(Mar. 2, 2008) A directive issued by the Judiciary High Council of Iran in late 2007 states that, for the purpose of ensuring neutrality in the performance of judicial duties and meeting the highest standards of ethics, judges are banned from membership in any political parties and related organizations. The directive stresses that judges are not allowed to engage in any kind of publicity or publication of newspapers or periodicals.
Judges are warned in the directive that engaging in any kind of activity inconsistent with the judicial standards of ethics, such as accepting any gift or free service or any privilege offered to them because of their judicial position, will be punishable by the Judicial Disciplinary Court. The directive also prohibits judges from accepting positions such as that of notary public, officiating at divorce and marriage ceremonies, or engaging in any kind of business activities. (Judiciary High Council Bans Judges from Membership in Political Parties, KEYHAN DAILY NEWSPAPER, Nov. 20, 2007, at 3, available at http://www.kayhannews.ir/860830/15.htm.)