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Peru: Paris Accord on Climate Change Ratified

(Sept. 2, 2016) On July 21, 2016, Peru ratified the Paris Agreement on Climate Change, adopted in Paris, France, under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). (Ratifican el Acuerdo de París [Ratification of the Paris Agreement], EL PERUANO (July 25, 2016); Paris Agreement (Dec. 12, 2015), UNFCCC website.) On July 25, 2016, Peru deposited […]

Argentina: Universal Health Coverage Plan

(Sept. 2, 2016) On August 2, 2016, Argentina’s Ministry of Health issued Decree No. 908, which creates a Plan for Universal Health Care (PUHC) aimed at improving the quality of primary health care services, developing and modernizing the Integrated Networks of Health Care Services by providing advanced equipment to the public health care system, and promoting and protecting preventive […]

Chile: Preventive Identification by Police Authorized

(Sept. 1, 2016) On July 5, 2016, the Chilean Congress passed Law 20931 on Easing the Effective Application of the Established Penalties for Robbery, Theft, and Receipt of Stolen Goods and Improving Criminal Prosecution of the Said Offenses. (Facilita la Aplicación Efectiva de las Penas Establecidas para los Delitos de Robo, Hurto y Receptación y […]

Peru: National Plan on Gender-Based Violence 2016-2021 Approved

(Sept. 1, 2016) Peru’s Ministry of the Woman and Vulnerable Populations (known by the initials MMPV) approved a national plan on gender-based violence that will apply to all levels of government and all entities involved in the prevention, punishment, and eradication of such violence. (Ministerio de la Mujer y Poblaciones Vulnerables, Decreto Supremo Nº 008-2016-MIMP que […]

Uruguay: Arbitration Panel Affirms Enforcement of Anti-Tobacco Legislation

(Aug. 26, 2016) On July 8, 2016, an International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes (ICSID) arbitration panel, meeting in Washington, D.C., decided an arbitration case filed by Philip Morris International (PMI) against the government of Uruguay in which PMI sought compensation for economic damages as a result of Uruguay’s enforcement of its anti-tobacco laws. (El Estado […]

Venezuela: Prohibition of Use of Cellular Phones and Internet by Inmates

(Aug. 25, 2016) The Venezeulan Congress recently passed the Law Regulating the Use of Cellular Phones and the Internet Inside Penitentiaries, prohibiting the use of cellular phones and the Internet in prisons. The Law imposes a penalty of three to five years of imprisonment on anyone who introduces cellular phones or Internet-ready devices in prisons. […]

Argentina: Expansion of Plea Bargain in Corruption Cases

(Aug. 15, 2016) On June 23, 2016, the Cámara de Diputados (Argentina’s Lower House of Congress) approved the draft Ley del Arrepentido (Law of the Repentant) that would expand plea bargaining in corruption cases, allowing prosecutors to offer criminal suspects the opportunity to bargain for a shorter sentence in exchange for an admission of wrongdoing and […]

Chile: New Foreign Investment Regime

(Dec. 1, 2015) Law 20848, the New Foreign Investment Law (NFIL), is part of a new legal framework for foreign investment in Chile that supersedes the regime governed by Decree Law No. 600 of 1974. (Ley que Establece el Marco para la Inversión Extranjera Directa en Chile y Crea la Institucionalidad Respectiva, DIARIO OFICIAL (June 25, 2015), […]

Spain: Royal Decree on Legal Deposit of Online Content

(Aug. 19, 2015) Given the special characteristics of online publications, with a multitude of works being created daily and the difficulty of their capture, storage, and preservation, the Spanish government has changed the rules applicable to the legal deposit of these publications by issuing Royal Decree 635/2015. (Royal Decree 635/2015, BOLETIN OFICIAL DEL ESTADO (BOE) […]

Mercosur: Protocol for Accession of Bolivia Approved

(Aug. 18, 2015) On July 17, 2015, at the Mercosur summit in Brasilia, the member countries, Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay, and Venezuela, signed a new protocol for Bolivia’s accession to the organization (Mercado Común del Sur). A previous accession protocol for Bolivia had already been signed by the other four Member States in 2012, when […]