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United Kingdom: Record-Breaking Multi-Million Dollar Fine Imposed on Drug Companies for Charging Excessive Prices

(Dec. 23, 2016) The Competition and Markets Authority (CMA) of the United Kingdom, an independent non-ministerial department responsible for promoting competition, has fined pharmaceutical companies Pfizer and Flynn Pharma a record-breaking £90 million (about US$113 million) for charging excessive and unfair prices in the UK for an anti-epilepsy drug known as phenytoin sodium.  (Press Release, […]

United Kingdom: Vessel Owner Fined for Overfishing

(Dec. 20, 2016) A recent inspection of a fishing vessel by the Marine Management Organisation of the United Kingdom found approximately 2.65 metric tons of undersized scallops (110 millimeters or smaller), which totaled  8.09 % of the catch of the vessel.  (Master and Owner Fined £21,746 for Fisheries Offences, Marine Management Organisation  (Dec. 14, 2016).)  […]

United Kingdom: Office of Tax Simplification Placed on Statutory Basis

(Dec. 20, 2016) The Office of Tax Simplification, part of Her Majesty’s Treasury, was recently placed on a statutory basis by Part 12 of the Finance Act 2016 (Finance Act 2016, c. 24, Part 12 & Sched. 25, LEGISLATION.GOV.UK), which was brought into force on November 28, 2016, by a recent set of regulations of […]

United Kingdom: Surveillance Activity by UK Intelligence Agencies Ruled Unlawful

(Dec. 8, 2016) The Investigatory Powers Tribunal ruled on October 17, 2016, that the British Intelligence Agencies unlawfully collected the confidential personal data of British citizens in bulk for 17 years, from 1998 to 2015, when the activities were publicly acknowledged.  (Privacy International v. Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs, [2016] UKIPTrib 15_110-CH.) The ruling was […]

United Kingdom: Controversial Surveillance Act Receives Royal Assent

(Dec. 8, 2016) The Investigatory Powers Act, which has been under consideration for the past year and in various forms for the past few years, was recently enacted into law when it received Royal Assent.  It was introduced in draft form in autumn of 2015 (Draft Investigatory Powers Bill 2015, 2015-16 Cm. 9152, GOV.UK), as […]

Ireland: Judgment Clarifies Definition of Consent in Rape Cases

(Nov. 21, 2016) As a result of a recent judgment from the Irish Supreme Court, the Irish government will introduce legislation to establish a definition of consent for rape. In the case decided November 11, 2016, the Court held that a woman has a constitutional right to the integrity of her body and that the […]

United Kingdom: Brexit – High Court Rules Parliamentary Consent Required

(Nov. 16, 2016) In the latest development in the United Kingdom’s path of withdrawal from membership from the European Union, the High Court of England and Wales issued a ruling on November 3, 2016, on whether the Government of the UK can invoke, without parliamentary consent, the article of the EU treaty that launches the […]

England and Wales: First Woman Convicted Under Revenge Porn Law Receives Suspended Sentence

(Sept. 14, 2015) The first female prosecuted under England’s recently enacted “revenge porn law,” a law introduced to punish the sharing of sexually explicit images of people without their consent when intending to cause distress, received a sentence of six weeks of imprisonment, suspended for 18 months. Provided the defendant does not commit any additional […]

Scotland: GM Crops Ban

(Aug. 27, 2015) Public opinion in the United Kingdom in the past has been strongly against the use of genetically modified organisms (GMOs) and genetically modified (GM) crops. (Adam Vaughn, Public Concern over GM Food Has Lessened, Survey Shows, GUARDIAN (Mar. 9, 2012); Martin Robbins, Hulk Smash GM Crops, GUARDIAN (May 30, 2012) (accessed via […]