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Portugal: Change of Gender in the Civil Register for Certain Minors Vetoed by the President

(May 31, 2018) On May 9, 2018, the president of Portugal, Marcelo Rebelo de Sousa, vetoed a decree that had been approved by the Portuguese Parliament allowing a change of gender to be entered in the civil register for minors aged 16 to 18. (Decreto No. 203/XIII; Marieta Cazarré, Portugal Veta Mudança de Gênero no […]

Brazil: Eleven Indicted for Helping Terrorist Group Islamic State

(May 30, 2018) On May 17, 2018, the Federal Public Prosecutor’s Office (Ministério Público Federal, MPF) indicted (denunciou) 11 Brazilian citizens for the formation of a criminal organization and promotion of the terrorist group Islamic State. (MPF Denuncia 11 Brasileiros por Promover Estado Islâmico, ISTO E (May 17, 2018).) According to the newspaper O Estado […]

Brazil: Rio de Janeiro Regulates Ridesharing Services in the City

(May 30, 2018) On April 11, 2018, the Mayor of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, issued Decree No. 44399, regulating the use of the municipality’s road system for the economic operation by private individuals of paid-passenger transportation services (like Uber and Lyft) intermediated by digital platforms managed by transport companies (known as Provedoras de Redes de […]

Brazil: Penal Code Amended to Stop Attacks on ATM Machines

(May 2, 2018) In an effort to curb attacks on ATM machines throughout Brazil, President Michel Temer on April 23, 2015, promulgated Law No. 13,654 (Lei No. 13.654, de 23 de Abril de 2018, Presidency of the Republic of Brazil website), which amends the Penal Code (CÓDIGO PENAL, Decreto-Lei No. 2.848, de 7 de Dezembro […]

Brazil: Federal Supreme Court Authorizes Release of Pregnant Women in Pretrial Detention

(Mar. 15, 2018) On February 20, 2018, the second chamber of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court decided by a majority vote to grant collective habeas corpus to women currently in pretrial detention and place them under house arrest instead. This decision applies to all women prisoners in the national territory who are pregnant or mothers […]

Brazil: Federal Supreme Court Allows Transfer of Two Transvestites to Prisons Compatible with their Sexual Orientation

(Mar. 14, 2018) On February 19, 2018, Justice Luis Roberto Barroso of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court ruled in a habeas corpus proceeding that two persons who self-identified as transvestites and who had been placed in a men’s prison cell be transferred to a prison that is “compatible with their gender identity.” (Ministro determina transferência […]

Brazil: New Law Admits Women to the Navy

(Dec. 26, 2017) The Brazilian Federal Senate passed a bill on December 12, 2017, that allows women to join the Brazilian Navy. (Projeto de Lei da Câmara No. 147, de 2017 [Bill of Law No. 147/2017], ATIVIDADE LEGISLATIVA.) The new law amends Law No. 9,519 of November 26, 1997, which regulates the structure of organs […]

Brazil: Harsher Punishments for DUI

(Dec. 26, 2017) On December 20, 2017, Brazil enacted Law No. 13,546, which amends the National Traffic Code to establish harsher punishments for driving while intoxicated. (Lei No. 13,546, de 19 de Dezembro de 2017, PLANALTO; Código Nacional de Trânsito, Law No. 9,503 of September 23, 1997, PLANALTO.) The Law increases the punishment for driving […]

Brazil: New Rules Update the Criteria to Define Brain Death

(Dec. 15, 2017) On December 12, 2017, the Brazilian Federal Council of Medicine (Conselho Federal de Medicina, CFM) updated the criteria for the definition of brain death, which can now be diagnosed by more specialists in addition to neurologists. The new criteria established in Resolution CFM No. 2,173/17 (not yet available online) meets the requirements […]