Library of Congress

Law Library of Congress

The Library of Congress > Law Library > News & Events > Global Legal Monitor

Brazil: State of Rio de Janeiro Enacts New Law for the Support of Victims of Rape

(July 11, 2018) The State of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, has enacted a Law to create a program for the support of victims of rape in the state. According to article 2(§ 1) of Law No. 8,007 of June 26, 2018, the testimony of the female victim and the information collected in the health unit […]

Brazil: National Supervisory of Justice Authorizes Transgender Persons to Change Name and Gender at Civil Registries Without Judicial Approval

(July 11, 2018) On June 28, 2018, the National Supervisory of Justice (Corregedoria Nacional de Justiça) issued Administrative Act No. 73 (Provimento CNJ No. 73, de 28 de Junho de 2018, National Supervisory of Justice website), which provides in article 1 for registering the change of name and gender in the birth and marriage records […]

Brazil: National Council of Justice and Federal Council of Psychology Sign Protocol of Intentions to Help Victims of Violence

(July 11, 2018) On July 4, 2018, the President of the National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiça, CNJ) and the president of the Federal Council of Psychology (Conselho Federal de Psicologia, CFP) signed a protocol of intentions to give psychological assistance to women who have been subjected to domestic and family violence, as […]

Brazil: City of Rio de Janeiro Bans Plastic Straws

(July 10, 2018) On July 4, 2018, the mayor of the city of Rio de Janeiro sanctioned Law No 6,384, which bans plastic straws in the city. (Lei No. 6.384, de 4 de Julho de 2018, DIÁRIO OFICIAL ELETRÔNICO DO MUNICÍPIO DO RIO DE JANEIRO, No. 73, July 5, 2018, at 3.) Article 1 of […]

Brazil: State of Rio de Janeiro Bans Plastic Bags

(July 5, 2018) On June 25, 2018, the governor of the state of Rio de Janeiro promulgated Law No. 8,006 (Lei No. 8.006, de 25 de Junho de 2018, State of Rio de Janeiro Legislative Assembly website) banning the use, distribution, and even sale of plastic bags all over the state. (Gilberto Porcidonio, Pezão Sanciona […]

Brazil: Supreme Court Allows Satire of Political Candidates

(June 26, 2018) On June 21, 2018, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court (Supremo Tribunal Federal, STF) ruled as unconstitutional provisions of the Elections Law that prevented radio and television broadcasters from running humorous programs ridiculing or lampooning candidates, political parties, and coalitions in the three months prior to an election. (Lei das Eleições, Lei No. […]

Brazil: Supreme Court Rules Federal Police Plea Bargains Are Constitutional

(June 25, 2018) On June 21, 2018, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court (Supremo Tribunal Federal, STF) ruled on a Direct Action of Unconstitutionality (Ação Direta de Inconstitucionalidade (ADI) 5508) proposed by the Public Prosecutor’s Office (Procuradoria Geral da República), holding that agents of the Federal Police (Delegados) could not make plea bargain agreements (acordos de […]

Brazil: New Law Creates Single Public Security System

(May 31, 2018) On May 16, 2018, the Brazilian Senate approved a proposal of law that would create the Single Public Security System (Sistema Único de Segurança Pública, SUSP). (Senado Aprova Projeto que Cria Sistema Unico de Segurança; Matéria Vai à Sanção, ISTO E (May 16, 2018).) The proposed law provides that federal, state, and municipal […]

Portugal: Change of Gender in the Civil Register for Certain Minors Vetoed by the President

(May 31, 2018) On May 9, 2018, the president of Portugal, Marcelo Rebelo de Sousa, vetoed a decree that had been approved by the Portuguese Parliament allowing a change of gender to be entered in the civil register for minors aged 16 to 18. (Decreto No. 203/XIII; Marieta Cazarré, Portugal Veta Mudança de Gênero no […]

Brazil: Eleven Indicted for Helping Terrorist Group Islamic State

(May 30, 2018) On May 17, 2018, the Federal Public Prosecutor’s Office (Ministério Público Federal, MPF) indicted (denunciou) 11 Brazilian citizens for the formation of a criminal organization and promotion of the terrorist group Islamic State. (MPF Denuncia 11 Brasileiros por Promover Estado Islâmico, ISTO E (May 17, 2018).) According to the newspaper O Estado […]