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Brazil: New Document Will Gather All Citizen ID Information in One Place

(Apr. 28, 2017) On April 11, 2107, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved a bill of law that creates the National Identification Document (Documento de Identificação Nacional).  The new ID will gather together in a single document biometric and civil data found in, e.g., the General Register, the driver’s license, the Individual Taxpayers Register, and voter […]

Brazil: New Law Prohibits the Use of Handcuffs on Pregnant Inmates During Labor

(Apr. 24, 2017) On April 12, 2017, three laws related to the treatment of women during childbirth and its aftermath were adopted in Brazil. Law No. 13.434 amends article 292 of the Code of Criminal Procedure to prohibit the use of handcuffs on pregnant women inmates during medical and hospital preparatory procedures for delivery and […]

Brazil: Federal Supreme Court Reaffirms Rule that Civil Police Cannot Go on Strike

(Apr. 24, 2017) On April 5, 2017, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court reaffirmed by a majority vote an understanding that it is unconstitutional for the civil police (polícia civil) and other public servants who act directly in the area of public security to exercise the right to strike.  (Plenário Reafirma Inconstitucionalidade de Greve de Policias […]

Brazil: New Law Creates System of Guarantees for Protection of Young Victims of Violence

(Apr. 20, 2017) On March 31, 2017, Brazil’s government adopted Law No. 13,431 to put in place a system of guarantees for children and adolescents who are witnesses to or victims of violence, to create mechanisms to prevent violence, and to establish measures of assistance and protection for children and adolescents in situations of violence. […]

Brazil: Law to Regulate Payment to Employees of All Forms of Gratuities

(Mar. 17, 2017) A new law enacted on March 13, 2017, amended article 457 of the Consolidation of Labor Laws to regulate the apportionment among employees of the additional expenses charged to patrons of bars, restaurants, hotels, motels, and similar establishments.  (CONSOLIDAÇÃO DAS LEIS DO TRABALHO [C.L.T.], Decreto-Lei No. 5.452, de 1 de Maio de […]

Brazil: New Law Taxes Online Audio and Video Streaming Services

(Jan. 10, 2017) A complementary law enacted on December 29, 2016, by the Brazilian federal government amended the services tax law (Imposto sobre Serviços de Qualquer Natureza, ISS, Lei Complementar No. 116, de 31 de Julho de 2003, PLANALTO) to allow for the taxation of online audio and video streaming services at a minimum rate […]

Brazil: New Regulations to Curb Tax Evasion and Money Laundering

(Jan. 9, 2017) The Brazilian Internal Revenue Service (Secretaria da Receita Federal do Brazil, RFB) enacted three normative instructions on December 28 and 29, 2016, designed to standardize the sharing of information with other countries and to facilitate the identification of the “final beneficiaries” of companies for the purpose of curbing tax evasion and money […]

Brazil: Constitutional Amendment Limits Public Spending

(Dec. 16, 2016) On December 13, 2016, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved an amendment to the Constitution that imposes a ceiling on public spending for the next 20 years.  (Proposta de Emenda à Constituição No. 55 de 2016 — PEC do Teto dos Gastos Públicos, Federal Senate website (Dec. 13, 2016).)  The constitutional amendment will […]

Brazil: Court Says Abortion Not a Crime Before End of the Third Month of Gestation

(Dec. 5, 2016) A decision on a Habeas Corpus case issued by the majority of Ministers of the first panel (1a Turma) of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court (Supremo Tribunal Federal, STF) on November 29, 2016, ordered the release of physicians and clerks who had been arrested, in a clandestine clinic, for the alleged practice […]

Brazil: Too Many Appeals Slow Down the Judiciary, Says Federal Supreme Court President

(Nov. 29, 2016) On November 21, 2016, the President of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court, Minister Cármen Lúcia, decried the excessive use of appeals in Brazil, which she said is a main reason for delays in concluding legal proceedings.  Her remarks were given during the launch of National Conciliation Week in the city of Belo Horizonte, located […]