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Uruguay: Congress Adopts New Law on Transgender Rights

(Oct. 31, 2018) On October 19, 2018, the Uruguayan Congress adopted the new Comprehensive Law for Transgender Persons, aimed at reversing discrimination and advancing the rights of this population, including the right to work, to housing, and to surgical interventions. (Uruguay Aprueba la Ley Integral para Personas Trans [Uruguay Approves Comprehensive Law for Transgender Persons], […]

Colombia: New Law Mandates Loss of Right to Inherit in Cases of Abuse or Neglect of Relatives

(June 13, 2018) On May 30, 2018, President Juan Manuel Santos promulgated Law 1893 to punish children who abuse, abandon, or engage in questionable practices toward their parents by nullifying the children’s right to their parents’ inheritance. (Hijos maltratadores no podrán heredar: nueva ley de la República, EL ESPECTADOR (May 30, 2018).) Senator Roy Barreras, who […]

Colombia: President Promulgates Reform of Youth Citizenship Statute

(June 13, 2018) On March 1, 2018, President Juan Manuel Santos promulgated Law 1885 of 2018 on Reforming the Statute on Youth Citizenship (Law 1622 of 2013). The new Law creates a political electoral system allowing youth between fourteen and twenty-eight years old to elect members of and be elected to municipal youth councils. Under […]

Bolivia: Law on Social Enterprises Promulgated

(May 25, 2018) On May 1, 2018, Bolivian President Evo Morales promulgated Ley 1055 de Empresas Sociales (Law 1055 on Social Enterprises). The new Law allows workers to take over private companies they work for when the companies enter into bankruptcy and to convert them into “social companies” to stimulate production and address unemployment. (Ley […]

Chile: Law Permits Abortion on Three Grounds

(May 25, 2018) In September 2017, the Chilean National Congress passed a new law permitting abortion in some circumstances. (Ley 21030 que Regula la Despenalización de la Interrupción Voluntaria del Embarazo en Tres Causales [Law 21030 Regulating the Voluntary Interruption of Pregnancy on Three Grounds], DIARIO OFICIAL, Sept. 23, 2017, Library of the National Congress website.) […]

Spain: Drug Trafficking Ring Using Cryptocurrency to Launder Money Arrested

(May 1, 2018) On April 9, 2018, the Guardia Civil (Spanish Police), in an operation called “Tulipán Blanca” (White Tulip), arrested eleven members of a drug trafficking ring that was laundering money using bitcoins. The police operation was coordinated with Europol, Finnish law enforcement authorities, and the US Department of Homeland Security. (Detenido un Tarraconense […]

Spain: Bill on Alcohol Consumption to Punish Parents for Their Underage Children’s Drinking

(May 1, 2018) A report prepared by a committee composed of members of Spain’s Congress of Deputies (lower legislative chamber) and Senate (upper legislative chamber) recommends that Spain enact laws punishing parents for their underage children’s drinking. The penalties to be imposed on both children and parents would reinforce current sanctions and promote prevention of […]

Argentina: Bill on Gender Parity and Equal Opportunities in the Workplace Proposed

(Apr. 4, 2018) On March 13, 2018, Argentina’s government submitted to the National Congress a bill to amend the Labor Contract Law in order to establish gender parity standards in the workplace. (Proyecto 0038/18, Mar. 13, 2018, Cámara de Diputados website.) The bill aims at implementing equal pay for equal work, enforcing equality in hiring […]

Peru: Judicial Determination of Out-of-Wedlock Paternity

(Aug. 10, 2017) The Peruvian Congress, by a unanimous vote, has amended the law governing the process for establishing filiation of children. Under the amendment, Law 30628, anyone with a legitimate interest in obtaining a paternity determination may file a petition before a Justice of the Peace in order to obtain such a determination. (Ley que Regula el […]

Argentina: New Restrictions on Early Release and Other Former Dispensations Accorded Violent Criminals

(Aug. 9, 2017) On July 28, 2017, Law 27375 was promulgated to amend Law 24660 on the Execution of Criminal Sentences, prohibiting the early or conditional release or periodic exit from prison of criminals convicted of violent crimes, whether committed individually or with an organized group, such as aggravated homicide, sexual assault, kidnapping resulting in […]