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Israel: Prevention of Domestic Violence

(Apr. 2, 2008) On March 4, 2008, the Knesset (Parliament) passed an amendment to the Prevention of Violence in the Family Law 5751-1991. The 1991 Law authorizes the court to issue an order for the protection of an individual from a family member who has used violence or committed a sexual offense against that individual, or based on whose past behavior it is reasonable to assume that the family member poses a physical danger to the individual. The amendment provides that, except for unusual circumstances and for reasons that should be noted in writing, the court is not authorized to reject a request for a protection order in the absence of a hearing in which the requestor or her/his representative can argue the requestor's case. The requirement imposed by this amendment also applies to requests for protection orders under the Prevention of Harassment Law, 5762-2001. (Prevention of Violence in the Family (Amendment No. 11) Law, 5768-2008, the Knesset Web site (last visited Mar. 10, 2008).)