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Mozambique: Government Inefficiency Leads to Increase in Lynching

(Mar. 2, 2008) Tired of the government inefficiency in the fight against crime, the population of Beira, the second largest city in Mozambique, is taking justice into its own hands and lynching people allegedly guilty of committing crimes, including robbery and murder. That is the conclusion reached by analysts after seven people have been beaten […]

Guinea Bissau; Spain: Cooperation Agreement on Immigration Signed

(Mar. 2, 2008) On January 27, 2008, the Foreign Minister of Spain, Miguel Angel Moratinos, visited Guinea-Bissau to meet with Prime Minister Martinho N'Dafa Cabi. At the meeting, representatives of the two countries signed a cooperation agreement on immigration designed to control illegal immigration to Spain. Moratinos was quoted as saying that a previous repatriation […]

Brazil: Government Decides to Charge for Official Gazettes

(Feb. 8, 2008) On October 23, 2007, the Director-General of the Brazilian National Press, Fernando Tolentino de Sousa Vieira, issued Administrative Act (Portaria) No. 275 establishing the commercialization of official gazettes and their electronic versions. In response, the national president of the Brazilian Bar Association, Cezar Britto, sent a letter to Vieira requesting the immediate […]

Brazil: Judges Will Have to Make Monthly Inspections in Penitentiaries

(Feb. 2, 2008) On December 18, 2007, the Brazilian National Council of Justice issued a resolution (Resolução No. 47 de 18 de Dezembro de 1007) determining that the judges responsible for the execution of criminal sentences (juízes de execução criminal) will have to make monthly personal inspections in the penitentiaries under their jurisdiction. According to […]

Israel; Mercosur: Free Trade Agreement Signed

(Feb. 2, 2008) Following negotiations that began in 2005, on December 18, 2007, in Montevideo, Uruguay, the member states of MERCOSUR, the trade bloc that comprises Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay, and Uruguay, signed a trade agreement with Israel, the first non-Latin American country to sign this type of agreement with the bloc. Besides Israel, MERCOSUR has […]

Brazil: Proposed Law Authorizes 16-Year Olds to Drive

(Feb. 2, 2008) The Brazilian Chamber of Deputies is currently examining a proposed law authorizing 16-year olds to drive motor vehicles. According to the author of the law, Deputy Sérgio Barradas, young people have been undertaking responsibility at a very early age, forcing them to mature very quickly. As examples of the societal recognition of […]

Brazil: Senate Approves Changes in Jury Procedures

(Jan. 2, 2008) On December 5, 2007, the Brazilian Senate approved a proposed law that amends the Code of Criminal Procedure, particularly the part that regulates the procedures of trial by jury. One of the amendments curtails the impact of a step (libelo acusatório) that sometimes is used for procrastination purposes only and that may […]

Brazil: Proposal to Require Chaperones for Medical, Dental Exams

(Jan. 2, 2008) In an effort to obviate sexual abuse, the Legislative Assembly of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, is analyzing a proposed law that makes mandatory the presence of a female assistant during the performance of medical and dental procedures on women, adolescents, and children. According to the author of the proposed law, Deputy Natalino, […]

Israel; Mercosur: Free Trade Accord to Be Signed

(Jan. 2, 2008) Delegations representing Mercosur and Israel held meetings in Geneva to negotiate a free trade accord that can be signed in early 2008. It will be the first accord signed between the bloc and a country outside Latin America. However, participants in the discussion said that there are still obstacles to be overcome […]

Brazil: Air Companies Charged for Flight Delays

(Jan. 2, 2008) On December 5, 2007, the Brazilian Minister of Defense, Nelson Jobim, announced that airline companies will have to indemnify passengers for flight delays. According to Jobim, the idea is to create a system that rewards the passenger and discourages flight delays. The penalty fee will only be applied when the delay is […]