Library of Congress > Collections with Maps > Rochambeau Map Collection


The Rochambeau Map Collection contains cartographic items used by Jean Baptiste Donatien de Vimeur, comte de Rochambeau (1725-1807), when he was commander in chief of the French expeditionary army (1780-82) during the American Revolution. The maps were from Rochambeau's personal collection, cover much of eastern North America, and date from 1717 to 1795. The maps show Revolutionary-era military actions, some of which were published in England and France, and early state maps from the 1790s. Many of the items in this extraordinary group of maps show the importance of cartographic materials in the campaigns of the American Revolution as well as Rochambeau's continuing interest in the new United States.

The collection consists of 40 manuscript and 26 printed maps, and a manuscript atlas, the originals of which are in the Library of Congress' Geography and Map Division.

The Rochambeau Map Collection contains maps and papers collected and used by Jean Baptiste Donatien de Vimeur, comte de Rochambeau (1725-1807) during and after the American Revolution (1776 to 1783). The personal papers of comte de Rochambeau, commander in chief of the French forces during the American Revolution, were purchased by an act of Congress in 1883. Included in the collection are 40 manuscript and 26 printed maps, and a manuscript atlas. These cartographic materials are in the Library of Congress' Geography and Map Division.

The maps and views cover both much of the continent of North America, from as far north as Placentia Bay in Newfoundland and Labrador, to the Mississippi River Valley and as far south as Haiti on the island of Hispaniola. The maps date from 1717 to 1795, but the majority of the items are from the years of the American Revolution. For his personal use and later as mementos of his time in America, Rochambeau collected maps of fortifications and troop positions prepared by the French army engineers, including a manuscript atlas containing plans of 54 French encampments during the army's 1782 march from Yorktown to Boston; Revolutionary-era maps published in England and France; and early state maps from the 1790s.

This online presentation includes all the materials in the Rochambeau Map Collection, as well as any items that also appear in the American Memory collection: The American Revolution and Its Era: Maps and Charts of North America and the West Indies, 1750-1789.

Rights and Access

The maps in the Rochambeau Map Collection were published prior to 1922 (see catalog records that accompany each map for information regarding date of publication and source). The Library of Congress is providing access to these materials for noncommercial, educational, and research purposes and is not aware of any U.S. copyright protection (see Title 17 of the United States Code) or any other restrictions in the Map Collection materials.  Note that the written permission of the copyright owners and/or other rights holders (such as publicity and/or privacy rights) is required for distribution, reproduction, or other use of protected items beyond that allowed by fair use or other statutory exemptions.  Responsibility for making an independent legal assessment of an item and securing any necessary permissions ultimately rests with persons desiring to use the item.

For further information on permissions rights, please see our Legal Notices.

Credit Line: Library of Congress, Geography and Map Division.

Citing Primary Souces on the Teachers Page.

Photographic copies of maps from the Geography and Map Division are available through the Library of Congress Photoduplication Service. The reproductions in this collection are made from digital images.  Digital reproductions in TIFF format are also available.

There are also reproductions of cartographic materials available from Please see the the Geography and Maps Division's Reproductions page for a list of reproduction options.

More about Copyright and other Restrictions

For guidance about compiling full citations consult Citing Primary Sources.