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Mexico: New Electoral Code

(Mar. 2, 2008) The Mexican Government officially published a new federal electoral law on January 14, 2008. The Federal Code of Electoral Institutions and Procedures (COFIPE) supersedes the Code that had been in force since August 1990. Among the innovations in the new Code are a separate chapter on transparency; regulation of the use of official airtime for electoral propaganda; sanctions for media violations of the electoral law; a 50% reduction of the permitted statutory amount of presidential campaign financing; and regulation of the vote by the holding of a recount when the difference between the number of ballots received by the first and the second place winner is 1% of the vote or less. (Decreto por el que se expide el Código Federal de Instituciones y Procedimientos Electorales, DIARIO OFICIAL DE LA FEDERACIÓN (Jan. 14, 2008), available at http://www.leginfor.com/ [Mexican legal database, by subscription only]; Aprueban Senadores Reformas al Cofipe, EL UNIVERSAL, Dec. 6, 2007.)