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Colombia: Individual Insolvency Law

(Sept. 1, 2010) Colombia's Law 1380 of January 25, 2010, establishes the insolvency regimen for natural persons (with the exception of merchants). This new insolvency regime allows debtors who are Colombian residents to negotiate any type of debt with their creditors in a non-judicial, conciliation procedure. Alimony obligations are the only exception to this benefit. […]

Chile: Supreme Court of Justice Decision Disallows Additional Severance Payments for Teachers in Private Sector

(July 30, 2010) Chile's Labor Code was amended on March 29, 2008, to include provisions establishing that final trial decisions in labor cases may be challenged exclusively by the annulment recourse. The recourse, which suspends application of the trial decision, is decided by an appellate court. In general, no further appeal is allowed against the […]

Argentina; Chile: Integration Treaty Enters into Force

(Feb. 18, 2010) The Treaty of Maipú for Integration and Cooperation, designed to revive and update the Peace and Friendship Treaty signed between Argentina and Chile in 1984 but never fully implemented, was signed by representatives of the two countries on October 30, 2009, and entered into force on January 22, 2010. The purpose of […]

Chile: New Law Creates Ministry for the Environment, Other Environmental Agencies

(Feb. 17, 2010) Chile has enacted a new law that creates the Ministry of the Environment, the Environmental Evaluation Service, and the Superintendency for the Environment. It also contains other, less substantive amendments. (Ley 20417, amending Law 19,300 of 1993, the General Environmental Framework Law , OFFICIAL GAZETTE, Jan. 26, 2010, Biblioteca del Congreso Nacional […]

Nicaragua: Supreme Court Decision Permitting President, Others to Seek Reelection

(Dec. 18, 2009) On October 19, 2009, the Constitutional Chamber of the Supreme Court of Nicaragua issued a decision that effectively permits the President, Vice-President, mayors, and vice-mayors to run for reelection. (Case No. 602-09, in the Amparo Writ Ortega et al. v. the Supreme Electoral Council of the Republic of Nicaragua, ARCHIVOS DE LA […]

Chile: New Law Creates the Inter-Agency Social Protection System

(Sept. 25, 2009) Chile has adopted a new law that creates the Inter-Agency Social Protection System (IASPS) and recognizes the existence of the Integral Infants’ Protection Sub-System (IFPSS), “Chile Grows with You.” Law No. 20,379, which was promulgated on September 1, 2009, and entered into force on September 12, 2009, defines the IASPS as a […]

Venezuela: Consolidation of Administrative Powers in Executive Branch

(July 27, 2009) A new law issued on March 17, 2009, amends Venezuela's Organic Law on the Decentralization, Delimitation, and Transference of Competencies of the Public Power that was published on August 14, 2003. The amendments allow the transference of powers previously within the realm of the states to the executive branch for the administration […]

Chile: Law on Transparency and Access to Public Information Adopted

(Dec. 12, 2008) Chile's new Law on the Transparency of Public Functions and Access to Information on Public Administration establishes that all information prepared using taxpayer money and all other information held by government agencies, whatever its format, date of creation, origin, classification, or processing, is in the public domain. Exceptions based on the need […]

Chile: Bill Amending the Organic Law of the Environment

(July 2, 2008) On June 5, 2008, Chile's President Michelle Bachelet sent Congress a bill amending the Organic Law of the Environment (Law 19,300 of 1994). The bill creates the Ministry of the Environment, the Environmental Evaluation Service, and the Superintendency of the Environment, and contains other provisions aimed at modernizing Chile's environmental legal framework. […]