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Uruguay: National Archive of Remembrance

(Mar. 3, 2009) Law No. 18435, signed by President Tabaré Vazquez of Uruguay on December 12, 2008, creates the National Archive of the Remembrance to promote the importance of both the enforcement of human rights and of democracy, through the full exercise of the individual and collective right to truth, to memory, and to public […]

Uruguay: President Signs Sexual and Reproductive Health Law

(Feb. 3, 2009) Uruguay's President Tabaré Vazquez signed a law on December 1, 2008, that establishes that the State will guarantee conditions for the full exercise of the sexual and reproductive rights of the entire population and, for that purpose, will promote national policies of sexual and reproductive health, develop new programs, and organize services […]

Peru: Sentences Imposed for Fraudulent Corporate Activities

(Feb. 3, 2009) On December 30, 2008, President Alan García Pérez of Peru signed a law that amends articles 198 and 245 of the Criminal Code (Law No. 29307). Article 198 deals with fraudulent management. A prison sentence of one to four years will be imposed on a person who, in the exercise of functions […]

Peru: Law Sets Conditions for Transfer and Service of Sentences of Foreigners

(Feb. 2, 2009) Law No. 29305, signed by President Alan García Pérez of Peru on December 21, 2008, amends articles 542(e) and 544(2) of the new Code of Criminal Procedure (Legislative Decree No. 957) concerning conditions for the transfer and service of sentences of foreigners. The condition listed in article 542(e) requires provisions of the […]

Holy See (Vatican City State): Abortion Pill Not Innocent Drug for Health

(Jan. 12, 2009) The Vatican recently condemned the RU486 pill, which was approved by the Italian government in February 2008, because it is intended for abortion. Cardinal Javier Lozano Garragan, the Health Minister of the Holy See, stated: “[t]he Catholic Church understands the personal drama of a young woman who is pregnant against her will, […]

Uruguay: Defibrillators in Public and Private Places

(Jan. 5, 2009) The Uruguayan Congress passed Law No.18360 on September 26, 2008, concerning the installation of external automatic defibrillators in public or private establishments where large numbers of people gather. The Law states that those establishments are to have at least one external automatic defibrillator maintained in proper operating condition and available for immediate […]

Peru: Protection from Domestic Violence

(Jan. 5, 2009) On November 25, 2008, the Peruvian Congress amended existing laws to provide greater protections for victims of domestic violence. Law No. 29282, enacted after the incorporation of observations submitted by President Alan Garcia Perez, amends the Criminal Code and the revised text of Law No. 26260 on protection from domestic violence. The […]

Peru: Vehicle Safety

(Nov. 25, 2008) Law No. 29259, promulgated by Peru's President Alan Garcia Perez on September 13, 2008, amends articles 24 and 26 of Law No. 27181, the General Law on Transportation and Ground Transit of Peru. The amended article 24.2 deals with administrative liability for violations of the Law. The owner of a vehicle and, […]

Peru: Joint Custody Determinations

(Nov. 24, 2008) On October 16, 2008, Peru's President Alan Garcia Perez promulgated Law No. 29269, amending articles 81 and 84 of the Code of the Child and the Adolescent to incorporate a provision dealing with joint custody. The new version of article 81 states that when the parents are “de facto” (actually) separated, the […]

Peru: Acquired Legal Capacity of Minors

(Nov. 24, 2008) Law No. 29274, promulgated by Peru's President Alan Garcia Perez on October 27, 2008, amends article 46 of the Civil Code concerning the legal capacity of minors, to authorize the acquisition of legal capacity by marriage or official title. Article 46 now states that the incapacity of persons older than 16 years […]