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Mexico: Federal Congress Initiates Current Session with a Heavy Legislative Agenda

(Feb. 14, 2014)

The two Houses of Mexico’s Congress have started their new period of regular sessions with a heavy load of proposed amendments to secondary legislation derived from constitutional changes approved in 2013. The Senate has before it at least 73 suggested reforms to secondary legislation, and according to the analysis of parliamentary coordinators, between 22 and 29 of these legal instruments are related to the energy sector. It is expected that the major changes set forth in these instruments will be reflected in the regulatory law of article 27 of the Constitution in the fields of oil and electricity. With respect to reforms on telecommunications and economic competition, the Senators estimate that changes must be made in about 14 statutes in addition to the issuance of new ones. (Claudia Guerrero & Claudia Salazar, Saturan a Cámaras Leyes Secundarias, Reforma [Secondary Legislation Floods the Houses of Congress], REFORMA.COM (Jan. 27, 2014) [available by subscription, search required].)

The coordinator of the Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI) in the Federal Chamber of Deputies, Manlio Fabio Beltrones, guaranteed legislative productivity from the first meeting of the current period of the regular session, which began on February 4, in order to pass pending secondary legislation. He also pledged to maintain the momentum of the agreements reached with all the political parties to hasten the pace of transformation of the country. (Alejandro Páez, Garantiza Beltrones Productividad Legislativa, CRÓNICA (Feb. 2, 2014).)

Beltrones asserted that the PRI will advance the legislative work with the issuance of pending resolutions and the eventual passage of secondary laws implementing the recent constitutional reforms, starting with those laws that are overdue, such as the ones on telecommunications, radio broadcasting, and economic competition. Noting that there are more than 50 draft laws pending, Beltrones announced that the Chamber of Deputies would begin the session with a discussion of the draft legislation on the National Code of Penal Procedure. (Id.)

Simultaneously, the Chamber’s committees will work to further the legislative process for 11 secondary pieces of legislation that the federal government will submit on such matters as telecommunications, radio broadcasting, and economic competition, and for 28 secondary regulations on energy alone. In addition, advisors to the new National Electoral Institute (NEI) will be selected by the legislature. The NEI will be replacing the existing Federal Electoral Institute when the approved electoral political reform, which will be reflected in a number of constitutional amendments, is promulgated. (Id.)