(Oct. 10, 2014) On August 28, 2014, the Executive Yuan (Cabinet) of the Republic of China (on Taiwan) approved draft legislation formulated by the Ministry of Justice on Taiwan’s adoption of the United Nations Convention Against Corruption. The Ministry of Justice draft also included provisions for implementing laws related to the Convention. (ROC Moves to Adopt UN Anti-Corruption Pact, TAIWAN TODAY (Aug. 29, 2014).) Thus far parliamentary action has not been taken on the draft legislation.
The U.N. General Assembly adopted the Convention on October 31, 2003; it entered into force on December 14, 2005. (United Nations Convention Against Corruption, United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) website (last visited Oct. 8, 2014) [scroll down to select text to view].) As of September 5, 2014, there were 172 parties to the Convention. (United Nations Convention Against Corruption Signature and Ratification Status as of 5 September 2014, UNODC website (last visited Oct. 8, 2014).)
The Convention addresses such issues as the prevention and criminalization of corruption; strengthening of international cooperation, especially through the rendering of mutual legal assistance in gathering evidence for courts and undertaking measures to support seizure and confiscation of corruption proceeds; and the recovery of illegal acquired assets. (ROC Moves to Adopt UN Anti-Corruption Pact, supra; United Nations Convention Against Corruption, supra.)
According to Premier Jiang Yi-huah, “[c]ombating corruption and building clean government is an important indicator of a nation’s resolve to enhance global competitiveness … . By aligning itself with international norms and practices, Taiwan will be able to effectively prevent and root out corruption.” (ROC Moves to Adopt UN Anti-Corruption Pact, supra.) Taiwan is not a member of the United Nations and at present cannot become a party to the Convention, but, Jiang stated, “the government is determined to uphold its objective.” (Id.)