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Peru: Judicial Determination of Out-of-Wedlock Paternity

(Aug. 10, 2017) The Peruvian Congress, by a unanimous vote, has amended the law governing the process for establishing filiation of children. Under the amendment, Law 30628, anyone with a legitimate interest in obtaining a paternity determination may file a petition before a Justice of the Peace in order to obtain such a determination. (Ley que Regula el […]

Argentina: New Restrictions on Early Release and Other Former Dispensations Accorded Violent Criminals

(Aug. 9, 2017) On July 28, 2017, Law 27375 was promulgated to amend Law 24660 on the Execution of Criminal Sentences, prohibiting the early or conditional release or periodic exit from prison of criminals convicted of violent crimes, whether committed individually or with an organized group, such as aggravated homicide, sexual assault, kidnapping resulting in […]

Paraguay: New Law Prohibiting Unauthorized Advertising on Cellular Phones

(Aug. 1, 2017) On June 30, 2017, the President of Paraguay promulgated Law 5830 on prohibiting unauthorized advertising via cellular phones.  The Law gives users the power to decide whether they want to receive such advertising.  (Rige la Ley que Prohibe Publicidad No Autorizada en Telefonos Celulares, LA NACION (July 12, 2017).) Law 5830 creates a […]

Chile: Information Sharing with Other Countries

(July 11, 2017) On June 21, 2017, the Chilean parliament passed Law 21016 on facilitatating sharing of information, government to government, with other countries. (Ley 21016 Facilita el Intercambio Recíproco de Información con Otros Países, DIARIO OFICIAL (DO) (June 21, 2017), available at the Library of Congress of Chile website.) The rationale behind this measure […]

Spain: National Police Chief Addresses Anti-Terrorism Policies

(Sept. 29, 2016) The head of Spain’s National Police gave an address describing how Spain’s efforts to improve anti-terrorist cooperation among European Union Member States, and arguing against national border patrols within the European Union.  (Hugo Gutiérrez, El Director de la Policia Nacional Pide mas Cooperación Europea contra el Terrorismo, EL PAIS (Aug.1, 2016).) He argued […]

Bolivia: 1980 Hague Child Abduction Convention Signed

(Sept. 19, 2016) On January 21, 2016, Bolivia passed Law 778 ratifying the Hague Convention on the Civil Aspects of International Child Abduction (HCCH). (Law 778 of January 21, 2016, Bolivian Senate website; Convention on the Civil Aspects of International Child Abduction (Oct. 25, 1980), Hague Conference on Private International Law website.) In order to […]

Ecuador: New Anti-Money Laundering Law

(Sept. 16, 2016) Ecuador’s new Law on the Prevention and Eradication of Money Laundering was adopted by the legislature on July 21, 2016. (Ley Orgánica de Prevención, Detección y Erradicación del Delito de Lavado de Activos y del Financiamiento de Delitos, REGISTRO OFICIAL (RO) (the official gazette) (July 21, 2016).)  The Law extends to nonfinancial businesses […]

Argentina: Prohibition of Pesticide Use on Crops During Loading and Transportation

(Sept. 15, 2016) Argentina has banned the application of pesticides to crops while they are being loaded or transported.  Law 27262, adopted by Argentina’s parliament in July 2016, forbids the application of and/or treatment with any type of fumigant pesticide in connection with crops, their products and sub-products, cereals, and oil seeds during loading of such […]

Uruguay: Legislation Against Bullying in Schools

(Sept. 13, 2016) On July 26, 2016, legislation opposing bullying in educational institutions was been submitted for discussion in Uruguay’s Parliament. The draft law aims to define, prevent, and intervene in different types of harassment or bullying in schools and includes applicable sanctions.  (Proponen Sancionar el Bullying en Centros de Ensenanza [Proposal to Punish Bullying […]

Colombia: Law on Presumptive Organ Donation

(Sept. 6, 2016) On August 4, 2016, Colombia’s President, Juan Manuel Santos, promulgated a new law on organ donations. (Ley 1805 Modifica la Ley 73 de 1988 y la Ley 919 de 2004 en Materia de Donación de Componentes Anatómicos y se Dictan Otras Disposiciones [Law 1805, Amending Law 73 of 1988 and Law 919 […]