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Mozambique: Government Ratifies Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty

(May 2, 2008) On April 8, 2008, the Mozambican Republic Assembly ratified the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty, becoming the 145th state to do so. According to the treaty, Mozambique cannot carry out any tests involving the explosion of nuclear weapons or any type of nuclear explosion; it is obligated to avoid such explosions in […]

Brazil: New Law Would Implement Electronic Control of Felons on Parole

(May 2, 2008) On April 15, 2008, the Legislative Assembly of the State of Rio de Janeiro, in Brazil, received a proposal for a law, prepared by State Deputy Dionío Lins, stipulating that convicted felons on parole must be monitored at all times by using an electronic device either on the wrist or on the […]

Brazil: Harsh Punishment for Bad Drivers

(May 2, 2008) In Brazil, a driver who receives a certain number of negative points on his driver's license due to traffic violations may temporarily lose his license and be obligated to attend a driver's course in order to be able to retrieve the license drive again. In the near future, this may not be […]

Brazil: Electoral Propaganda Restricted

(May 2, 2008) The Brazilian Superior Electoral Tribunal (Tribunal Superior Eleitoral – TSE) will soon vote on an opinion (parecer técnico) in response to a consultation formulated by Federal Deputy José Aparecido de Oliveira questioning the legality of political candidates' using blogs, spam, telemarketing, cell phone messages, and Web site banners and links as well […]

Angola: U.N. Office Ordered to Shut Down

(May 2, 2008) The United Nations Office for Human Rights has until May 31, 2008, to close its office in Angola by order of the Angolan government. According to Vegard Bye, Chief of the U.N. Office in Angola, on March 4, 2008, Manuel Aragão, Angolan Minister of Justice, officially communicated to the U.N. High Commission […]

Brazil; Spain: Protocol on Immigration

(May 2, 2008) On April 1, 2008, in Madrid, Brazil and Spain signed a Protocol on Immigration designed to put an end to the recent diplomatic crisis involving tourists of both countries. According to the document, both countries agree, inter alia , that tourists not admitted into either country will be allowed to contact the […]

Saint Tome (Sao Tome) and Principe: Accession to Patent Cooperation Treaty

(May 2, 2008) On April 18, 2008, the United Nations Intellectual Property Agency announced that Sao Tome and Principe acceded to the Patent Cooperation Treaty (PCT), a pact designed to stimulate innovation and promote economic activity worldwide. According to the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), in the beginning of April, Sao Tome and Principe deposited […]

Mozambique: New Law Punishes Trafficking in Persons

(May 2, 2008) In April 2008, the Mozambican Parliament approved a law specifically criminalizing trafficking in persons. According to the new law, trafficking in persons is defined as the recruiting, transporting, or harboring of a person, by any means, under the pretext of domestic or foreign employment, education, or apprenticeship. The use of individuals for […]

Brazil: New President of Federal Supreme Court

(Apr. 2, 2008) On March 12, 2008, Justice Gilmar Mendes was elected to preside over the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court for the next two years and Justice Cezar Peluso was elected vice-president. Justice Mendes will also preside over the National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiça), a judicial agency responsible for the administrative and […]

Brazil: Federal Supreme Court Authorizes Extradition of Colombian Drug Trafficker to United States

(Apr. 2, 2008) On March 13, 2008, the Federal Supreme Court (FSC) of Brazil authorized the extradition of Colombian national Juan Carlos Ramirez Abadia, who is considered by the Brazilian Federal Police to be one of the biggest drug traffickers in the world. The request for Abadia's extradition was made by the Government of the […]