A Gothic Revival
Richard Upjohn (1802-1878)
[Unidentified Gothic Revival Church],
Graphite, ink and watercolor
on paper, ca. 1850s
Founder and first president of the American Institute of Architects,
Richard Upjohn was a key figure in introducing the Gothic Revival
to the United States and in defining the form of American church
architecture, including Trinity Church in New York.
The flowering of the Episcopal Church in America in the 1840s
and 1850s led to numerous and widespread commissions to Upjohn
for church buildings. These churches, and those illustrated in
publications like his Rural Architecture (1852),
served as patterns for countless buildings throughout the country.