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Malawi: Parliament Passes Law Allowing Dual Citizenship

(Dec. 27, 2018) On December 12, 2018, Malawi’s 193-member unicameral National Assembly reportedly passed the Malawi Citizenship Amendment Bill to amend the 1966 Citizenship Act (hereinafter “the Principal Act”). If enacted, the new law would permit Malawians who have acquired the citizenship of other countries to retain their Malawi citizenship. (Malawi Parliament Passes Bill Allowing […]

South Africa: National Assembly Passes Copyright Amendment Bill, Adopts Expansive Fair Use Exception

(Dec. 21, 2018) On December 5, 2018, South Africa’s National Assembly, one of the houses of the country’s bicameral legislature, passed the Copyright Amendment Bill, 2017, which seeks to amend the 1978 Copyright Act. (Mercedes Besent, Copyright Amendment Bill Passed, SABC NEWS (Dec. 6, 2018); Copyright Act No. 98 of 1978 (hereinafter “the principal Act”), National […]

South Africa: National Minimum Wage Bill Enacted

(Nov. 30, 2018) On November 26, 2018, South African President Cyril Ramaphosa signed into law the National Minimum Wage Bill (now the National Minimum Wage Act), which the National Assembly and the National Council of Provinces, the two houses of the country’s Parliament, passed on May 29 and August 21, 2018, respectively. (South Africa’s Ramaphosa […]

Zimbabwe: Court Declares Law Empowering Police to Ban Public Demonstrations Indefinitely Unconstitutional

(Nov. 20, 2018) On October 18, 2018, the Constitutional Court of Zimbabwe, the highest court in the land on all constitutional matters, found unconstitutional a provision in the 2002 Public Order and Security Act (POSA) that essentially empowers local police to indefinitely ban public demonstrations in their jurisdictions.  (Carmel Richkard, A New Chapter for Human Rights […]

Kenya: Parliament Considering Amendment to the Country’s 2001 Children Act

(Oct. 5, 2018) Kenya’s Parliament is currently reviewing a new bill—the Statute Law (Miscellaneous Amendments) Bill, 2018—which seeks to introduce key amendments to the 2001 Children Act. The Bill has recently gone through its first reading in the National Assembly, one of the two houses of the Kenyan Parliament. (Statute Law (Miscellaneous Amendments) Bill, 2018, […]

Nigeria: Constitution Amended to Allow Independent Candidacy, Lower Age Requirement for Holding Elected Offices

(June 11, 2018) On May 31, 2018, the seventy-five-year-old Nigerian President Muhammadu Buhari signed into law a bill amending the 1999 Constitution, the implementation of which will lower the minimum age requirements for competing for and holding key elected offices both at federal and state levels. The new law will also allow individuals to stand for […]

Nigeria: President Vetoes Electoral Act (Amendment) Bill

(Apr. 4, 2018) On March 13, 2018, Nigerian President Muhammadu Buhari, citing a number of concerns, vetoed  the Electoral Act (Amendment) Bill, a proposal aimed at making changes to the 2010 Electoral Act. (Taiwo Adisa, Buhari Withholds Assent to Electoral Act Amendment Bill Rearranging Elections Order, NIGERIAN TRIBUNE (Mar. 13, 2018); Electoral Act 6 of 2010 (Aug. […]

Ethiopia: Federal Family Code Amended, Ending Intercountry Adoption

(Mar. 26, 2018) The Ethiopian House of Representatives voted on January 9, 2018, to adopt legislation amending the Federal Revised Family Code of 2000 to ban intercountry adoption.  (Amy Held, Ethiopian Lawmakers Vote To Ban Foreign Adoptions, NPR (Jan. 10, 2018); REVISED FAMILY CODE, No. 213, FEDERAL NEGARIT GAZETTA, Extra Ordinary (Issue No. 1, 2000), University […]

Liberia: Temporary Ban on Domestic Violence, Including Female Genital Mutilation

(Jan. 31, 2018) On January 19, 2018, as one of her last acts in office before handing power to current President George Weah, former Liberian President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf issued an executive order on domestic violence.  (Press Release, Liberia Executive Mansion, President Sirleaf Signs Executive Order on Domestic Violence (Jan. 20, 2018).) Sirleaf issued the Order after […]