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Finding Aids to Individual Collections in the Archive of Folk Culture

Fletcher Collins Jr. Collection

AFC 1939/003

Prepared by Todd Harvey
Library of Congress
American Folklife Center
April 2004

Collection Summary

Call No.: AFC 1939/003
Creator: Collins, Fletcher
Title: Fletcher Collins Jr. Collection
Dates: 1935-1944
Contents: Two boxes, ten linear inches of manuscript material, approx. 1000 manuscripts and 33 sound recordings [discs]
Repository: Archive of Folk Culture, American Folklife Center, Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.
Summary: The Fletcher Collins Jr. Collection documents the Anglo-American folksong collecting activities of Fletcher Collins Jr. from the mid-1930s to the early 1940s in North Carolina, Virginia, and West Virginia. It includes manuscript materials and sound recordings.

Collection Concordance by Format

Quantity Physical Description Location, Container Count, I.D. Numbers
Manuscript Materials
22 folders, two boxes AFC
Sound Recordings
33 discs M/B/RS
(21 12-inch aluminum based) AFS 2235, AFS 3769-3788
(12 12-inch glass based) AFS 6482-6493
Electronic Media
1 Database afc_1939003.mdb


Administrative Information

Provenance:
The collection was acquired in three separate gifts: 21 discs in 1939, 12 discs in 1942, and all manuscript materials in 2002.

Processing History:

Preservation copies of the discs were made as part of Library Work Order (LWO) 4872 in the 1960s. The manuscript materials were processed by Todd Harvey in 2003.

Location:
While the American Folklife Center is the custodial division for this collection, some materials may be stored with other divisions, e.g., Motion Picture, Broadcasting and Recorded Sound Division. Consult a reference librarian in the Folklife Reading Room for specific information.

Access:
Listening and viewing access to the collection is unrestricted. Listening copies of the recordings are available in the Folklife Reading Room.

Restrictions:
Restrictions may apply concerning the use, duplication, or publication of these and other items in this collection. Consult a reference librarian in the Folklife Reading Room for specific information.

Electronic Format:
Consult a reference librarian in the Folklife Reading Room for a database, created with Access 2000 software, of sound recordings.

Related Collections:
The "Man-on-the-Street" Interviews Collection (AFC 1941/004) and The "Dear Mr. President" Collection (AFC 1942/003) are available online as After the Day of Infamy: "Man-on-the-Street" Interviews Following the Attack on Pearl Harbor http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/afcphhtml/afcphhome.html. See also the Radio Research Project Manuscript Collection (AFC 1941/005); The September 11, 2001, Documentary Project (AFC 2001/015); The Fletcher Collins Jr. Oral History Collection (AFC 2002/004)

Preferred Citation:
Researchers wishing to cite this collection should include the following information: Fletcher Collins Jr. Collection, Archive of Folk Culture, American Folklife Center, Library of Congress.

The Collector

Fletcher Collins Jr. was born on November 19, 1906, in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. He graduated from Yale University (Ph.B. 1928, Ph.D. 1934) and was a professor of English at Elon College in North Carolina (1936-42). Collins founded the drama department at Mary Baldwin College in Staunton, Virginia, where he is professor emeritus (1946-77). He is the author of Alamance Play-Party Songs and Singing Games (1940, reprint 1973), Medieval Church Music-Dramas (1976), and Troubadour & Trouvère Songs in Singable English (2 vols. 2000-2001), and numerous other books and articles.

Key Subjects

Note: An asterisk denotes a subject term or a name (whether a person, a group, an organization, or a location) that does not have an LC Subject or Name Authority Headings record. Brackets are used for additional information not included in the Authority Headings.

Genres
Ballads
Fiddle tunes
Fiddling
Folk songs

Instruments
Fiddle
Banjo

Languages
English

Locations
Alamance County (N.C.)
Arthurdale (W. Va.)
Brown Summit (N.C.)
Burlington (N.C.)
Elon College (N.C.)
Fancy Gap (Va.)*
Greensboro (N.C.)

Performers
[These are the performers from the sound recordings only.]
Cole, Calvin
Greer, I. G. (Isaac Garfield), 1881-1967
Greer, Mrs. I. G.*
Hawkins, Louis*
Meredith, Russell*
Newman, Mrs. J. U.*
Quesinberry, Jackson*
Tate, Dan, b. 1896
Wagoner, John*
Wagoner, Pete*
Wagoner, Vasteen*
Weddle, Mrs. Susan*


Scope and Content Note

The manuscript materials in this collection were donated to the Library of Congress in July 2002 and reflect Collins's Anglo-American folk music collecting activities from 1935 to 1944. Collins undertook numerous projects including a song book titled A Southern Songster and a radio series on WBIG, Greensboro, NC. Administrative papers and correspondence for these and other projects are included among the manuscript materials.

The song and tune transcriptions reflect, for the most part, Collins's collecting in North Carolina, Virginia, and West Virginia from 1935 to 1941. Many are the result of Collins's fieldwork while others were mailed to him or transcribed from printed sources. Contextual information (performer, date, place) is provided for about two-thirds of the songs. Some of the disc recordings were transcribed and are included among the manuscripts.

Collins made twenty-one disc recordings in March 1939 (AFS 2235, AFS 3769-3788) under the auspices of the WPA Joint Committee on Folk Arts and deposited them that year at the Library of Congress. In fall 1941, as part of the Library's equipment loan program, Collins borrowed a Presto disc recorder and blank discs. During November and December 1941 he made fifteen disc recordings in Brown Summit (AFS 6491), Burlington (AFS 6365-6366, perhaps 6494), Elon College (AFS 6492-6493), and Greensboro (AFS 6482-6486), North Carolina, and in Fancy Gap, Virginia (AFS 6487-6490). The two discs made in Burlington, Dec. 8, 1941, were in response to Alan Lomax's call for "man-on-the-street" reactions to the Pearl Harbor attacks the day prior. Collins quickly shipped those to Washington, D.C.; today they are included in a separate collection (AFC 1941/004: The Man-on-the-Street Interviews Collection). The remainder of Collins's 1941 recordings were shipped to the Library in early 1942. In 1942 Collins was asked to participate in Lomax's follow-up program, "Dear Mr. President," for which he recorded three discs (AFS 6417-6419). These were sent to the Library in 1942 and are today housed as a separate collection (AFC 1942/003: "Dear Mr. President" Interviews Collection). Collins describes his collecting experiences in the Fletcher Collins Jr. Oral History Collection (AFC 2002/004).

Collection Inventory and Description

 

SERIES I: MANUSCRIPT MATERIALS

 
Box /Folder Folder Title and Summary of Contents
 
  Administrative Files  
Box 1    
Folder 1 Collection Guide  
Correspondence  
Folder 2 Correspondence-General, 1936-44  
Folder 3 Correspondence-Library of Congress Recording Project, 1941-43  
     
  Collecting and Recording Projects  
Folder 4 Indexes-Library of Congress Recording Project, 1939-42  
Folder 5 "The Wreck of Old '97" Project, 1939
Folder 6 WBIG Radio Programs, 1940  
Folder 7 "A Southern Songster" Project, 1940-44  
   
  Song Indexes and Transcriptions
Folder 8 Songs-Original Folders, Photocopies  
Folder 9 Songs-Collections  
Folder 10 Songs-Collections, Spiral Notebooks
Folder 11 Songs-Collections, Arthurdale Fiddle Tunes
 
Box 2    
Folder 12 Songs: A-B
Folder 13 Songs: C-D
Folder 14 Songs: E-F
Folder 15 Songs: G-H
Folder 16 Songs: I-J
Folder 17 Songs: K-L
Folder 18 Songs: M-N
Folder 19 Songs: O-P
Folder 20 Songs: Q-R
Folder 21 Songs: S-T
Folder 22 Songs: U-Z
   
 

SERIES II: SOUND RECORDINGS

  Discs
AFS 2235, AFS 3769-3788 (preservation tapes, LWO 4872, reels 142B, 245B-246)
AFS 6482-6493 (preservation tapes, LWO 4872, reels 413B-414A)

Appendix: Song Titles

These titles are taken from both the manuscript materials and the sound recordings.

"Adam and Eve"
"All My Sins Are Taken Away"
"Arkansas Traveler"
"As I Went Out One Morning in May"
"As the Ship Went Down"
"Aunt Jemima"
"Babes in the Wood"
"Baggage Coach Ahead, The"
"Barbara Allen"
"Berayna"
"Best Old Man in the World"
"Bible Is the Engineer, The"
"Big Black Billy Goat"
"Bill Bailey"
"Billy Boy"
"Billy Grimes"
"Birmingham Jail"
"Blind Child's Prayer, The"
"Blind Girl, The"
"Blue Juniata, The"
"Boll Weevil, The"
"Bonny Barbary Allen"
"Boston Burglar, The"
"Boy's Best Friend Is His Mother, A"
"Brambly Briars"
"Brown Eyes"
"Buckeye Jim"
"Bully of the Town, The"
"Butcher Boy"
"Captain, Captain, Tell Me True"
"Casey Jones"
"Charleston Merchant, The"
"Charlie Lawson"
"Charlie over the Water"
"Chick-a-ma-craney-ma-crow"
"Cindy"
"Claude Allen"
"Cock Robin"
"Coffee Grows in a White Oak Tree"
"Come All You Fair and Tender Ladies"
"Come All You Good People"
"Common Bill"
"Cruel Mother, The/Down by the Greenwood Side/Hangman"
"Death of Jesse James, The"
"Derby Ram, The"
"Derby Town"
"Devil and the Farmer, The"
"Dog and Gun"
"Down by the Seashore"
"Down in Arkansaw"
"Drowsy Sleeper"
"Dusty Miller"
"Dying Cowboy, The"
"Dying Cowboy's Lament"
"Edward/The Little Guinea Pig"
"Eliza Jane"
"Ellen Smith"
"Fair Charlotte/Young Charlotte"
"Fair Young Maid, A"
"Fare You Well, My Own True Love"
"Farmers, The"
"Fellow That-A Looks Like Me, The"
"Fickle Lover, The"
"Flop Eared Mule"
"Foggy Foggy Dew"
"Fond Affections"
"Fox, The"
"Frankie and Johnny"
"Frog in the Park"
"Frog in the Pool"
"Frog Went A-Courting"
"George Came Riding through the Town"
"George Collins"
"George Riley"
"Giddyyap Napoleon"
"Git on Board, Little Children"
"Give Me Three Grains of Corn"
"Go In and Out of the Window"
"Go Tell Aunt Patsy"
"Go Tell That Weary Travelling Man"
"Going Down the Road Feeling Bad"
"Good Old Man, The (Four Nights Drunk)"
"Grasshopper Sittin' on a Sweet Potater Vine"
"Green Beds"
"Green Grow the Rushes-Ho/The Ditty Song"
"Green Grows the Laurel"
"Green Grows the Willow Tree"
"Green Mountain Polka"
"Ground Hog"
"Guerilla Man, The"
"Gypsy Laddie, The/The Blackjack Davy"
"Gypsy's Warning, The"
"Hangman, The"
"Hi! Lowlanders"
"House Carpenter, The"
"How Old Are You My Pretty Little Pink?"
"I Asked My Love to Take a Walk/Pretty Susan"
"I Caught a Beau"
"I Don't Love Nobody"
"I Lost My Glove"
"I Married Me a Wife"
"I Stepped Out One Morning in May"
"I'll Build Me a Castle"
"I'll Need Not Your Kind Caresses"
"I'm Happy"
"If I Had a Butcher Knife"
"Independence Song"
"Independent Lover"
"Indian Song"
"Irish Molly-O"
"Is This the Promise You Made to Me?"
"Jack Has Gone A-Sailing"
"Jealous Lover of Lone Green Valley, The/Fair Young Ellen"
"Jeff Davis"
"Jew's Daughter, The"
"Jockey Hat, The"
"Joe Bowers"
"John Henry"
"Johnny Doyle"
"Johnny Home from Sea"
"Johnny Randolph"
"Journeyman Tailor"
"Kenny Wagoner"
"King William Was King George's Son"
"Kitty Cline"
"Kitty Runs"
"Kitty Went Fiddle-Die-Dee"
"Lady Isabel and the Elf Knight"
"Let My Name Be Kindly Spoken"
"Letter Edged in Black, The"
"Lexington Murder/Nellie Cropsey"
"Little Brown Jug"

"Little David, Play on Your Harp"
"Little Mary Fagan"
"Little Mohee, The"
"Little Rosewood Casket, The"
"Little Sparrow/The Cuckoo/I'll Build Up a Castle"
"London Bridge Is Breaking Down"
"Long Time Ago"
"Lord Bateman"
"Lord Lovel"
"Lord Randal"
"Lord Thomas and Fair Ella"
"Love Henry"
"Lover's Leap"
"Maggie"
"Mary and Sandy (Sandy Far at Sea)"
"Mary Golden Tree, The"
"Mary, Martha, and Lazarus"
"Maumee Maid, The"
"Mermaid, The"
"Michael Roy"
"Miller and His Son, The"
"Miller's Will, The"
"Mister Frog Went A-Courting"
"Mnemonic school songs:
    (a) ABC's, (b) Spelling, (c) Multiplication table,
    (d) Geography"
"Molly Bond"
"Molly Bright"
"Moonshiner's Dream"
"Moravian Song"
"My Grandmother's Advice"
"My Soldier Scarce Twenty-Four Years Old"
"Naomi Wise"
"New River Train"
"Nightingale, The"
"Nobody's Business"
"Oats, Peas, Beans"
"Oh, To Me the Time Draws Near"
"Oh, What a Happy Land Is England"
"Oh, Where is My Sweetheart?"
"Old Arm Chair, The"
"Old Bangum"
"Old Gray Goose, The"
"Old Joe Clark"
"Old Maid, The"
"Old Rosin the Beau"
"Old Sally Brown"
"Old Smokey"
"Old Woman and the Preacher, The"
"On the Tennessee"
"On to Richmond"
"On Top of Old Smokies/The Wagoner's Lad"
"Orphan Girl"
"Our Camp's in the Wilderness"
"Oyster Girl, The"
"Paddy the Barber"
"Paper of Pins, A"
"Pig in the Parlor"
"Pretty Sarah"
"Quaker Lover, The"
"Raggedy Ann"
"Red River Valley"
"Reply to the Gypsy's Warning, The"
"Rich Man and Lazarus, The"
"Rich Merchant, The (The Brown Girl)"
"Rock Island Line, The"
"Romish Lady, The"
"Run, Nigger, Run"
"Sailor Boy"
"Saint James Infirmary"
"Seaman on the Doe, The"
"Seven Long Years I Served My King"
"Shabby Genteel, The"
"Sheepskin and Beeswax"
"Shoot the Buffalo"
"Silver Dagger"
"Silvery Tide, The"
"Single Gal (When I Was Single)"
"Skip to My Lou"
"Soldier and the Lady, The"
"Soldier, Soldier"
"Soldier, Won't You Marry Me?"
"Soldier's Advice, The"
"Soldier's Poor Little Boy, A"
"Soldier's Sweetheart, The"
"Sourwood Mountain"
"Sparkling Sunday Night"
"Springfield Mountain"
"Steamboat Bill"
"Stepmother, The"
"Storm Is on the Ocean, The"
"Sugar Hill"
"Sweet Are the Flowers in Springtime"
"Sweet William and Fair Ellen"
"Sydna Allen"
"Take This Hammer"
"There's Some Sees Lots of Pleasures"
"Three Babes, The"
"Three Little Girls Went Skating"
"Time Draws Near, The"
"Tom Boleyn"
"Tree in the Wood, The"
"Turkey in the Mountain (I Don't Have Old Cindy)"
"Turkey in the Straw"
"Twenty Long Years We've Been Married"
"Two Brothers, The"
"Two Sisters"
"Ugly Mug"
"Villikin's Dinah"
"Wabash Blues"
"Waily, Waily"
"Wayfaring Stranger"
"We've Come to Judgement"
"Weeping Willow Tree, The"
"Weevily Wheat"
"When the World's on Fire"
"Whistle, Daughter, Whistle"
"Whoa Mule"
"Wife of Usher's Well, The"
"Wild Irishman, The"
"Will the Circle Be Unbroken"
"William Taylor"
"Willie and Polly (Pretty Polly)"
"Willie My Darling Come Back"
"Willie Ransome"
"Woman Who Made Her Old Man Blind, The"
"Wreck of Ninety-Seven"
"Wreck of Number Nine, The"
"Ye Guardian Powers"
"Young Collins"
"Young Man Who Wouldn't Hoe His Corn, The"

 

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