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Peru: Public Defender Service

(June 30, 2009) On May 13, 2009, President Alan Garcia Perez of Peru signed the Law on the Public Defender Service that regulates the purpose, principles, functions, types and conditions, and organization of the service, as well as access to it. The purpose of the Service is to assure the right to defense through financial […]

Italy: Voting from Home Allowed in Some Cases

(June 3, 2009) The Italian Parliament recently promulgated Law No. 46 of May 7, 2009, to allow voters to vote from home when affected by an illness that makes it impossible for them to leave the house. The Law amends article 1 of Decree-Law No. 1 of January 3, 2006 (as amended). The newly amended […]

Italy: Day to Fight Abuse of Minors Established

(June 3, 2009) The Italian Parliament recently promulgated Law No. 41 of May 4, 2009, establishing May 5 as the national anti-pedophilia and anti-child pornography day, dedicated to reflection on the fight against abuse of minors. The law stipulates that the activities organized for the occasion of the national day should be directed at sensitizing […]

Peru: Registry of Information on Life Insurance Contracts

(June 3, 2009) On May 8, 2009, the President of the Congress of Peru signed Law No. 29355, creating the National Registry of Information on Contracts of Life Insurance and Personal Accidents with Coverage of Death or Accidental Death. The purpose of the Registry is to provide information on the insured and, at their death, […]

Peru: Universal Health Insurance

(May 5, 2009) On April 8, 2009, President Alan Garcia Perez of Peru signed a framework law on universal health coverage. The law guarantees the full right of every individual to social security in matters of health and sets forth norms concerning access to, and the functions of, regulation, financing, provision of services by, and […]

Peru: Labor Inspection Law Amended

(May 5, 2009) On April 8, 2009, President Alan Garcia Perez of Peru signed a law amending article 6 of the General Law on Labor Inspection, dealing with the assignment of jurisdictions for the authorities (Law No. 28806). Article 6 states that inspector supervisors and labor inspectors are authorized to carry out, in their entirety, […]

Peru: National System of Evaluation and Control of the Environment

(May 4, 2009) On March 4, 2009, President Alan Garcia Perez of Peru signed the Law on the National System of Evaluation and Control of the Environment, to be led by the Organismo de Evaluacion y Fiscalizacion Ambiental (Agency of Environmental Evaluation and Control) [OEFA]. The purposes of the National System are to ensure compliance […]

Uruguay: National Institution of Human Rights

(Apr. 2, 2009) Uruguay's President Tabaré Vazquez signed a law on December 24, 2008, that creates the Institución Nacional de Derechos Humanos (National Institution of Human Rights); it is designed to defend, promote, and protect the human rights recognized by the Constitution and international law (Law No. 18446). The Institution will be autonomous and will […]

El Salvador: Amendment to Criminal Code

(Mar. 3, 2009) Decree 745 of November 21, 2008, amends article 338-B of the Criminal Code of El Salvador concerning trafficking of prohibited objects in penitentiaries and in centers of detention or reeducation. The entry into, introduction of, trafficking in, possession of, or circulation inside a penitentiary or detention or reeducation center of objects prohibited […]

Peru: Manufacture of Weapons and Munitions

(Mar. 3, 2009) Peru's President Alan Garcia Perez signed a law on January 9, 2009, that adopts provisions concerning the name, nature, and legal status of the Fabrica de Armas y Municiones del Ejercito [Factory of Weapons and Munitions of the Army], a state corporation operating within the jurisdiction of the Ministry of Defense (Law […]