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Finding Aids to Individual Collections in the Archive of Folk Culture


AFC 1990/022

Prepared by Michelle Forner
Library of Congress, Washington DC
May 1998


The Gheorghe and Eugenia Popescu-Judetz Collection consists of manuscript materials, audio recordings, graphic materials, and moving images that document primarily Romanian folk dance and music. The materials span the years 1938-1974 and 1995. The bulk of the materials were collected between 1950 and 1972 by Gheorghe and a fieldwork team that sometimes included Eugenia. Their goal was to gather traditional folk dance and music to serve as the basis of choreographies for their government-sponsored performance ensembles. Through this effort, Gheorghe amassed a collection of at least several thousand notated folk dance variants, more than 3,200 audio-recorded melodies, and approximately 4,000 notated dance melodies, from all regions of Romania.

The collection focuses on the folk song and dance of the Romanian people. Materials documenting costume, rituals, and customs are also included. Music arrangements, choreographic diagrams, photographs, and show programs document activities of the Ciocîrlia and Perinitza Ensembles. The collection also provides insight into the lives of the Popescu-Judetzes through manuscript and photographic documentation of their work as ethnographers, dancers, choreographers, and teachers.

The initial collection of audio recordings and some manuscript and graphic materials were donated bto the Library of Congress by Eugenia Popescu-Judetz in 1990. Subsequent additions of manuscript and graphic materials were accessioned in 1995 and 1997. Oral history interviews with the donor in 1995 complement the collection.

Access and Reproduction: Listening and viewing access to the collection is unrestricted. Duplication of the recorded materials may be governed by copyright and requires prior permission from the donor. In addition to standard permission requirements, publication of the materials requires prior permission of the donor.

Key Subjects: clothing and dress; costume; dance notation; East Indian songs; instruments; melodies; performance ensembles; Romanian folk dance and music; Romanian songs; social life and customs; Turkish songs

Primary Languages: Romanian, Turkish

Physical Description Location Numbers
199 Folders
159 Notebooks
Sound Recordings
48 mono 5" reels AFC 1990/022:SR1-48
(original field recordings)
14 DT 7" reels (listening copies)
Graphic Materials
235 b&w photoprints
1 color photoprint
122 copy negatives
Moving Image
2 8 mm, 100 ft. and 55 ft., silent, b&w films AFC 1990/022:F1-2
1 16 mm, 86 ft., silent, b&w film AFC 1990/022:F3
4 Folders  
Sound Recordings
18 audiocassettes AFC 1990/022:SR49-57
AFC 1990/022:SR49-c1 to SR57-c1
(listening copies)
Graphic Images
4 b&w photoprints
36 b&w negatives
1 b&w contact sheet
Moving Image
5 videocassettes, hi8, color AFC 1990/022:V1-5
5 videocassettes, 1/2" VHS, color AFC 1990/922:V1-v1 to V5-v1
74 Folders  



The Gheorghe and Eugenia Popescu-Judetz Collection spans the years 1938-1974 and 1995, with the largest portion dated 1950-1972. It is arranged into two groups or series. Series I, the bulk of the collection, consists of the documentary materials donated by Eugenia Popescu-Judetz and includes manuscripts, audio recordings, graphic materials, and moving images. Series II consists of material about the collection, primarily generated by the American Folklife Center at the Library of Congress, such as manuscript material, audio recordings, graphic materials, and moving images. Series III contains additional manuscripts, photographs, and emphera the were donated by Eugenia Popescu-Judetz in 1997. It is an open series.

The Popescu-Judetzes were Romanian dancers who worked primarily as choreographers and teachers. Series I contains the accumulation of decades of Gheorghe's notes, research, and choreographic work as well as examples of Eugenia's dance work and research. It includes at least several thousand notated folk dance variants, more than 3,200 audio-recorded melodies, and approximately 4,000 notated dance melodies. The bulk of the recordings resulted from fieldwork Gheorghe and his team conducted to collect Romanian folk dance and music in all regions of the country. Gheorghe and Eugenia used these materials primarily to create choreographic works for their government-sponsored performance ensembles, and also to develop curricula for dance workshops, to publish dance instruction books, to provide methods to teach Romanian character dance, and to record an endangered dance culture. In addition to documenting and providing examples of traditional Romanian folk dance and the work of the Ciocîrlia and Perinitza Ensembles, material in the collection includes theoretical research, ethnographic descriptions, and a unique dance notation system that they developed.

The fieldwork materials are interrelated; however, these relationships are not always readily apparent. That is, for each dance variant notated, there probably exists a music transcription for the accompanying dance tune. There also may be an audio recording of the dance tune or descriptive notes in the field notebooks. Furthermore, the dance is probably described on an index card or found in a list. Although the majority of the dance tunes and dance variants are inventoried, no concordance exists that links them together.

The breadth of materials in this collection demonstrates a progression of scholarly research and performance development, and provides insight into dance research and performance in communist Romania. The manuscript materials range from rough field notes describing folk dance variants in various villages to colored diagrams of choreographic works staged for professional performance. Since the dance notations included progress from early field sketches to publication-ready drawings of fully-notated dances, the development of the dance notation system itself is also documented.

Series I

The collection was donated to the Library of Congress in 1990 and 1995 in batches that included parts of each subseries of material, i.e., one shipment contained some music arrangements and notebooks; another shipment included the rest of the arrangements and notebooks. The inventories for the audio recordings and manuscript materials (such as the dance and music notations) were prepared by Eugenia Popescu-Judetz to accompany each shipment. Since she was able to spend more time on the initial inventories, the first parts of these documents are more detailed than later addendums. Furthermore, introductions to the inventories refer to the items donated at the time the initial inventory was written but not to later additions.

The field transcriptions of music are contained in notebooks and sheet sets. The 113 music notebooks are bound, paper volumes that contain holographic scores and sketches of more than 3,000 Romanian dance tunes and songs transcribed in the field between 1949 and 1972. The 40 sets of sheet music (referred to by the donor as "music sheets") are bound and unbound sets of pages that contain more than 250 melodies transcribed between 1950 and 1970. The notebooks and sheets were used to record songs performed on request in the villages and during on-going events such as festivals. They document the work of the fieldwork team's music transcriber, primarily Grigore Suchici, fiddler, and Constantin Arvinte, the composer/music arranger for the Ciocîrlia Ensemble. The transcriber notated the melody played with the dance under study, either on the spot or later by listening to a field recording. Each book and sheet set contains a number of melodies. Later, under Gheorghe Popescu-Judetz's direction, Arvinte and others used these materials to write arrangements and scores for stage performances of the ensemble. In fact, many pages contain notes and references that were added later by Gheorghe.

The 50 music arrangements in the collection represent compositions that were prepared for performing purposes. They consist of harmonizations, scores, and compositions created by various composers for dance performances of the Ciocîrlia and Perinitza Ensembles, primarily based on fieldwork conducted by the Popescu-Judetzes. Some of the arrangements were used for rehearsals and to teach Romanian folk dances and suites to other dance ensembles.

The notation that documents the Romanian folk dance in this collection is found in the field notebooks and notation files. Gheorghe created this unique system of notation out of his need to record the dances in the field accurately and quickly, at villages, festivals, and competitions. From 1949 to 1955, Gheorghe worked on a system that focused on footwork, including the positions and movements of the passive (non-weight-bearing) foot. The system could be used to make quick notes in the field or notate complete dances. Gheorghe refined the system and used it in choreography work for the ensemble, published books, and teaching. Eugenia also used the notation for the same purposes and continued to draw on it when teaching and choreographing Romanian folk dance in the United States. After further developing the system, she published Judetz Folk Dance Notation in 1979 (see folder 32).

Gheorghe Popescu-Judetz's 45 field notebooks are rich in dance notation and other information. He used the notebooks, which date between 1950 and 1970, to document his dance research and professional activities. They serve as the primary source of field documentation and provide an insight into his life and creative process. Arranged in random order (some volumes contain multiple years), the notebooks contain a variety of information such as names and addresses of informants; quick sketches of dance notation accompanied by written descriptions; notes from his participation on dance competition juries; notes describing performance groups and dances at folk festivals; sketches of costumes, textile patterns, and motifs; and descriptions of informants documented in photographs. The notebooks also contain information relating to professional ensemble activities, such as dance rehearsal schedules, casting lists, and production notes.

The 33 dance notation "files" (the donor's groupings) contain hundreds of leaves primarily of notation and written descriptions of at least several thousand Romanian folk dance variants, from rough drafts to final forms. They were made by Gheorghe Popescu-Judetz between 1949 and 1972, either in the field or transcribed later, and include camera-ready versions prepared by a cartographer for publication. The dances are mainly grouped by region, and represent field work and choreographies for the stage. Of special note are seven files of calus dance variants, and the staging diagrams for choreographic works Gheorghe created for performing ensembles, predominantly Ciocîrlia.

The dance notation files include materials other than notation. "Nunta la Beleti," a 26-page, handwritten manuscript, describes a wedding ritual in Beleti village (Gheorghe's birthplace), Muscel district, as it was performed between 1900 and 1940. Gheorghe formally researched this event between 1960 and 1964. The ethnographic document includes descriptions of the participants, costuming, orations, dance, music lyrics, and explanations of the rituals involved. "Mic Dictionar al Jocurilor Populare din Zonele Folclorice Neamt si Bacau" (Small Dictionary of Folk Dances from Neamt in Bacau District) is a 421-page handwritten manuscript. Gheorghe wrote it as part of a larger ethnographic work on the folk arts of the Bicaz-Neamt area, Moldavia, that was never published. Based on research he conducted for 17 years, it contains an alphabetically-arranged description of almost 800 dance variants from the area, including type of dance, posture, place, dance name synonyms, accompanying lyrics or chants, and so forth. (Elsewhere the collection includes graphs, maps, and indexes intended to accompany this chapter.) The last nine files in the series are devoted to Gheorghe's work on the metric and rhythmic analysis of Romanian dance. He held the theory that the roots of Romanian dance rhythms share a common origin with classical Greek poetic meters. The files contain classifications of dance rhythms; taxonomic, rhythmic, and metric diagrams; and specific dance examples.

One of Gheorghe Popescu-Judetz's goals was to make a general catalog of all Romanian folk dances and their variants. To that end, with Eugenia's assistance, he drew on the research described above to compile iterations of lists of dances on index cards and paper sheets. Dances listed individually on index cards often include descriptive information. At least 4,000 dances are listed. Some of this material appeared in the glossaries and indexes of his published books.

The audio recordings in Series I were made in the field by Gheorghe and Eugenia Popescu-Judetz between 1950 and 1972. They contain more than 3,200 melodies of Romanian, Turkish, and East Indian folk and traditional music, with some informant interviews. The bulk of the recordings are Romanian dance tunes, songs, and ballads performed by folk musicians, singers, and ensembles from all regions of Romania and Yugoslavian Banat. The collection also includes recordings made by Eugenia of Turkish folk music in Dobrudja, Dervish ceremonies in Anatolia, and samples of folk and classical music in India.

The 118 graphic images in this series are primarily black and white photoprints of various sizes and include some collages made of photoprints, drawings, postcards, and text. They are arranged in five groups: fieldwork, Gheorghe Popescu-Judetz and the Ciocîrlia Ensemble, portraits of the Popescu-Judetzes, series for sketches of the Doiul dance from Banat, and Eugenia Popescu-Judetz. The images span the years 1938 to 1974, with the bulk dating between 1950 and 1970. The collage pages, created by Gheorghe, were taken from scrapbooks he kept to document fieldwork projects, dance competitions, and world dance tours.

The moving images in the collection consist of three short, silent, black and white films (two 8 mm and one 16 mm). They provide a glimpse of several dance styles and costuming as well as views of the Romanian countryside.

Series II

Series II consists of materials about the collection generated by the Library of Congress. It contains manuscipt material, audio recordings, graphic materials, and video recordings concerning the March 1995 interviews with donor Eugenia Popescu-Judetz. The interviews provide background information on the collection, biographical information about the Popescu-Judetzes, and further insight into the relationships between the materials in the collection. This series is open.

Series III

Series III consists of additions donated in 1997 to complete the original collection in Series I. Eugenia Popesu-Judetz submitted the remainder of the dance notations collected by her and her husband. The series also contains fieldnotes organized into dance indexes. There are also some materials such as postcards, photographs, publicity pamphlets, and sheet music organized by Eugenia Popescu-Judetz into the category of ephemera.


Gheorghe Popescu-Judetz (1911-1972) was born in the village of Beleti-Negresti, Muscel district, in the Muntenia region of Romania. He became interested in folk dancing as a teenager, and began performing as principal dancer with amateur ensembles in Bucharest. He obtained degrees from several universities, and entered the teaching profession. In the 1930s and 1940s he was leader of and dancer with a number of organizations, including Asociatia Alunelul, the Dance Group of Liga Culturala Association, and the soldier dancers from the 30th Dorobantzi Army Unit. Gheorghe toured with some of these groups nationally and abroad. From 1949 to 1966, he was the choreographer and director of the Ciocîrlia Ensemble dance group, and made a number of foreign tours with them. Throughout the years, he also served as guest choreographer for other dance groups, professor of folk dance at various schools and seminars, and jury member at national folk arts competitions. In 1948 he married Eugenia Marisescu, who became his dance partner and research associate. In 1950 they won first prize in the International Folk Dance Competition in Prague for excellence in character dance performance.

Early in his career, Gheorghe became fascinated with his country's abundance of folk dances. Consequently, he dedicated his life to compiling a complete catalog and ethnographic description of all Romanian dances and variations. With no formal ethnographic training, he conducted extensive fieldwork throughout Romania between 1949 and 1972, often accompanied by a music transcriber, costume designer, ensemble dancers, and Eugenia. He published some of his research in ten books on folk dance (see "Related Publications") as well as in many journal and magazine articles. Gheorghe received numerous artistic awards throughout his life, and was honored in 1957 with the title, Artist Emeritus of Romania, for his work in the field of folk dance.

Eugenia Popescu-Judetz (1925-) was born in Giurgiu, a town on the Danube river in the Muntenia region of Romania. Although she trained in classical ballet as a child, Eugenia always had an interest in folk dance, which increased after she married. In her early career, she was a professional dancer and folk dance teacher with the National Theatre Ballet of Bucharest, performed with the Opera Theater, and taught dance in the High School of the Arts and in the Folk Ensemble of Bucharest. For a time she conducted research with the Romanian Folk Lore Institute, which gave her valuable training for future fieldwork. From 1954 to 1970 she was ballet master and choreographer of the Perinitza Folk Ensemble and toured internationally with them. Throughout these years, she taught workshops for folk dance instructors and amateur choreographers, created many choreographies for film and television, conducted field research, and lectured in Europe.

As part of a cultural exchange program, Eugenia traveled to the United States in the late 1960s to teach Romanian folk dance workshops. In 1973, she returned to the United States on an invitation from the Duquesne University Tamburitzans in Pittsburgh, PA. She became an adjunct professor at Duquesne and continued to teach and choreograph for the Tamburitzans. Eugenia received a master of arts degree in theology from Duquesne University and a doctorate in theatre criticism from the University of Pittsburgh. She is the author of numerous articles and books and continues to pursue intellectual interests.

For more detailed biographical information on the Popescu-Judetzes, see folder 16, "Curriculum vitae," and folder 196, "Oral history interview."




Folder 1
Archive of Folk Culture administrative materials. The collection guide (this document).
Administrative Materials
Folders 2-4
Inventory of music notebooks. 200-page typed inventory prepared by Eugenia Popescu-Judetz. In numerical order by notebook number. Includes melody title and genre, transcriber, place of recording, composer (if appropriate), instrument, singer/musician, and date of recording.
Folder 5
Inventory of music sheets. Sixteen-page typed inventory prepared by Eugenia Popescu-Judetz. In numerical order by sheet number. Each multi-leaved "sheet" contains a number of melodies. Includes transcriber, melody title, place of recording, musician, instrument, and date of recording.
Folder 6
Inventory of music arrangements. Three-page typed inventory prepared by Eugenia Popescu-Judetz. In numerical order by arrangement number. Includes name of arrangement, composer, and date of recording.
Folder 7
Inventory of field notebooks-dance notation. Four-page inventory prepared by Eugenia Popescu-Judetz. In numerical order by notebook number.
Folder 8
Inventory of dance notation files. Seventeen-page typed inventory prepared by Eugenia Popescu-Judetz. In numerical order by file number. Includes descriptions of types of dances by region or dance style, title of dance or choreography, or general description of contents (i.e., glossary, rhythmic diagrams).
Folders 9-11
Inventory of audio recordings. 238-page typed inventory prepared by Eugenia Popescu-Judetz. In numerical order by original tape number, with reference to the listening copies. Includes melody title and genre, singers and/or musicians, place of recording, instruments, and date of recording.
Folder 12
Audiotape concordance. Concordance of original audiotapes and listening copies. Includes handwritten concordance prepared by Eugenia Popescu-Judetz without AFC numbers.
Folders 13-14 Inventories of audio recordings by tape reel. Originals and photocopies of typed and handwritten sheets listing the contents of each audiotape reel. Prepared by Gheorghe and Eugenia Popescu-Judetz. Originals were housed with the tape reels.
Folder 15 Miscellaneous inventories. Inventories of dance indexes, photoprints, films, and published LPs (LPs transferred to Recorded Sound Division).
Folder 16 Curriculum vitae. Curriculum vitae of Gheorghe Popescu-Judetz and Eugenia Popescu-Judetz. Prepared by Eugenia Popescu-Judetz. Also includes miscellaneous biographical information.
Music Transcription
Boxes 2-6 Music notebooks. 113 9 1/2 x 6 1/2 bound, paper music notebooks. Arranged numerically in the collector's order. Contain holograph sketches and scores of more than 3,000 melodies transcribed in the field, 1949-1972. Predominantly dance tunes and songs. Identifying information includes melody title, transcriber, informant/musician, instruments, date, and place of recording (in Romanian). See folders 2-4 for inventory.
Folders 17-23 Music sheets. Forty sets of 9 1/2 x 14 bound and unbound, multiple-leaved music sheets. Arranged numerically in the collector's order. Contain holographic sketches and scores of more than 250 melodies transcribed in the field, 1950-1970. Predominantly dance tunes and songs. Identifying information includes melody title, transcriber, informant/musician, instruments, date and place of recording (in Romanian). See folder 5 for inventory.
Folders 24-31 Music arrangements. Fifty sets of 9 1/2 x 14 bound and unbound, multiple-leaved music sheets. Arranged numerically in the collector's order. Contain holographic harmonizations and scores created for performances by Ciocîrlia and Perinitza Ensembles, 1949-1969. Each score has a title, composer, and often the date of composition or transcription (in Romanian). See folder 6 for inventory.
Dance Notation
Boxes 11-15 Field notebooks-dance notation. Forty-five bound (hard- and soft-covered) paper notebooks, predominantly 5 3/4 x 8. Arranged numerically in the collector's order. Used by Gheorghe Popescu-Jedetz in the field, 1950-1970. Contain his handwritten notes, dance notations, sketches, etc. (in Romanian). Contributions occasionally made by Eugenia Popescu-Judetz. See folder 7 for inventory.
Folder 32 Dance notation book. One copy of Judetz Folk Dance Notation, created by Gheorghe Popescu-Judetz. Edited and revised by Eugenia Popescu-Judetz and James Rocevic. Pittsburgh PA: Duquesne University Tamburitzans, Institute of Folk Arts, 1979. Bound, paper-covered publication that explains the Judetz dance notation system. Includes notation exercises.
Folders 33-156 Dance notation files. Thirty-three "files" (original groupings) of 8 1/4 x 11 3/4 paper sheets of dance notation and description. Originals and photocopies. Arranged numerically by file number in the collector's order. Prepared by Gheorghe Popescu-Judetz, 1949-1952. The bulk of the material is handwritten dance notation, from sketches and rough drafts through publication-ready final versions. Descriptive information may include name of dance/variant, place, informant, and date. Dance notations usually grouped by region or dance type. Files also contain choreographies for performances, including staging diagrams; a manuscript of an ethnographic description of a wedding ritual (23 pages); a manuscript of a glossary of dances from Bicaz, Moldavia (421 pages); and classifications, diagrams, and analyses of rhythm and meter patterns (in Romanian).
Dance Index
Box 25
Folders 157-166
Index cards. Seven "stacks" (groups) of 6 x 4 sheets of paper containing information on individual dances. Arranged numerically in the collector's order, with several groupings by geographical region. Created by Gheorghe Popescu-Judetz, with some assistance from Eugenia and others, 1950-1970. Primarily based on information collected in the field and documented in sources listed above. For the most part, each sheet contains handwritten or typed information on a single dance type, including variants, locations, and other descriptive information (in Romanian). "Stack eight" consists of two-sided 8 x 11 3/4 sheets of thin paper, each containing handwritten copies of multiple index cards that since have been destroyed.
Box 27 Listing 1. Bound, alphabetically-tabbed 8 1/2 x 11 3/4 volume containing a list of more than 4,000 dance names. Within each tabbed section, dance names and locations listed in random order (in Romanian). Handwritten by Gheorghe Popescu-Judetz, 1965-1970. Primarily based on information collected in the field and documented in other sources in the collection. Contains notes on informants and so forth in the back.
Folders 167-168 Listing 2. Thirty-four page manuscript listing dances from Bicaz, Moldavia region. Typewritten with handwritten corrections (in Romanian). Based on materials collected in the field 1954-1956 and documented in other sources listed above. Dances indexed by name, place, and variants. Created by Gheorghe Popescu-Judetz to accompany unpublished volume on folk dances from the Bicaz area (see folders 113-136, 174-178).
Folders 169-173 Listings 3-4. Two sets of paper sheets (one 8 1/2 x 11 3/4 and one 6 x 8 1/2, respectively) containing drafts and worksheets of dance listings from all regions. Handwritten by Gheorghe Popescu-Judetz (in Romanian).
Graphs and Maps
Folders 174-178 Graphs and maps. Two multi-paged, bound, handwritten graphs and three hand-drawn maps containing analyses of dances from the Bicaz area (originals and photocopies). Prepared by Gheorghe Popescu-Judetz to accompany the manuscript on folk dances from this area (see folders 113-136, 167-168). The graphs depict characteristics of 213 dances (such as formation, positions, function, location) and the frequency by location of 90 dances, respectively. The maps portray 1) the "interference and circulation" of dances (transmission and dissemination), 2) the transmission of one dance type (ardelesc), and 3) zones of "interpenetration" (influences from other regions).
Folders 179-180 Scenarios. Two handwritten manuscripts describing scenarios for two stage productions by Eugenia Popescu-Judetz (in Romanian). The Dobrudja Suite scenario was created in 1960 for the Perinitza Ensemble. The Moldavian Folk Theater scenario was created in 1964 for the Ciocîrlia Ensemble.
Dance Notes  
Folders 181-182 Dance Notes. Draft of introduction to unpublished volume on 200 folk dances from Olt, Muntenia region (in Romanian). Handwritten and typewritten by Gheorghe Popescu-Judetz, based on research conducted 1966-1972.
Folders 183-184 Show programs. Miscellaneous programs of performances in Romania and elsewhere of the Perinitza Ensemble and other groups that feature choreographic works by Gheorghe and Eugenia Popescu-Judetz, 1938-1974. In Romanian, Turkish, French, German, and English.
Folders 185-188 Show programs, Tamburitzans. Performance programs of the Duquesne University Tamburitzans, 35th to 43rd seasons. Arranged chronologically (1971-1980). Includes choreographic works by Eugenia Popescu-Judetz.
Folder 189 Publicity. Photocopies of newsclippings documenting the international activities of Eugenia Popescu-Judetz and the Perinitza Ensemble, 1968-1971. In English, Finnish, French, and Turkish.
Folder 190 Printed music from the collection. Four printed music folios of dance music from the collection (n.d.). The music was used by the Popescu-Judetzes in workshops where they taught folk dances to teachers from folk art schools and to amateur choreographers.
Folders 191-192 Album jackets and sheet music covers. Photocopies of published album jackets and sheet music covers of Romanian folk dance music. Original materials transferred to Recorded Sound Division.
Folder 193 Album notes. Photocopies of portions of the booklets accompanying "Antologia Muzicii Populare Romanesti" (Anthology of Romanian Folk Music), volumes one and two. Describes folk instruments, songs, dances, and customs in English. Original discs and booklets transferred to Recorded Sound Division.
Folders 194-195 Costume collection, Kent State University. Accession reports and inventory lists from the Kent State University Museum collection of costumes, artifacts, and photographs donated by Eugenia Popescu-Judetz. Includes items on long-term loan from the Duquesne University Tamburitzans' Popescu-Judetz Collection of Romanian Costumes and Artifacts. Also includes two copies of the brochure, "The Romanian Exhibition," presented by the Kent State University Museum that contains photographs of costumes donated by Eugenia Popescu-Judetz.
Forty-eight mono 5" reels. AFC 1990/022:SR1-48. Original field recordings made by Gheorghe and Eugenia Popescu-Judetz between 1950-1972. Arranged numerically in the collector's order. Listening copies are available in the Folklife Reading Room. See folders 9-11 for inventory.
Boxes 30-32, 36-39 117 original black-and-white photoprints of various sizes and one color photoprint, AFC 1990/022:P1-P118. Photographed by Gheorghe Popescu-Judetz and others. Arranged in rough chronological order in the following groups: fieldwork, Gheorghe Popescu-Judetz and Ciocîrlia Ensemble, photoprints and portraits of Gheorghe and Eugenia Popescu-Judetz, series for sketches of the Doiul dance from Banat, and Eugenia Popescu-Judetz. See folder 15 for inventory. Reference photoprints and copy negatives are available. NOTE: Photoprints AFC 1990/022:P101-118 sent by donor 7/96.
Folders 198-200 Photocopies of photoprints.
Box 33 1 reel, 8 mm, 100 ft., silent, black and white film. Filmed by Marty Koenig, 1966, in Dobrudja, Romania. Koenig later gave this copy of the film to Eugenia Popescu-Judetz. Documents Gheorghe Popescu-Judetz, in street clothes, demonstrating a Brîul dance. AFC1990/022:F1.

1 reel, 16 mm, 55 ft., silent, black and white film. Filmed by Gheorghe Popescu-Judetz, 1952, in Transylvania. Informants Liana Tircolea and Gheorghe Covaci, dressed in costume, demonstrate a couple dance, Suita de pe Somes. Covaci then demonstrates a men's dance, Barbuncul. AFC1990/022:F2.

1 reel, 8 mm, 86 ft., silent, black and white film. Filmed by Gheorghe Popescu-Judetz, 1955, in Moldavia, Muntenia, and Oltenia. Documents various informants in costume, outdoor scenes, and panoramic views. AFC1990/022:F3.


Folder 196 Oral history interview. Questions, tape logs, and notes from interviews with donor Eugenia Popescu-Judetz, March 28-30, 1995. Conducted by Michelle Forner at the American Folklife Center, Library of Congress. See audio recordings AFC 1990/022:SR49-57 and video recordings AFC 1990/022:V1-5. Also includes notes from phone interview on June 16, 1995.
Folder 201 Dance Studies article: "Jienii". Photocopy of article by Eugenia Popescu-Judetz, "Disemic Features in the Romanian Folk Musical 'Jienii.'" Appeared in Dance Studies, Volume 3, 1993. Article focused on material drawn from Popescu-Judetz Collection. (Forwarded by donor to collection, 7/96.)
Folder 202 Music notation-Dance Studies article. Copies of hand-written music notation of songs from the musical "Jienii." Notation appeared in the Dance Studies article in Folder 201. (Forwarded by donor to collection, 7/96.)
Box 34 Oral history interview: Nine audiocassettes, AFC 1990/022:SR49-57. Interviews with Eugenia Popescu-Judetz conducted by Michelle Forner at the American Folklife Center, Library of Congress, March 28-30, 1995. Recorded concurrently with videotapes. Listening copies available in the Folklife Reading Room.
Folder 197, Envelope 1 Interview session photographs. One sheet of black and white 35 mm negatives (36 images), one 8 x 10 black and white contact sheet, and four black and white 8 x 10 photoprints taken of Eugenia Popescu-Judetz and Michelle Forner during an interview session, March 30, 1995. Photographed by James Hardin.
Box 35 Oral history interview: Five videocassettes, hi8, AFC 1990/022:V1-5. Interviews with Eugenia Popescu-Judetz conducted by Michelle Forner at the American Folklife Center, Library of Congress, March 28-30, 1995. Filmed concurrently with audiotapes. Viewing copies available in the Folklife Reading Room


Dance Notation  
Boxes 40-49 Dance Notation Files. Twenty-four "files" (original groupings) added to the collection to compliment the files in folders 33-156. The new files contain dance descriptions, dance typologies, field notes, and costume documentation. There is a folder on chants and lyrics from Strigaturi and an ethnography on the folk dances of Oltenia. New Years customs are documented here as well as folk theater from Moldavia. There are monographic descriptions from the Bicaz, Muntenia, Moldavia, and Dobrdja region specifically.
Dance Index  
Box 50 Listing 5. 397 manuscript pages containing a list of the dance names from Moldavia, Pitra Neamt and Bacau areas and a dance dictionary/glossary from the Bicaz area.
Folders 254-257 Listing 6. 400 manuscript pages containing dance names and repertoire from Muntenia, Dobrudja, and Oltenia and a dance glossary of Briul.
Folders 258-259 Listing 7. 257 manuscript pages containing dance dictionaries from Dobrudja and Banat,
repertoire lists from Banat, and dance glossaries from Muntenia and Arges.
Folders 260-262 Listing 8. 236 manuscript pages containing a dance dictionary of Banat dances and repertoire lists from Dobrudja and Muntenia.
Folders 263-265 Listing 9. 252 manuscript pages containing a dance repertoire from Bacau area, Moldavia. This listing also contains indexes of names from Piatra Neamt, Moldavia and dance lists from North Moldavia.
Folders 266-269 Listing 10. 313 manuscript pages containing dance repertoire lists from Muntenia, Pitesti, Dambovita, Faurei, Olt, Vedea, and Teleajen regions. This listing also holds an index/glossary of dances from Galati area.
Folder 270 Listing 11. 101 manuscript pages containing a dance dictionary from Dobrudja, dance name lists from South Transylvania, and dance lists from Oltenia and Olt areas of Muntenia.
Folders 271-272 Listing 12. This listing contains index cards and repertoire lists from all regions. The documents in this listing are of smaller that usual size.
Folder 273 Listing 13. This listing contains 98 manuscript pages of a dance dictionary of the Bicaz area of Moldavia and graphs.
Folders 274-275 Publications. Dances, described and notated, published in the magazine Cultura Poporului and Indrumatorul. Originals and duplications.
Folder 276 Portfolio. Contains photographs, publicity, programs, and postcards.


The contents of the following books were drawn from field research conducted by the

Popescu-Judetz, Eugenia. Sixty Folk Dances of Romania. Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania: Duquesne University Tamburitzans, Institute of Folk Arts, 1979. GV1685.P67

Popescu-Judetz, Eugenia and James Roncovic, ed. Judetz Folk Dance Notation. Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania: Duquesne University Tamburitzans, Institute of Folk Arts, 1979. GV1587.J82

Popescu-Judetz, Gheorghe. Brîul (Dance on Belt). Bucharest: Editura de Stat Pentru Literatura si Arta, 1956.

________. Dansul Popular Românesc - StudII (Romanian Folk Dance Studies). Bucharest: Editura de Stat Didactica si Pedagogica, 1958.

________. Jocuri Din Banat (Dances from Banat). Bucharest: Editura de Stat Pentru Literatura si Arta, 1956. GV1685.P64

________. Jocuri Populare Din Dobrogea (Folk Dances from Dobrudja). Dobrudja: Casa Regionala a Creatiei Populare, 1965. GV1679.P66

________. Jocuri Populare Din Oas Si Maramures (Folk Dances from Oas and Maramures). Maramures: Casa Regionala a Creatiei Populare, 1963. GV1686.M37P66 1963

________. Jocuri Populare Din Regiunea Arges (Folk Dances from Arges Region). Bucharest: Editura Muzicala, 1963. GV1686.A73P66 1963

________. Jocuri Populare Din Regiunea Bucharesti (Folk Dances from Bucharest Region). Bucharest: Editura Muzicala, 1961.

________. Jocuri Populare Oltenesti Vol. I. (Folk Dances from Oltenia). Bucharest: Editura de Stat Didactica si Pedagogica, 1958. GV1686.044P67 1958

________. Jocuri Populare Oltenesti Vol. II. (Folk Dances from Oltenia). Bucharest: Editura de Stat Didactica si Pedagogica, 1959.

________. Jocuri Populare Românesti (Romanian Folk Dances). Bucharest: Editura Muzicala, 1959. GV1685.P66



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