against several manufacturers of computer printers, including Epson, HP, and Canon, for selling products allegedly designed with a planned obsolescence. (Isabelle de Foucaud, Obsolescence programmée: une plainte déposée contre des fabricants d’imprimantes [Planned Obsolescence: Lawsuit Filed Against Printer Manufacturers], LE FIGARO (Sept. […]

France: New Labor Reforms Adopted

(Oct. 25, 2017) On September 22, 2017, President Emmanuel Macron of France signed a series of five executive ordinances bringing major changes to the country’s Labor Code. (Emmanuel Macron signe les ordonnances réformant le droit du travail [Emmanuel Macron Signs the Ordinances Reforming Labor Law], LE MONDE (Sept. 22, 2017).)  These five ordinances are: Ordinance […]

Togo: Referendum to Be Held on Constitutional Reform

(Sept. 28, 2017) On September 15, 2017, the Law Commission of the Togolese National Assembly began discussing a draft bill to amend the country’s Constitution. (Togo: que contient l’avant-projet de loi sur la réforme de la Constitution? [Togo: What Is in the Draft Bill on Constitutional Reform?], RFI AFRIQUE (Sept. 14, 2017).)  The National Assembly […]

Belgium/European Court of Human Rights: Ban on Full-Face Veil in Public Does Not Violate European Convention on Human Rights

(Aug. 30, 2017) On July 11, 2017, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) unanimously ruled that Belgium’s ban on wearing an Islamic full-face veil in public does not violate the European Convention on Human Rights. (Affaire Belcacemi et Oussar c. Belgique [Case of Belcacemi and Oussar v. Belgium], Judgment (July 11 2017), Application No. […]

France: Final Extension of State of Emergency

(Aug. 24, 2017) On July 6, 2017, the French Parliament adopted, in a 137-13 vote of the General Assembly, an extension of the current “state of emergency” for the sixth time since November 2015. This extension entered into force on July 15 and is set to expire on November 1, 2017. (Le Parlement vote la […]

Luxembourg: Law on Use of Resources in Space Adopted

(Aug. 22, 2017) The Luxembourg Chamber of Deputies adopted a law on the exploration of space and the use of space resources on July 13, 2017; the Grand Duke signed the law on July 20, 2017. (Loi du 20 juillet 2017 sur l’exploration et l’utilisation des ressources de l’espace [Law of 20 July 2017 on the […]

Mali: Referendum on Constitutional Amendments Postponed

(Aug. 10, 2017) On June 2, 2017, the National Assembly of Mali approved a bill to amend the 1992 Constitution, as President Ibrahim Boubacar Keita earlier this year had announced would occur. (Antoine Le Goff, Mali: les enjeux d’une révision constitutionnelle qui suscite l’opposition [Mali: The Constitutional Amendments’ Issues Awakens the Opposition], LE MONDE (June 16, […]

France: Government Submits Bills on Ethics and Transparency in Politics

(June 20, 2017) On June 14, 2017, the French government submitted two bills to the French Senate on reinforcing rules of ethics and transparency in the political sphere. (Projet de loi organique (procédure accélérée) rétablissant la confiance dans l’action publique [Bill for an Organic Law (Accelerated Procedure) to Re-Establish Confidence in Public Action], No. 580, […]

France: Statute of Limitations Extended for Criminal Offenses

(Mar. 21, 2017) On February 27, 2017, the French President signed into law a bill that extends the statute of limitations for criminal matters. (Loi n° 2017-242 du 27 février 2017 portant réforme de la prescription en matière pénale [Law No. 2017-242 of 27 February 2017, Reforming the Statutes of Limitations for Criminal Matters], LEGIFRANCE.) […]