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Indonesia: Presidential Instruction on Fighting Corruption Issued

(June 4, 2015) On May 26, 2015, Indonesia’s President Joko Widodo (known familiarly in Indonesia as Jokowi) formally issued a presidential instruction that he had signed on May 6 on prevention and eradication of corruption. He also gave a reminder to public officials of the importance of the problem. “In realizing clean governance, [corruption] prevention is as important as law enforcement. … Building a good and effective system, I believe, will help reduce corruption,” he stated. (Press Release, Bappenas [National Development Planning Board], Presiden Jokowi Terbitkan Inpres No. 7 Tahun 2015 Sebagai Langkah Serius Untuk Pencegahan dan Pemberantasan Korupsi [President Jokowi Publishes Instruction No. 7, 2015, as a Serious Step for the Prevention and Eradication of Corruption] (May 12, 2015); Ina Parlina, Jokowi Advances E-Governance System to Prevent Corruption, JAKARTA POST (May 27, 2015).)

The system the President mentioned would be integrated and online, and it would include e-budgeting, e-government, e-purchasing, e–cataloging, e-auditing, and tax measures. He expects 20-30% savings from the use of efficient systems for the procurement of goods and services. (Doesn’t Want Any Illegal Payments, President Jokowi: Build the System to Prevent Corruption, Cabinet Secretariat website (May 26, 2015).)

Presidential Instruction No. 7/2015 on the Actions for Prevention and Combating of Corruption comprises 96 proposed actions and focuses in part on reforming licensing services in government ministries and agencies. Widodo also stated that he wants the illegal fees sometimes levied to expedite applications for permits to be eliminated. (Id.; Parlina, supra.) The Instruction is an elaboration of and an implementation plan for the anti-corruption regulation issued under the previous President. (Press Release, supra; Presidential Regulation Number 55 Year 2012 on the National Strategy for Corruption Prevention and Eradication, Long Term 2012-2025 and Medium Term 2012-2014 (May 23, 2012), U.N. Office on Drugs and Crime website.)

The President’s remarks were made at the office of Bappenas; it is expected that all central government institutions will coordinate their anti-graft efforts with Bappenas. Local administrations will work with the Ministry of Home Affairs, with support from Bappenas. (Parlina, supra.)

Widodo stressed the importance of complete implementation of the Instruction, stating, “I want all the measures laid out in the instruction to be implemented well. Don’t let it be merely a formality.” (Id.) Andrinof Chaniago, the head of Bappenas, said the implementation efforts of the government would be reviewed quarterly. (Id.)