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Congo, The Democratic Republic of the: Mining Banned in Three Provinces

(Sept. 16, 2010) On September 11, 2010, Joseph Kabila, President of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), ordered that mining be suspended in three provinces in the eastern part of the country, North Kivu, South Kivu, and Maniema. He had previously suspended mining operations in the Walikale region, in North Kivu. The areas under the indefinite suspension have seen violence associated with rebel forces in recent weeks. Hundreds of rapes were reported in Walikale alone in August; Walikale is known for its tin mining operations. The area of the ban includes places held by Rwandan Hutu rebel groups, as well as by militia units and by the Congolese army. All of these forces have profited from the mines. (Congo Mining Ban Extended to Three Troubled Provinces, RWANDA NEWS AGENCY (Sept. 11, 2010),
; Congo Extends Mining Ban to 3 Other Volatile Areas, HERALD TRIBUNE.COM (Sept. 12, 2010),

In July 2010, the United States imposed restrictions on minerals from the Great Lakes region of Africa, referring to them as “conflict minerals.” The provision requires U.S. companies to disclose how they are avoiding the use of minerals from the region, particularly tin and gold, in their products. (Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act, Pub. L. 111-203, §1502,
(last visited Sept. 14, 2010 ); Mary Beth Sheridan, U.S. Financial Reform Bill Also Targets “Conflict Minerals” from Congo (July 21, 2010), THE WASHINGTON POST,
.) Kabila has said that he wants to stop what he called “a kind of mafia involved in minerals exploitation.” (RWANDA NEWS AGENCY, supra.)