1000 B.C.E.–2000 A.D.
1000 B.C.E.–1650 A.D.
Kite is invented in China.
c. 852 B.C.E.
English King Bladud is apparently killed attempting to fly.
c. 400 B.C.E.
Archytas of Tarentum is reported to have made a steam-propelled pigeon.
c. 1250 A.D.
Roger Bacon, English cleric, writes about mechanical flight.
Leonardo da Vinci designs flying machines and parachute.
Manoscritti di Leonardo da Vinci Sul Volo degli Uccelli e Varie Altre Materie. Paris: E. Rouveyre, 1893. (22.1)
Francesco de Lana Terzi publishes a design for lighter-than-air ship.
Giovanni Borelli, Italian mathematician, concludes human muscle is inadequate for flight.
Bartolomeu Laurenço de Gusmao designs model glider.
Jean François Pilâtre de Rozier and Marquis d'Arlandes make the first free aerial voyage in a Montgolfier hot-air balloon
Jacques Alexandre César Charles and M.N. Robert fly in a hydrogen balloon..
Expérience du globe aerostatique du MM. Charles et Robert au Jardin des Thuileries le 1er décembre 1783. Paris: Chez Esnauts et Rapilly . . . , 1783. (31)
Jean-Pierre Blanchard and John Jeffries cross the English Channel by balloon.
Jean François de Rozier and Pierre Romain are the first ballooning fatalities.
André Jacques Garnerin makes the first human parachute descent, from a balloon.
George Cayley publishes classic treatise on aviation.
William Henson's design for aerial steam carriage is published.
George Cayley's biplane design is published.
Henri Giffard's steam-powered airship makes first flight.
Wilbur Wright is born.
Alphonse Pénaud experiments with twisted rubber to power model helicopter.
Orville Wright is born.
Otto Lilienthal publishes Der Vogelflug als Grunlage der Fliegekunst.
Otto Lilienthal begins successful gliding experiments.
Otto Lilienthal flies biplane gliders.
Octave Chanute begins biplane gliding experiments in Michigan.
Samuel P. Langley produces successful steam-powered models that fly.
Otto Lilienthal crashes while gliding and dies next day.
Alberto Santos-Dumont, Brazilian aviator, circles Eiffel Tower in airship.
Samuel Langley's full-size manned “Aerodrome A” crashes on take-off.
Orville and Wilbur Wright make first powered, sustained, and controlled flight in a heavier-than-air flying machine.
1 of 2
Alberto Santos-Dumont makes first successful powered flight in Europe.
Louis Bleriot, French aviator, makes first airplane crossing of English Channel.
Robert H. Goddard makes first free flight of a liquid-fueled rocket.
Charles A. Lindbergh completes first solo, nonstop trans-Atlantic flight.
Frank Whittle, British inventor, invents the jet engine.
Amelia Earhart is the first woman to fly a solo non-stop trans-Atlantic flight.
A modern airliner, Boeing 247, flies for the first time.
Germany's Heinkel 178 is the first fully jet-propelled aircraft to fly.
Charles E. Yeager pilots Bell X-1—the first aircraft to exceed the speed of sound in level flight.
Soviet Union launches first man-made earth satellite, Sputnik 1.
Soviet cosmonaut, Yuri Gagarin, is the first man in space.
John H. Glenn, Jr., is the first American to orbit the earth.
U.S. astronauts Neil A. Armstrong and Edwin E. Aldrin, Jr., are the first to walk on the moon.
First space station, Soviet Salyut 1, is launched into earth's orbit.
U.S. launches the first reusable spacecraft, the Columbia shuttle.
First two modules of the International Space Station are launched and joined together in orbit.
First crew arrives to take up residence in the International Space Station.