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Iceland: Update: Supreme Court Increases Jail Sentence for Kaupthing Bank Director and Shareholder

(July 2, 2015) On February 12, 2015, the Icelandic Supreme Court decided the Al-Thani Case, in which the Chief Executive of Kaupthing Bank, the CEO of its Luxembourg branch, the Chairman of the Board, and the bank’s largest shareholder were charged with market manipulation. (Iceland Jails Kaupthing Bankers for Market Manipulation, NEW YORK TIMES (Feb. […]

Sweden: Supreme Court Affirms Pre-Trial Detention of Julian Assange

(June 15, 2015) On May 11, 2015, the Swedish Supreme Court affirmed the Appeals Court decision to continue to detain Julian Assange in absentia. (Press Release, The Supreme Court Affirms the Decision of the Court of Appeals for Pre-Trial Detention of Julian Assange (May 12, 2015), Högsta Domstolen[Supreme Court] website; Case No. Ö 5880.14 of […]

Sweden: Tax Authority Publishes Guidelines for Income Tax on Bitcoin Mining, Suggests Prohibition of Bitcoin Use in Waste and Scrap Metal Transactions

(May 20, 2015) On April 24, 2015, just days before the May 4 tax filing deadline, Sweden’s Tax Authority published guidelines on how to declare income from Bitcoin mining. (Beskattning vid mining av bitcoin och andra virtuella valutor m.m. [Guidelines on the Taxation of Mining of Bitcoins and Other Virtual Currencies] (Apr. 24, 2015), Dnr […]

Sweden: District Court Declares Drone Use Does Not Constitute Camera Surveillance

(May 1, 2015) On April 13, 2015, the Administrative District Court of Malmö announced that using a drone to take pictures of an outdoor public garden is not camera surveillance that requires a prior permit. (Jaqueline Balcer Bednarska, Foto med drönare är inte kameraövervakning – domstol upphäver länsstyrelsens beslut, DAGENS JURIDIK (Apr. 14, 2015).) The […]

Sweden: Opposition Budget Passed, Government Announces Extraordinary Election

(Dec. 23, 2014) On December 3, 2014, the Swedish Parliament voted on 2015 budget legislation, adopting a budget proposed by an alliance of opposition parties. (Betänkande 2014/15:FiU1 Utgiftsramar och beräkning av statsinkomsterna, RIKSDAGEN (Dec. 3, 2014); Mari Forssblad, Anna H. Svensson, & Iva Horvatovic, Regeringskrisen: Detta händer nu, SVT.SE (updated Dec. 3, 2014).) Three budgets […]

Sweden: Internet Service Provider Appeals Data Retention Obligation

(Nov. 7, 2014) On October 13, 2014, the Administrative District Court in Stockholm issued a ruling against telecommunications provider Tele2 Sverige AB, declaring that it must continue to collect and store data from its users as specified in the Swedish Data Retention Act. (Administrative District Court Stockholm, Case No. 14891-14 [in Swedish] (Oct. 13, 2014).) […]

Sweden: Enforcement Authority to Collect Bitcoins

(Oct. 23, 2014) On October 6, 2014, the Swedish Enforcement Authority staff announced, to Swedish media outlets, that it will start to investigate and seize Bitcoin holdings when collecting funds from indebted individuals. (Kronofogden ska leta Bitcoins hos skuldsatta [Swedish Enforcement Authority to Look for Bitcoins from Indebted Individuals], SVERIGES RADIO (Oct. 6, 2014).) The […]

Norway: Segway Ban Lifted

(Sept. 30, 2014) On July 1, 2014, the unlicensed use of the self-balancing personal transport device (selvbalanserende kjøretøy), commonly known as the Segway, became legal on the streets of Norway. The device has been prohibited in the country for years because of its ability to reach relatively high speeds (20km/h, about 12.4 mph) and therefore […]

Iceland: National Digital Currency Auroracoin Launched

(Aug. 12, 2014) On March 24, 2014 creators of Auroracoin launched a helicopter drop of Auroracoins; they were available to all Icelanders who wanted to claim them. The digital currency is a competitor of Bitcoin and meant to cater to Iceland, although it can be changed into Bitcoins. It acts as a gateway currency for […]

European Court of Human Rights; Finland: Court Rules on Change of Gender Issue

(Aug. 1, 2014) On July 16, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) ruled that a transgender Finnish woman had not been deprived of her right to private life and family life as guaranteed by article 8 of the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms when […]