PCC Policy Statement on RDA Training
August 25, 2011
Standing Committee on Training (SCT) Recommendations
On Friday, July 8, the Standing Committee on Training (SCT) forwarded the bulleted recommendations below to PCC Chair John Riemer. In response, the PCC Steering Committee and Policy Committee offer the following interleaved policy statements.
The SCT, based on input from the PCC trainers’ community, recommends the following:
- The PCC honor already scheduled AACR2-based NACO training, but cease training new NACO libraries using AACR2 and offer no more AACR2-based courses.
The PCC Policy Committee accepts this recommendation. Effective October 1, 2011, the PCC will stop training new NACO libraries using AACR2 and will stop offering its AACR2-based courses.
- Existing NACO libraries may join BIBCO &/or CONSER as an AACR2 library, but be informed of the pending switch (& associated costs of additional training) to RDA.
Existing NACO libraries may join BIBCO and/or CONSER as an AACR2 library because of their PCC and AACR2 experience; however, should they wish to expand their PCC membership to these areas during this transition period to RDA, their AACR2 practices and workflows may be short-lived due to the subsequent change of cataloging codes.
- The Secretariat contact libraries already trained in, and using, RDA about providing mentors for existing NACO libraries wishing to begin creating NACO records using RDA.
As the need arises, the PCC Secretariat will contact libraries already experienced with using RDA to identify potential trainers, mentors, and/or reviewers. The Policy Committee does not want to encourage RDA NACO contributions from new and existing PCC libraries (other than those involved in the test and continuing to contribute RDA records) quite yet. The Cooperative Programs Section, in concert with the SCT and other groups, is in the process of preparing formal training in this area.
- The Cooperative Programs Section, in concert with the SCT and other groups, immediately begin developing training & documentation for RDA, leveraging the materials already available.
The PCC Policy Committee accepts this recommendation, and work in this area has begun. We anticipate working also with ALCTS.
- The PCC focus on providing training and documentation for experienced catalogers who will be creating records using RDA.
The PCC Policy Committee agrees that the first RDA training materials developed should be for experienced catalogers doing original RDA cataloging.
Original cataloging is one flavor among many of RDA training that will be needed, and will likely be the one applicable to most PCC catalogers. We encourage the LC Cooperative and Instructional Programs Division (COIN), the Standing Committee on Training (SCT), and ALCTS to work together to develop this training.
We hope that this training will encompass not only “the underlying principles of RDA which include not just FRBR concepts, but the idea that bibliographic description should be regarded as a set of reusable relationship information packets, rather than a monolithic set of individual and indivisible records.” (From the U.S. RDA Test Coordinating Committee report)
- The PCC provide documentation explaining the differences between AACR2 and RDA records, as well as dealing with hybrid records, primarily for copy catalogers.
The PCC Policy Committee recognizes that, to assist copy catalogers, libraries need information right away about RDA. Chart-like comparisons, for example, between AACR2 and RDA might be very helpful and could be relatively easily developed. Some information like this is already available, and the PCC TG on Hybrid Bibliographic Records is also working in this area.
The PCC Policy Committee makes a distinction between training (as described above, for experienced original catalogers) and documentation, which is more what is needed for copy catalogers. We hope that SCT—with the help of others—will be able to do both: provide original cataloging training (as its first priority) as well as cogent documentation to assist copy catalogers.
Ideally, all types of training will encompass at least some of the conceptual foundation of RDA, including training for copy catalogers.
- The SCT establish a task group to coordinate gathering examples of RDA records.
This recommendation, which has its basis in the U.S. RDA Test Coordinating Committee report, has been accepted, and the SCT may begin drafting a charge and appointing members.
- The SCT gather and review existing RDA training documentation, posting approved versions on the PCC website.
The PCC Policy Committee agrees in principle about the value of gathering, vetting, approving, and sharing RDA training materials and documentation, but in practice this may be difficult to coordinate and implement. We encourage the SCT to work closely with the PCC Secretariat, which in turn needs to work closely with LC’s Policy and Standards Division (PSD). This is particularly necessary for designating approved materials.
U.S. RDA Test Coordinating Committee Recommendations to PCC
In addition, the PCC Policy Committee endorses the train-the-trainer concept, reinforcing the need for this technique to share what will be a significant training workload.
The U.S. RDA Test Coordinating Committee made recommendations to PCC, and seven were in the area of training. The PCC Policy Committee would like to take advantage of this opportunity to share our thoughts, and make some specific assignments to the Standing Committee on Training based on the needs expressed in that report.
- “Over the next 18 months, training should be coordinated among LC, PCC, and ALCTS, but extend more broadly, as not all libraries are members of PCC or able to participate in ALCTS-sponsored activities... Specialist communities are encouraged to work with LC, PCC, and/or ALCTS to develop training geared toward their communities.”
PoCo agrees that RDA training should be coordinated across these bodies, and that PCC should actively participate.
- “Methods for developing a cadre of experts need to be determined... it is important to ensure that accurate information is being provided by trainers. Development of RDA train the trainer programs following the SCCTP model should be considered.”
A train-the-trainer approach would enable PCC to share the workload with LC. LC may play a leading role in developing/verifying the quality content to be used by the cadre of trainers.
- “The Coordinating Committee recommends that training material be developed that specifically focuses on the underlying principles of RDA which include not just FRBR concepts, but the idea that bibliographic description should be regarded as a set of reusable relationship information packets, rather than a monolithic set of individual and indivisible records.”
PoCo agrees that training should include underlying principles, and that SCT could actively assist in developing this content.
- “When discussing the new fields for content, media, and carrier, trainers should stress that the terms used in these fields are meant for machine manipulation rather than human eyes and that the MARC 33X fields do not need to be displayed in the user interface; they could be replaced by icons or other terms.”
PoCo agrees that training could include the concepts of machine manipulation of data, and SCT could actively assist in developing this content.
- “The Coordinating Committee recommends that training materials and documentation clarify and emphasize the organization of chapters 6, and 9-11... The training materials should also point out that the instructions for creators and contributors contain links to instructions about using authorized access points to identify the relationships to the resources being cataloged.”
PoCo agrees; SCT could actively assist in developing this content.
- “The PCC and LC should work together with the Dublin Core, MODS, VRA, etc., communities to develop training that incorporates examples using non-MARC encoding schemes. Additional instructions are needed for these communities as to which elements in a particular scheme logically map to RDA core elements, so that these are routinely included in a consistent location in each particular scheme.”
PoCo agrees. If PCC assistance is needed that SCT cannot provide, perhaps an assignment should be made to a subgroup of the PCC Advisory Group on Initiatives.
- “The PCC and specialist communities should consider developing authoritative workflows as supplementary documentation for the Toolkit.”
PoCo agrees; SCT could develop authoritative workflows for all PCC programs.
All RDA questions should be directed to LChelp4rda@loc.gov.
Comments on PCC-related aspects of the US RDA Test may be sent to: firstname.lastname@example.org with the words "PCC/RDA aspects" in the subject line