Library of Congress

Law Library of Congress

The Library of Congress > Law Library > News & Events > Global Legal Monitor

Italy: Legislation on Local Government in Friuli-Venezia Giulia Region

(Aug. 25, 2016) On August 23, 2016, new legislation permitting Italy’s Friuli-Venezia Giulia Region (F-VGR) to create new local government entities called “metropolitan cities” entered into effect. (Constitutional Law No. 1 of July 28, 2016, Amending the Special Statute of the Friuli-Venezia Giulia Region, Regulated by Constitutional Law No. 1 of January 31, 1963, Concerning Local Entities, the Electors in Regional Elections, and Popular Initiatives (C. L. No. 1, 2016), GAZETTA UFFICIALE (G.U.), No. 184 (Aug. 8, 2016), NORMATTIVA (in Italian).)

Significance of Friuli-Venezia Giulia Region

The territory of Italy is divided into 20 regions and further into provinces and municipalities. Five of the regions, including F-VGR, are considered “autonomous.” (Regions of Italy in Map, MAPS OF THE WORLD (last visited Aug. 25, 2016).)  The F-VGR was first designated as an autonomous region under Constitutional Law No. 1 of 1963.  (Constitutional Law No. 1 of January 31, 1963 (C.L. No. 1, 1963), G.U. No. 29 (Feb. 1, 1963), art. 1, NORMATTIVA .)

The region enjoys a key location within Italy as an important connecting route between the eastern and western areas of southern Europe and recently has figured as part of the migration route taken by migrants from the Maghreb and elsewhere in North Africa to northern Europe. (Friuli Venezia Giulia, LIFE IN ITALY (June 1, 2012); Programma Immigrazione, REGIONE AUTONOMA FRIULI-VENEZIA GIULIA REGION (last visited Aug. 25, 2016).)

Creation of Metropolitan Cities Within the F-VGR

Constitutional Law No. 1 of 2016 broadens the scope of the regional authorities’ power to legislate the creation of new “metropolitan cities” (Citta’ metropolitane) in the autonomous F-VGR, supplementing their power to establish regular new cities (communi). (Id. art. 2.)  Being designated a “metropolitan city” means that more financial resources and a larger political role at the regional level are accorded to this new category of urban administration.

The Law also authorizes the central government to delegate powers to metropolitan cities in addition to the existing powers that may be delegated to the region, provinces, and regular cities. (Id. art. 3.)  The revenues of metropolitan cities are to be determined by local laws.  (Id. art. 7.)  Under the amendment, the Regional Council may assign annually a quota of the region’s revenue to metropolitan cities.  (Id. art. 8.)  The new legislation states that all cities, including metropolitan cities, have their own administrative powers and also enjoy the administrative powers granted by national or regional laws.  (Id. art. 4.)

Other Features of the Amendment

The amending Law modifies the minimum age for eligibility to become a member of the Regional Electoral College from 25 years to “the age of majority,” that is 18 years of age. (Id. art. 5.)  It also reduces the minimum number of citizens’ signatures required for a legislative initiative from 15,000 to 5,000.  (Id. art. 6.)