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French Government Plans to Introduce Proportional Representation

(May 22, 2018) On April 4, 2018, French Prime Minister Édouard Philippe announced the government’s plans to reform the country’s Constitution and especially the electoral system. This proposed reform would implement one of President Emmanuel Macron’s campaign promises to take steps towards a more representative and effective Parliament. (Baisse du nombre de parlementaires, proportionnelle… tout […]

France: Government Announces Reforms of Judicial System

(Apr. 27, 2018) On April 20, 2018, the French Minister of Justice announced that the government planned to submit a bill to reform the country’s judicial system. (Compte-rendu du Conseil des ministers du vendredi 20 avril 2018: Projet de Loi, Renforcement de l’organisation des juridictions et programmation pour la justice 2018–2022 [Minutes of the Council […]

France: Government Announces National Plan to Prevent Radicalization

(Feb. 26, 2018) In a speech given on February 23, 2018, the French Prime Minister, Edouard Philippe, announced a national plan against Islamic radicalization. (Edouard Philippe, Prime Minister of France, Address before the Interministerial Committee for the Prevention of Delinquency and Radicalization (CIPDR): Présentation du Plan national de prévention de la radicalisation [Presentation of the […]

France: Constitutional Court Strikes Down Prohibition on Accessing Terrorist Websites

(Jan. 17, 2018) On December 15, 2017, France’s Conseil constitutionnel (Constitutional Court) struck down a legislative provision prohibiting access to websites that support terrorism. (Conseil Constitutionnel, Decision No. 2017-682 QPC, Dec. 15, 2017, CONSEIL CONSTITUTIONNEL.) The provision, which was part of a security law adopted in February 2017, prohibited “habitual” access to websites that supported […]

France: Special Security Measures Declared Unconstitutional

(Dec. 20, 2017) In a decision handed down on December 1, 2017, France’s Conseil constitutionnel (Constitutional Court) examined the legality of security measures that allowed local prefects to establish special security zones within which law enforcement officers could check people’s identification papers and search their bags and vehicles without cause. (Conseil Constitutionnel [CC] Decision No. […]

France: State of Emergency Officially Ends as New Security Measures Come Into Force

(Nov. 29, 2017) The state of emergency declared by the French government following the Paris terrorist attacks of November 13, 2015, and renewed several times since, finally expired on November 1, 2017. (Jean-Baptiste Jacquin & Julia Pascual, Deux ans après, la fin de l’état d’urgence [Two Years Later, the End of the State of Emergency], […]

France: Administrative Courts Issue Differing Decisions on Legality of Publicly-Financed Nativity Scenes

(Nov. 16, 2017) On October 5 and 6, 2017, two French administrative courts reached different conclusions in separate cases concerning the legality of government-sponsored Christmas nativity scenes. On October 5, 2017, the Tribunal administratif (Administrative Court) of Lyon ruled that a decision by the President of the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region to install a nativity scene on the […]

France: Advocacy Group Files Criminal Complaint Against Alleged Planned Obsolescence Practices

(Nov. 1, 2017) An advocacy group in France has filed a criminal complaint against several manufacturers of computer printers, including Epson, HP, and Canon, for selling products allegedly designed with a planned obsolescence. (Isabelle de Foucaud, Obsolescence programmée: une plainte déposée contre des fabricants d’imprimantes [Planned Obsolescence: Lawsuit Filed Against Printer Manufacturers], LE FIGARO (Sept. […]

France: New Labor Reforms Adopted

(Oct. 25, 2017) On September 22, 2017, President Emmanuel Macron of France signed a series of five executive ordinances bringing major changes to the country’s Labor Code. (Emmanuel Macron signe les ordonnances réformant le droit du travail [Emmanuel Macron Signs the Ordinances Reforming Labor Law], LE MONDE (Sept. 22, 2017).)  These five ordinances are: Ordinance […]

Togo: Referendum to Be Held on Constitutional Reform

(Sept. 28, 2017) On September 15, 2017, the Law Commission of the Togolese National Assembly began discussing a draft bill to amend the country’s Constitution. (Togo: que contient l’avant-projet de loi sur la réforme de la Constitution? [Togo: What Is in the Draft Bill on Constitutional Reform?], RFI AFRIQUE (Sept. 14, 2017).)  The National Assembly […]