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Benjamin Botkin Lecture Series: Texts from the Event Flyers
Stetson Kennedy and "Building Democracy in America"
Stetson Kennedy, folklorist, social activist and author, in conversation
with Peggy Bulger, Director of American Folklife Center
Co-sponsored by Holland & Knight LLP
Tuesday, May 24, 2005
12:00 noon to 1:00 pm
Room 119 1st Floor, Thomas Jefferson Building
Library of Congress 10 First Street, SE
Stetson Kennedy: His Life and Work as
Florida Folklorist, Social Activist and Author
Stetson Kennedy, 88, is a native of Florida who was the head of that state's
Folklore Project of the Federal Writers' Project, a branch of the
Works Progress Administration (WPA) that conducted unprecedented field
research that resulted in the documentation of hundreds of traditional
stories, songs, occupational culture and many other aspects of Florida's
diverse cultural heritage. The most famous of the folklorists who worked
under Kennedy's direction was the celebrated African American novelist
and playwright, Zora Neale Hurston. The research done by Kennedy, Hurston
and others was carried out from 1937 to 1942, and it produced one-of-a-kind
sound recordings of ordinary men and women, photographs, researchers' notes
and reports, and other documentary materials, which are now preserved at
the Library of Congress. A book by Kennedy, Palmetto Country (1942), is
a detailed survey of Florida folklife derived from the data he and his
Federal Writers' Project colleagues compiled.
Stetson Kennedy is also known for risking his life to infiltrate the Ku
Klux Klan during the 1950s as an undercover agent for the Georgia Bureau
of Investigation, learning the secret organization's beliefs and
codes, and then leaking the information to columnist/broadcaster Drew Pearson
who, in turn, exposed the Klan's nefarious work to the American public.
Kennedy's book, The Klan Unmasked (1955), tells the story against
the backdrop of African American human rights.
Other books by Kennedy include Southern Exposure (1946), The Jim Crow
Guide to the U.S.A.: The Laws, Customs and Etiquette Governing the Conduct
of Nonwhites and Other Minorities as Second-Class Citizens (1973), and
After Appomatox: How the South Won the War (1995)
Another important facet of Kennedy's life is the friendships he
forged with prominent writers, philosophers, and folklorists, including
Richard Wright, Jean Paul Sartre, Simone de Beauvoir, Marjoie Kinnan Rawlings,
Studs Turkel, Alan Lomax, Langston Hughes, Howard Fast, and Alice Walker.
Beginning in the 1950s, Kennedy shared a deep friendship with Woody Guthrie,
the legendary singer, song writer and social activist. Guthrie was a frequent
visitor to Kennedy's 20-acre home, "Lake Beluthahatchee," south
of Jacksonville, where he wrote the final draft of his autobiography.
Stetson Kennedy's presentation will take place in Room 119 of the
Thomas Jefferson Building of the Library of Congress. It will be introduced
by Dr. Peggy Bulger, director of the American Folklife Center, whose doctoral
dissertation is about Kennedy, and facilitated by Dr. John Y. Cole, an
expert on the Federal Writers' Project who is the director of the
Center for the Book at the Library of Congress.