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The Library of Congress > Cataloging, Acquisitions > PCC > SACO > Summary of Decisions > Editorial Meeting Number 1810

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October 15, 2018

PSD policy specialist responsible for this list: J. Young

CLASSIFICATION

DS422.A2

Indigenous peoples as an element of the population in India should be classified in DS432.A-Z, and not as a special topic of the social life and customs in India. The subject heading Adivasis was cancelled on this list and replaced by Indigenous peoples. The caption for the existing class number DS432.A2, Adivasis, was revised to Adivasis. Indigenous peoples. The proposal for DS422.A2 was not approved.

LD271.A83

The proposal was made to change the institution name in the caption from Averette College to Averette University. Averette University must be established in the name authority file with appropriate earlier/later name references before the proposal can be approved. The proposal may be resubmitted.

ML338.92; ML338.94

These proposals were made to establish Carnatic and Hindustani music as special topics under India. There is not a precedent for establishing numbers for individual genres and forms of music that are specific to a region or country, and the meeting does not wish to set one. The proposals were not approved.

PA8477.B47

The work being cataloged is a collection of orations by Fabian Birkowski. Birkowski was a Polish preacher, not a literary author. The work should be classified in BX4705.A-Z, individual biography of the Catholic Church, or with the topic of the collection if there is one. The proposal was not approved.

PJ314.S45

The subject headings assigned to the work being cataloged indicate that the work compares the representations of self (i.e., personal identity) in Western and Oriental literatures. The summary statement in the bibliographic record, however, indicates that it compares Indic and Western literatures, not Oriental and Western.  The class number proposed is for the representation of the philosophy of self, not self-as-personal-identity, in Oriental literatures.

If the subject analysis is correct, then a class number in the range PJ312-313 should be assigned.  If Indic and Western literatures are compared, as the summary statement suggests, then Comparative literature—Indic and Western and Comparative literature—Western and Indic should be assigned along with a class number in the range PK5408-5409.

If desired, a number in either range may be proposed for the relationship to an individual literature, based on the pattern in PL720.55.A-Z. The proposal may be resubmitted.

PN1995.9.I455

The class number proposed was for imprisonment as a theme in motion pictures. The work being cataloged is about so-called “confinement cinema” – films that take place in one location – and discusses a range of films, from Fight Club and The Shining to Oliver Stone’s Talk Radio and Hitchcock’s Rope, none of them having to do with imprisonment. The work should be classified in PN1995.9.S4, setting and scenery in motion pictures. The proposal was not necessary.

SUBJECT HEADINGS

Subdivisions to be added to lists of free-floating subdivisions:

                        H 1147, Animals
                                    $x Heavy metal content (May Subd Geog)

                        H 1149.5, Colonies
                                    $x Intellectual life

                        H 1154, Languages
                                    $x Recursion

                        H 1156, Literatures
                                    $x Lebanese authors

Announcements:

Statistics
            Summaries of decisions will now include a section that provides statistics on the approximate number of proposals that were approved on a list, as well as the number that were not approved, not necessary, or marked resubmit. The statistics will appear at the end of each Summary of Decisions.

Multiple subdivisions
            As announced in the Summary of Decisions for Tentative List 1808, “multiple” subdivisions – those subdivisions that that automatically give free-floating status to analogous subdivisions used under the same heading – will be cancelled from LCSH beginning later this year.
The following policy should be followed until PSD completes the project to cancel all existing multiple subdivisions.

  • Existing multiple subdivisions should continue to be used as usual. For example, a work on Jainism in relation to computers should be assigned the heading Computers—Religious aspects—Jainism, which is based on the existing multiple Computers—Religious aspects—Buddhism, [Christianity, etc.]. The heading is free-floating. No proposal should be submitted.

 

  • If there is not an existing multiple for the concept, then the heading string that is needed should be proposed.  For example, a work on Methodist approaches to anger should be assigned the heading Anger—Religious aspects—Methodist Church. The multiple Anger—Religious aspects—Baptists, [Catholic Church, etc.] does not exist. A proposal should be made for Anger—Religious aspects—Methodist Church.

This policy was explained in the Summary of Decisions for Tentative List 1806 and reiterated in the summaries for tentative lists 1808 and 1809.  It is also detailed in SHM instruction sheet H 1090, Multiple Subdivisions, which was revised in June 2018 (see http://www.loc.gov/aba/publications/FreeSHM/H1090.pdf for the latest version of the instruction sheet).  However, PSD continues to receive numerous proposals that should not have been submitted. The unnecessary proposals that appeared on this list were as follows.

André, Christophe (Health services administrator)—Kidnapping, 1997
Childbirth—Religious aspects—Neopaganism
Handicraft—Religious aspects—Neopaganism
Handicraft—Religious aspects—Wicca
Hate—Religious aspects—Judaism
Homosexuality—Religious aspects—Islam
Parenting—Religious aspects—Neopaganism
Yao language (Africa)—Dictionaries
Yao language (Africa)—Dictionaries—English
English language—Dictionaries—Yao (Africa)

Going forward, any proposal that is not necessary because it is based on an existing multiple subdivision will be deleted without comment; it will not appear on a Tentative List. Any proposals of this type that inadvertently appear on a Tentative List will be withdrawn and deleted without comment.
The processing of these unnecessary proposals consumes valuable staff time that would be better employed on other tasks.

Case study: Determining the conventional name of an event

Many proposals for event headings in phrase form are marked resubmit because they do not include appropriate research showing that event has a conventional or “generally accepted” name in English. We therefore thought it would be helpful to use one such proposal as a case study to show how the research can be accomplished.

The proposal was Mumbai Train Bombings, Mumbai, India, 2006. The proposed heading was based on usage in the work being cataloged, an article in the Hindustan Times, and in Wikipedia. Six UFs for variant ways to refer to the event were provided. The variant phrases, along with an indication of their provenance as indicated in the proposal, were as follows.

7/11 Mumbai Train Blasts      [from the work being cataloged]
Bombay Terrorist Attacks      [no usage provided]
Bombay Train Bombings       [no usage provided]
Mumbai Attacks                     [no usage provided]
Mumbai Serial Train Blasts    [from Wikipedia]
Mumbai Terrorist Attacks      [no usage provided]

H 1592 sec. 4.a states, “Where possible, use conventional terminology or the generally accepted name in English.”  Conventional names are typically capitalized in running text (e.g., the Great Fire in Chicago; the San Francisco Earthquake of 1906, the Afghan War).  A “generally accepted name” may not be capitalized, but constitutes the most common way to refer to the event. Research needs to be done to determine whether there is a conventional or generally accepted name, and if so, what that name is.

The first step is to check authoritative reference sources. For the Mumbai bombings, we searched the electronic versions of Encyclopaedia Britannica, the Statesman’s Yearbook, and the CIA World Factbook. Britannica’s article on India mentioned the event, and its Year in Review for 2006 mentioned it twice: once in the article “Dates of 2006” and once in the article on India. In both cases the entries described the event but did not name it. Statesman’s Yearbook likewise only described the event, saying, “The peace process was set back when unidentified terrorists killed over 200 people and injured 700 more in a series of co-ordinated train bombings in Mumbai on 11 July 2006.” CIA World Factbook did not mention the event.

The names of events in the distant – or relatively distant – past can often be found by searching authoritative encyclopedias and other standard reference sources. Searching the full text of monographs through either subscription aggregators or services such as Google Books is often also very useful. (When citing those sources, it is important to cite the resource found, not the aggregator or service.)

The 2006 attack on Mumbai is a contemporary event about which there are unlikely to be many monographs published, and news accounts are therefore a preferred source.  Unless the phrase(s) used to refer to the event are uniformly capitalized in running text, we look for clear predominance of terminology. It is important to search and cite more than one news outlet, and to look for patterns in the usage of each outlet. Citing a single article that appeared in a single outlet shows usage, but it does not prove the existence of a generally accepted name.

We searched three newspapers published in India: the Hindustan Times, the Times of India, and the Mumbai Mirror. Those sources show usage within India, but LCSH is primarily intended for an American audience so it is important to determine what American media call the event. We therefore searched three national news outlets in the United States: the New York Times, the Christian Science Monitor, and CNN’s website. For a broader view, we also searched the London Times.

It is not necessary to search this many news outlets. We did so in order to provide a good example for this case study. Generally speaking, searching two or three American outlets is sufficient. Searching one or two English-language news outlets from the foreign country or region where the event occurred, if available, can also be useful. It is not necessary to search foreign news outlets for an event that occurred in the United States.

Some search mechanisms on the web sites of news outlets are excellent, and others are not useful for our purpose. They may convert phrases to simple keywords, for example. We often use Google’s site search when we wish to compare results across news outlets, to ensure consistency of results to the extent possible. 

In addition to deciding where to search, we also need to decide what to search. Phrases used in the work being cataloged and in authoritative reference sources should be searched, as should any likely phrases that came to mind during brainstorming or found while doing initial exploratory research. In this case, the cataloger already did the brainstorming, so we searched each news outlet for the phrases used in the proposed heading and UFs. The chart below displays the results. The numerals refer to the number of hits for each phrase, in each news outlet. The phrase with the highest number of hits in each outlet is boldfaced and italicized.

 

 

Mumbai train bombings

Bombay train bombings

7/11 Mumbai train blasts

Bombay terrorist attacks

Mumbai terrorist attacks

Mumbai attacks

Mumbai serial train blasts

Hindustan Times

107

1

59

0

9

196

71

Times of India

57

0

59

0

9

252

141

Mumbai Mirror

2

0

3

0

293

12

4

Christian Science Monitor

14

1

0

0

2

24

0

New York Times

66

1

0

0

3

75

0

CNN

5

0

0

0

3

62

0

London Times

1

4

0

0

5

24

0

 

The phrase Mumbai attacks is the predominant usage in six of the seven news outlets searched and therefore should be the basis for the heading. The phrases 7/11 Mumbai train blasts and Mumbai serial train blasts were not used in the American sources nor in the London Times, but they were used commonly enough in the Indian news reports to justify their inclusion as UFs. Mumbai train bombings was used in the Indian media outlets and relatively consistently in the New York Times, so it should be the basis for a UF. So should Mumbai terrorist attacks, which was clearly the most common name for the event in the Mumbai newspaper. Two of the phrases provided as UFs in the proposal – Bombay train bombings and Bombay terrorist attacks – were almost never used, corresponding to the lack of usage provided in the original proposal. They should not appear as UFs.

Although the phrase used as the basis of the proposed heading, Mumbai Train Bombings, Mumbai, India, 2006, was found in three of the four sources cited in the original proposal, that form was not “the generally accepted name in English.” One of those three citations was for the Hindustan Times, but it cited only a single article from the newspaper. As is clear from the chart above, “Mumbai train bombings” is not the way that the Hindustan Times most commonly refers to the event. Wikipedia was one of the other sources consulted, but, as we can see, Wikipedia does not always use the conventional or “generally accepted name” for an event.

The citations in the proposal should support the heading and each of the UFs, as well as the BTs. When citing news outlets it is important to include any information that would assist in repeating the search, as well as the results found. The citation below displays one way to present the information in a concise form.

670 ## $a Times of India searched with Google Site Search, Oct. 19, 2018: $b (all of the following searched as exact phrases and limited to results also including "2006": Mumbai train bombings: 57 hits; Bombay train bombings: 0 hits; 7/11 Mumbai train blasts: 59 hits; Bombay terrorist attacks: 0 hits; Mumbai terrorist attacks: 9 hits; Mumbai attacks: 252 hits; Mumbai serial train blasts: 141 hits)

The following is the revised and approved proposal.

Mumbai Attacks, Mumbai, India, 2006
                 UF 7/11 Mumbai Train Blasts, Mumbai, India, 2006
                        Mumbai Serial Train Blasts, Mumbai, India, 2006
                        Mumbai Terrorist Attacks, Mumbai, India, 2006
                        Mumbai Train Bombings, Mumbai, India, 2006
                  BT Bombings—India
                        Terrorism—India

 

Other decisions:

Acre (Israel)—History—Siege, 1189

The only information provided in the proposal was the title of the work being cataloged, The Siege of Acre, 1189-1191. SHM H 202 sec. 1.a(2) states, “Thorough authority research demonstrating that the term selected for the proposed heading is the appropriate one must be done for all concepts that are new to the LC subject heading system and outside the scope of simple and obvious pattern situations.” Research should be done to determine the dates of the siege and whether it was part of a war or other armed conflict; that research affects the choice of heading and BTs. The proposal may be resubmitted.
           
Afyonkarahisar Kalesi (Afyonkarahisar, Turkey)  

The citations in the proposal do not support the choice of geographic qualifier. In addition, the meeting requests that the UFs required by H 1334 sec. 4.a be added to the proposal. The proposal may be resubmitted.

Ali Efe Han (Tire, Turkey)

The citations provided in the proposal indicate that this structure is near Tire, Turkey, not in it, as the qualifier indicates. Furthermore, the selection of the BT Caravansaries—Turkey should be supported in English in the citations. The meeting requests that the location and type of structure be clarified. The proposal may be resubmitted.

Alter Johannisfriedhof (Leipzig, Germany)

Alter Johannisfriedhof was an active cemetery from 1536-1883 and was reopened as a museum park in 1995. The work being cataloged is about the Wagner family, members of which are buried in the cemetery, so it seems more appropriate to assign a heading for the cemetery than the park. The cemetery Alter Johannisfriedhof is established in the name authority file. The proposal for the park was not necessary.

Artificial satellites—Earth (Planet); Artificial satellites—Earth (Planet)—Orbits

Works about artificial satellites orbiting Earth should be assigned the heading Artificial satellites (see the scope note and UFs on Artificial satellites). The meeting does not wish to change this practice.  The proposal was not approved.

Autobiographical fiction, Bulgarian

This proposal originally appeared on Tentative List 7 (2018) and was marked resubmit because only the Bulgarian title was provided in the citation. The record now includes information in English, but that information appears in a 952 cataloger’s note field, not in the 670 citation for the work being cataloged. H 202 sec. 1.a(6) states that cataloger-supplied information about the work being cataloged should be provided in the 670 field for the work. The proposal may be resubmitted again.

Carrizo Plain National Conservation Area (Calif.)

According to a cataloger’s note, this proposal to cancel the heading was made because the legislation to establish the conservation area was not passed. The deleted heading information (field 682) stated that the heading is covered by the heading Carrizo Plain National Monument (Calif.), but a former heading UF was not added to the proposal for Carrizo Plain National Monument that appeared on this list. Neither proposal provides information stating that the conservation area and the national monument are the same entity; rather, the information indicates that the conservation area was proposed in congressional legislation and the national monument was established by presidential proclamation.

Proposed entities are established in LCSH if there is literary warrant for them, and those headings remain valid even if the entity does not come into being. Further, there is no evidence that the Carrizo Plain National Monument was ever called the Carrizo Plain National Conservation Area. The proposal to cancel the heading for Carrizo Plain National Conservation Area was not approved.        

Domestic relations—Religious aspects; Domestic relations—Religious aspects—Islam; Domestic relations—Religious aspects—Judaism

The heading Domestic relations is inherently legal, and an Islamic or Jewish view of domestic relations would be established in the form Domestic relations (Islamic law) or Domestic relations (Jewish law), respectively.  The works being cataloged appear to be about the interpersonal relationship – not the legal relationship – of spouses or partners. The headings Man-woman relationships—Religious aspects—[religion], Marriage—Religious aspects—[religion], or Families—Religious aspects—[religion] would be more appropriate for the works. Each of those headings already has an established multiple. The proposals were not approved.

Ethnic television broadcasting

This proposal was made to add a contrasting scope note with headings in the form Television broadcasting, [nationality]. Nationalities are not synonymous with ethnicities. The proposal was not approved.

Folk songs, Twi

Only the title of the work being cataloged, Songs of Africa for upper voices, was provided in support of this proposal. The proposal may be resubmitted with information that explains the relationship of the work to the heading being proposed.

Four (Group of artists)

H 405 footnote 14 states, “Headings for artists’, composers’, etc., groups that are self-identified by a particular name and function as a business firm in creating, publishing, promoting, and marketing their works are established as corporate entities according to descriptive cataloging conventions.” According to the information provided, the members of Four exhibited together. The heading should be established in the name authority file. The proposal was not approved.

Hangzhouwan Xinqu (Ningbo Shi, China); Hefei Xinzhan Gao Xin Jishu Chanye Kaifaqu (Hefei Shi, China); Wulumuqi Jingji Jishu Kaifaqu (Ürümqi, China)

Industrial districts are established in the name authority file according to H 405. The proposals were not approved.

Jewish social workers

The work being cataloged is an address to Jewish social workers, and is not about Jewish social workers.  The topics of the address appears to be covered by the headings Americanization and/or Citizenship. The proposal was not necessary.

Klumak family

H 1631 sec. 3.a states that the nationality or location of the family should be provided in the citations. This proposal did not include that information. The proposal may be resubmitted.

Korean poetry—17th century

The heading Korean poetry—1392-1894 covers the 17th century, and the meeting does not wish to establish a separate heading for a span in the middle of the time period that is already established. The proposal was not approved.

Luoyang River (China)

The proposed heading was not used on the bibliographic record for the work being cataloged, and it appears that the proposal was made only because a heading for the Luoyang River Mangrove Swamp was also being proposed. While rivers that are not yet established must be proposed when headings for their watersheds, deltas, and valleys are, no such provision exists for swamps. The proposal was not necessary.

Márquez Mejía, Nicolás Ricardo (Fictitious character)

The names of individual fictitious characters have been established in the name authority file since 2012 (see H 405 and H 1610). The proposal was not approved.

Museums and children

Only the title of the work being cataloged, Snapshots of museum experience, was provided in support of this proposal. The proposal may be resubmitted with information that explains the relationship of the work to the heading being proposed.

New York State Supreme Court Building (New York, N.Y.)

According to the background statement in H 1334, a work about a building that is known by the same name as the corporate body that occupies it is assigned the corporate name heading for the body. The work being cataloged should be assigned the heading New York (State). Supreme Court. The proposal was not approved.

Noir fiction, Catalan

The English information in this proposal does not support the language qualifier in the heading. The language of literature cannot be assumed from the language of the title of the work being cataloged nor from the location in which the literature was written. The proposal may be resubmitted.
           
Panathenaia; Athena (Greek deity)—Cult

These proposals were made to remove the RT Athena (Greek deity)—Cult from Panathenaia and cancel the heading Athena (Greek deity)—Cult. When Athena was established in the name authority file the decision was made to retain Athena (Greek deity)—Cult for the RT reference and the MARC coding was changed to reflect the coding of the name authority record. The proposals were not approved.     

Peñol-Guatapé Reservoir (Antioquia, Colombia)

H 690 states that Geonet must be searched for all foreign geographic names except for those in New Zealand.  Geonet was not cited in this proposal, and the qualifier was not supported, either. The proposal may be resubmitted with the required information.

Phocaea (Extinct city)

Extinct cities are not established in LCSH “if it is clear that the exact original site of the city in question has been continuously occupied since modern times” (H 715 sec. 2).  Reference sources disagree on whether the ancient Greek city of Phocaea is the modern city of Foça, Turkey. Earlier/later headings for Phocaea and Foça have been established in the name authority file for 27 years. Rather than disrupt decades of cataloging based on disputed evidence, the meeting prefers to retain the name authority record. The proposal was not approved.

Sar language

This proposal was made to revise the existing heading Sara language. The proposal did not list a work being cataloged and also failed to disambiguate the proposed heading from other languages called Sar. The required revisions to the NTs of Sara language were not proposed, either.  Finally, this revision necessitates a revision to the classification schedules.  The proposal may be resubmitted.

Savur Mohyla, Battle of, Ukraine, 2014

H 1592 sec. 4.a states, “Where possible, use conven­tional terminol­ogy or the generally ac­cepted name in English.  If the name is unavail­able in English, and it is impossible to translate the name into an accept­able equivalent in English, use the name in the vernacular.” The proposal did not provide any evidence of an attempt to find a conventional English-language name for the battle. The only English source cited was Wikipedia.  Not only is Wikipedia not considered authoritative for proposal purposes (see H 202 sec. 1.b), but the article that was cited described the battle but did not name it.

Research to find a conventional or generally accepted name in English, such as that presented in the case study above, should be performed.  The proposal may be resubmitted.

Savur Mohyla (Ukraine)

This proposed heading was not used in the bibliographic record for the work being cataloged.  It appears that the proposal was made only because a heading was being proposed for a battle of the same name. The proposal was not necessary.

Soldiers—Religious aspects; Soldiers—Religious aspects—Christianity

The subdivision –Religious aspects is not used under classes of persons. The meeting would suggest appropriate headings to use instead, but it was not possible to determine what the work is about based on the information provided in the record – the title Christians can be soldiers. Therefore, the meeting will mention only that there are several military-related headings with established –Religious aspects multiple subdivisions. The proposal was not approved.

Square Kilometre Array Radio Telescope (South Africa : Telescope)

According to H 405, individual telescopes are established in the name authority file. The proposal was not approved.

Stickball

The proposal did not provide a definition of stickball from an authoritative source, and the descriptions provided from Wikipedia indicate that it is a lacrosse-like game.  Merriam-Webster and Encyclopaedia Britannica both indicate that stickball is similar to baseball. When authoritative reference sources conflict with Wikipedia, the authoritative references sources are given preference. However, the meeting recognizes that there may in fact be two different games called stickball.  The meeting requests that more research be done in authoritative reference sources in order to determine whether they are in fact two different games, and revise the proposal accordingly. The proposal may be resubmitted.

Thesmophoria; Demeter (Greek deity)—Cult

These proposals were made to remove the RT Demeter (Greek deity)—Cult from Thesmophoria and cancel the heading Demeter (Greek deity)—Cult. When Demeter was established in the name authority file the decision was made to retain Demeter (Greek deity)—Cult for the RT reference and the MARC coding was changed to reflect the coding in the name authority record. The proposals were not approved.           

Tradition (Philosophy) in literature

This proposed heading would be assigned to works about the depiction or portrayal of tradition in literature. The supplied translation of the title of the work being cataloged is “Russian traditional prose of the 20th-21st centuries;” that is, prose that is traditional, not tradition in prose. If the contents of the work correspond to the title, the headings Russian prose literature—20th century and Russian prose literature—21st century should be assigned, subdivided by –History and criticism if appropriate. The proposal was not necessary.

 

GENRE/FORM TERMS

Cuneiform tablets

The citations provided showed evidence of usage of the phrase cuneiform tablets, but did not provide a description or definition. The proposal may be resubmitted.

Fiabe (Drama)

In general terms, fiabe is an Italian word that translates to fairy tales. The proposed term can therefore be understood to mean Italian fairy tales in dramatic form.  The proposal seeks to establish a term for a much more specific meaning: ten plays written between 1761 and 1765 by Carlo Gozzi in an attempt to revive the commedia dell arte tradition.

The meeting performed additional research and found no evidence that any other playwrights wrote fiabe in the specific sense. Ten plays written by a single individual do not constitute a form or genre, and the meeting believes that users are likely to search under Gozzi’s name to find the plays. The proposal was not approved.
           
Satirical fiction

The citations in the proposal provided evidence of usage, but did not define satirical fiction. The proposal may be resubmitted if a definition can be found in an authoritative literary reference source.

              

MEDIUM OF PERFORMANCETERMS

Changes were made as indicated on the approved list.

           

STATISTICS

 

LCSH

LCGFT

LCMPT

LCDGT

Approved*

290 (86%)

5 (63%)

1 (100%)

0

   Authority records cancelled+

38

0

0

0

Not necessary

15

0

0

0

Not approved

21

1

0

0

Resubmit

13

2

0

0

*The number of proposals approved is approximate and may change slightly during the final processing of the Approved List.

+The number of authority records cancelled is also included in the total number of proposals approved.